نقش نگرش‌های مذهبی و سرسختی روان‌شناختی به عنوان پیش‌بین‌های استرس دوران دانشجویی

طیبه رحیمی پردنجانی, علی محمدزاده ابراهمیمی, زکیه دوست‌کام
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سابقه و هدف: عوامل و زمینه‌هاي بسیاري در شکل‌گیري استرس دوران دانشجویی نقش دارند که از مهم‌ترین آنها نگرش‌های مذهبی و سرسختی روان‌شناختی است. ازاین‌رو، هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی نقش نگرش‌های مذهبی و سرسختی روان‌شناختی به عنوان پیش‌بین‌های استرس دوران دانشجویی دانشجویان دانشگاه بجنورد است.

روش کار: این پژوهش از نوع توصیفی - همبستگی و جامعه­ی آماری آن شامل کلیه‌ی دانشجویان دانشگاه بجنورد در نیمسال دوم سال تحصیلی 95 - 96 است که از بین آنان 170 نفر با استفاده از روش نمونه­گیری تصادفی چندمرحله­یی انتخاب و مطالعه شدند. برای جمع‌آوری داده‌ها از مقیاس سرسختی روان‌شناختی اهواز، پرسش‌نامه‌ی نگرش‌سنج مذهبی و فهرست استرس دوران دانشجویی؛ و برای تحليل داده‌ها از ضریب همبستگي پيرسون و رگرسیون چندگانه استفاده شد. در این پژوهش همه‌ی مسائل اخلاقی رعایت شده است و نویسندگان مقاله هیچ‌گونه تضاد منافعی گزارش نکرده‌اند.

یافته‌ها: یافته‌ها نشان داد ضریب همبستگی بین نگرش‌های مذهبی (526/0-=r) و سرسختی روان‌شناختی (457/0-=r) با استرس دوران دانشجویی معنی‌دار است (05/0p<). تحليل رگرسيون با روش گام به گام نیز نشان داد به ترتیب متغیّرهای سرسختی روان‌شناختی و نگرش‌های مذهبی می‌توانند استرس دوران دانشجویی را پیش‌بینی کنند (241/0R2= و 04/0>P).

نتیجه‌گیری: بر اساس نتایج به‌دست‌آمده، می‌توان استرس دوران دانشجویی را از طریق نگرش‌های مذهبی و سرسختی روان‌شناختی پیش‌بینی کرد. ازاین‌رو، در نظر گرفتن این دو متغیّر در برنامه‌های آموزش مدیریت استرس دانشجویان توصیه می‌شود.

Rahimi Pordanjani T, Mohamadzade EbrahimiA, DoostkamZ. Religious Attitudes and Psychological Hardiness as Predictors of Stress in Students’ Life. J Res Relig Health. 2018; 4(4):21- 32.DOI: https://doi.org/10.22037/jrrh.v4i4.17334


موضوع

استرس دوران دانشجویی؛ سرسختی روان‌شناختی؛ نگرش مذهبی

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22037/jrrh.v4i4.17334

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