دانش و ادراکات دانشجويان پزشکی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اصفهان در زمينه HIV/AIDSHIV/AIDS-related knowledge and perceptions among medical students in Isfahan University of Medical Sciences: a theory-based cross-sectional study

سكينه رخشنده رو, ذبيح اله قارلي پور قرقاني, الهه توسلي, محتشم غفاري, محسن روشني, ناهيد حميدزاده

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چکیده

ABSTRACT

Background and Aims: Health care personnel are at occupational risk of blood-transmitted pathogens such

as; HBV, HCV, and HIV. Educational interventions must be designed for this vulnerable group before entering

workplaces. Medical sciences universities are the best places for designing such interventions, and also,

academic duration is the best time for that. Assessing current situation is considered as a primary phase of

designing programs. This study has been carried out for assessing knowledge and health beliefs of Isfahan

medical students toward HIV/AIDS in 2009.

Material and Methods: The present study is a cross-sectional research. All the 1st year students of Isfahan

medical school (disciplines of medicine, anesthesia, and laboratory sciences) in 2009-2010 (n=175) participate

in this study. Data gathering instrument were demographic questionnaire and scales (knowledge, perceived

susceptibility, and perceived severity) that designed by the authors. For validity of the designed tools, two

methods of face and content validity were applied using expert panel. The tools reliability was done by two

methods (test-retest & internal consistency, Cronbach’s Alpha). Participation of students in research was

voluntary and with informed consent. SPSS 16.0 software was used for data analysis in this research.

Results: Based on findings, 99.4% of all students have high level of knowledge about HIV/AIDS. Also, results

showed 50.6% and 64.6% of samples have respectively high levels of perceived susceptibility and perceived

severity. There was no significant correlation between demographic variables and main factors of research

(knowledge, perceived susceptibility, and perceived severity).

Conclusion: Although, knowledge of medical students was desired and acceptable, but this result dose not

means that these students do not need HIV/AIDS education. Perceived susceptibility and perceived severity of

students is not acceptable, and thus educational interventions are seriously needed.

Key words: Knowledge, Health Belief, Perceived Susceptibility, Perceived Severity, Students, HIV/AIDS.

*Corresponding Author:

Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tabnak Ave., Daneshjou

Blvd., Velenjak, Tehran, Iran P.O. Box 19835-35511

Tel: +982122432040-1, Fax: +982122432036-7

Email: mohtashamg@yahoo.com

Received: 20 Oct. 2013

Accepted: 15 Jan. 2014


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