Global determinants of health: new concept for control of pandemics
Social Determinants of Health,
Vol. 6 (2020),
Control and prevention of pandemics like COVID-19, is based on many factors that are not under authority of health system. Like “Social Determinants of Health” for inequity, we need to define a new concept in which factors that influence on wide spread of communicable and even non-communicable diseases are categorized. In this manuscript the concept of “Global Determinants of Health” is introduced as the key factors in controlling large scale epidemics and pandemics in global level. International transport and transit, Migration, tourism, world trading, market exclusivity, abroad and overseas workers, income, per-capita growth domestic product, radicalism, racism, and extreme nationalism, war, politics, international health organizations power and, influence, climate change, source of energy and, internet influence rate, are introduced as the main global determinants of health. They are in international level and affect rate of disease spread in many countries. Paying attention to these factors and controlling them could be effective in prevention and control of COVID-19 and future epidemics and pandemics.
- Global Determinants of Health
- Global Health
- Social Determinants of Health
How to Cite
Marmot M, Wilkinson R. Social determinants of health: Oxford; 2005.
McAuliffe M, Ruhs M. World migration report 2018. Geneva: International Organization for Migration. 2017.
Abubakar I, Aldridge RW, Devakumar D, Orcutt M, Burns R, Barreto ML, et al. The UCL–Lancet Commission on Migration and Health: the health of a world on the move. The Lancet. 2018;392(10164):2606-54.
Hanefeld J, Vearey J, Lunt N, Bell S, Blanchet K, Duclos D, et al. A global research agenda on migration, mobility, and health. The Lancet. 2017;389(10087):2358-9.
Mangili A, Gendreau MA. Transmission of infectious diseases during commercial air travel. The Lancet. 2005;365(9463):989-96.
Rudan I. A cascade of causes that led to the COVID-19 tragedy in Italy and in other European Union countries. J Glob Health. 2020;10(1):010335-.
Zhou P, Yang X-L, Wang X-G, Hu B, Zhang L, Zhang W, et al. A pneumonia outbreak associated with a new coronavirus of probable bat origin. Nature. 2020;579(7798):270-3.
Hemida M, Alnaeem A, Peiris M. Molecular and serological monitoring of dromedary camel herds for the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus. J Infect Public Health. 2019;12(1):131-.
’t Hoen E. Protect against market exclusivity in the fight against COVID-19. Nature Medicine. 2020.
Nayyar GML, Breman JG, Mackey TK, Clark JP, Hajjou M, Littrell M, et al. Falsified and Substandard Drugs: Stopping the Pandemic. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 2019;100(5):1058-65.
Nassif-Pires L, Xavier LdL, Masterson T, Nikiforos M, Rios-Avila F. Pandemic of Inequality: Levy Economics Institute; 2020 [cited 2020 4/23]. Available from: https://ideas.repec.org/p/lev/levppb/ppb_149.html.
Timofeyev Y, Jakovljevic M, Ranabhat C, Fernandes PO, Teixeira J, Rancic N, et al. Real GDP growth rates and health care spending – Comparison between the G7 and the EM7 countries. Research Square; 2020.
Trent M, Dooley DG, Dougé J. The impact of racism on child and adolescent health. Pediatrics. 2019;144(2):e20191765.
Razum O, Barros H, Buckingham R, Codd M, Czabanowska K, Künzli N, et al. Is war a man-made public health problem? The Lancet. 2019;394(10209):1613.
Clark H, Coll-Seck AM, Banerjee A, Peterson S, Dalglish SL, Ameratunga S, et al. A future for the world's children? A WHO–UNICEF–Lancet Commission. The Lancet. 2020;395(10224):605-58.
Fidler DP. From International Sanitary Conventions to Global Health Security: The New International Health Regulations. Chinese Journal of International Law. 2005;4(2):325-92.
Baker MG, Fidler DP. Global public health surveillance under new international health regulations. Emerg Infect Dis. 2006;12(7):1058-65.
Watts N, Adger WN, Ayeb-Karlsson S, Bai Y, Byass P, Campbell-Lendrum D, et al. The Lancet Countdown: tracking progress on health and climate change. The Lancet. 2017;389(10074):1151-64.
Beggs PJ, Zhang Y, Bambrick H, Berry HL, Linnenluecke MK, Trueck S, et al. The 2019 report of the MJA–Lancet Countdown on health and climate change: a turbulent year with mixed progress. Medical Journal of Australia. 2019;211(11):490-1.e21.
Estacio EV, Whittle R, Protheroe J. The digital divide: Examining socio-demographic factors associated with health literacy, access and use of internet to seek health information. J Health Psychol. 2019;24(12):1668-75.
Kopp W. How Western Diet And Lifestyle Drive The Pandemic Of Obesity And Civilization Diseases. Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes. 2019;12:2221-36.
- Abstract Viewed: 1695 times
- PDF Downloaded: 623 times