Effects of CPP-ACP and Remin-Pro on Surface Roughness of Bleached Enamel: an Atomic Force Microscopy Study
Journal of Dental School, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences,
Vol. 38 No. 2 (2020),
17 July 2021
Objectives Bleaching agents can change the organic and mineral contents of the tooth structure. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of two remineralizing agents on surface roughness of bleached enamel.
Methods In this experimental study, 24 premolars were collected. The testing area was a window measuring 3 × 4 mm. First the surface roughness of specimens was measured by atomic force microscopy (AFM). Then, the teeth were bleached. Surface roughness was measured again. Specimens were randomly divided into 3 groups. No remineralizing agent was applied in the control group (A). Casein phosphopeptide amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) and Remin-Pro were used in groups B and C, respectively. After 15 days, the surface roughness was measured. The changes in surface roughness were analyzed by paired t-test, and comparison between the groups was done by the Welch and Games-Howell post hoc tests.
Results The surface roughness increased after bleaching (P<0.000). Surface roughness in groups B (P=0.03) and C (P=0.04) was significantly lower than that in group A. There was no significant difference in the level of surface roughness reduction between groups B and C. The Welch test revealed that the mean change in surface roughness values after remineralization in groups B and C was significantly higher than that in group A (P=0.001 and P=0.002, respectively). The difference between groups B and C was not significant (P=0.97).
Conclusion CPP-ACP and Remin-Pro reduce the surface roughness of bleached enamel more effectively than the saliva.
- Tooth Bleaching
- Tooth Remineralization
- Microscopy, Atomic Force
How to Cite
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