ارتقای ایمنی و پیشگیری از مصدومیت ها,
دوره 1 شماره 4 (2014),
20 April 2014
Background and Objective: To resource allocating at national levels as results of productivity, cost calculation helps to determine the size of the problem and revealed cost benefits of injury prevention and it can also ensure the better resource using and cost benefit assessment. This study was conducted to determine the method of calculating road traffic injuries cost.
Materials and Methods: In a literature review study using internet searching and library resources’ all references related to health cost determination was derived. Then among all the methods, methods of road traffic injury cost estimation were studied and a result with component of the two common methods is presented here.
Results: Findings showed that road traffic cost methods including: life insurance approach, court award(compensation), compensation method, the method of implicit public sector valuation, gross output method, using GDP(human capital) method, value change risk or willingness to pay. Mentioned methods have been used based on each section policies, but each method faced to its limitation and may be accompanied with under reporting.
Conclusion: Among the stated methods willingness to pay is more accurate, but because of the complexity of the method, human capital method according to available resources and capacity to perform the higher permeability is recommended for low and middle income countries.
How to cite this article: Ainy E, Soori H. Review on Road Traffic Injuries Cost Calculation Methods. Irtiqa Imini Pishgiri Masdumiyat (Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention).2014; 4(1):236-244.
- Road Traffic Injury
- Willingness to Pay
- Human Capital
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