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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Office Word document (doc) file format.
  • The authors are agree to introduce three peer reviewers by their contact details (full name, affiliation, field of study, email, Tel/Fax numbers).
  • The authors downloaded and read the copyright form.
  • Orcid number

Author Guidelines

Journal Information

The Applied Food Biotechnology (AFB) is an international peer reviewed Quarterly open access journal. We invite you to contribute high-quality original research/up-to-date review article to the Applied Food Biotechnology (AFB) for it’s upcoming issue.

Aims & Scope: Applied Food Biotechnology publishes original research, review articles, short communication, systematic reviews, meta-analysis, and hypothesis related to the field of Food Biotechnology. The following is an outline of the areas covered in the Journal:


  • Biochemical Microbiology and Bioprocess Engineering (for food production, fortification, safety, etc)

  • Metabolic and Genetic Engineering in Food Science

  • Food Microbiology (Biotechnology appraoch)

  • Microbiaol Nanobiotechnology in Food Science and Technology

  • Biopolymers as Food Packaging Materials

  • Waste Treatment

  • Biodecontamination

Instructions for Author:

Manuscript Submission: All manuscripts should be submitted electronically through www.journals.sbmu.ac.ir/afb

Covering letter: The special cover letter of the journal, containing the information outlined below must be sent to the editor (To download the copyright form, click here.):

1) The material has not been published previously and is not under consideration by another journal and is the work of the author(s).

2) The manuscript title, name and address (including e-mail) of the corresponding author and their signature. This author will be responsible for editing proofs and ordering reprints where applicable.

3) The following paragraph: “In consideration of the editors of the AFB taking action in reviewing and editing this submission, the author undersigned hereby transfer, assign or otherwise convey all copyright ownership to the AFB in the event that such work is published in that Journal.”

4) If the purpose of a paper is to evaluate a commercial product, then a separate statement must be included with the submission, which asserts that the product was used exactly according to manufacturer’s instructions. If this was not the case, a precise description of any variant use must be prominently stated in the abstract, methods and, if appropriate, in the title.

Ethical Consideration for human and animal subjects:

1) If human subjects are used then they have to be registered with the Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials website (www.irct.ir) or the related country and ethical committee of the research center or University where the study was carried out.

2) Research with human subjects should be conducted in full accordance with ethical principles, including the WMA Declaration of Helsinki-Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects (2008) http://www.wma.net/en/30publications/10policies/b3/index.html

3) The submitted manuscripts must transparently state this in their methods and materials including a statement outlining whether the study has been independently reviewed and approved by an ethical board.

4) Moreover, where human subjects are used, the informed consent explaining the nature of the procedure and possible discomforts and risks should be obtained from all patients who participated in the experimental investigation and subjects should be able to freely reject participation.

5) If animals are used, a statement protocol approval by the institutional animal care and use committee must be included. Methods section must clearly show that adequate measures were taken to minimize pain and/or distress, for example the administration of local anesthetics or general anesthesia. Experiments should be carried out in accordance with the European Communities Council Directive of 24 November 1986 (86/609/EEC) and in accordance with local laws and regulations governed within that country or with the guidelines laid down by the National Institute of Health (NIH) in the USA regarding the care and use of animals for experimental procedures.

A: Authors

1. Publication and authorship:

• The research being reported should have been conducted in an ethical and responsible manner and should comply with all relevant legislation.

• Authors should present their results clearly, honestly, and without fabrication, falsification or inappropriate data manipulation.

• Authors should strive to describe their methods clearly and unambiguously so that their findings can be confirmed by others.

• Authors should adhere to publication requirements that submitted work is original, is not plagiarized1, and has not been published elsewhere.

• Authors should take collective responsibility for submitted and published work.

• The authorship of research publications should accurately reflect individuals’ contributions to the work and its reporting.

• Authors must list all references used in/for the article and should not copy references from other publications if they have not read the cited work.

• Funding sources and relevant conflicts of interest2 should be disclosed.

2. Author’s responsibility:

• Only people who contributed significantly to the research and/or article can be listed as ‘author’. People who contributed in a lesser role must be acknowledged as ‘contributor’.

• Authors are obliged to participate in peer review process and should follow publisher’s requirements.

• Authors should inform the editor if they withdraw their work from review or choose not to respond to reviewers comment after receiving a conditional acceptance.

• Authors should respond to reviewers’ comments in a professional and timely manner.

• Authors should use appropriate methods of data analysis and display and should state that all data in article are real and authentic.

• Authors should check their publications carefully at all stages to ensure methods and findings are reported accurately. Authors should carefully check calculations, data presentations, typescripts/submissions and proofs.

• Authors should respond appropriately to post-publication comments and published correspondence. They should attempt to answer correspondents’ questions and supply clarification or additional details where needed.

• Authors should alert the editor promptly if they discover an error in any submitted, accepted or published work. Authors should cooperate with editors in issuing corrections or retractions when required.

• Authors should work with the editor or publisher to correct their work promptly if errors or omissions are discovered after publication.

B: Peer reviewer/ responsibility of reviewers

• The reviewers only agree to review manuscripts for which they have the subject expertise required to carry out a proper assessment and which they can assess in a timely manner.

• In reviewing an article they respect the confidentiality of process and the rights of those who submitted the articles.

• The reviewers will not use any information obtained during the peer-review process for their own or any other person’s or organization’s advantage or to disadvantage or discredit others.

• The reviewers should not have any conflict of interest and will declare all potential conflicting interests.

• They will not influenced by the origins of a manuscript, by the nationality, religious or political beliefs, gender or other characteristics of the authors, or by commercial considerations.

• The reviewers will be objective and constructive in their reviews, refraining from being hostile or inflammatory and from making libelous or derogatory personal comments.

• They undertake to carry out their fair share of reviewing and in a timely manner.

• They will provide journals with personal and professional information that is accurate and a true representation of their expertise.

C: Editorial Responsibilities

• The editors are accountable and take their responsibility for everything they publish and editor-in-chief has authority to reject or accept an article.

• The editor/s will make fair and unbiased decisions and should not be involved in decisions about papers in which they have a conflict of interest whether they reject or accept the article.

• The editor/s will guard the integrity of the published record by issuing corrections and retractions when needed and pursuing suspected or alleged research and publication misconduct.

• The Editors will protect reviewers’ identities. However, if reviewers wish to disclose their names, this will be permitted

• The editor-in-chief will pursue reviewer and editorial misconduct.

• The editors will critically assess the ethical conduct of studies in humans and animals and are responsible for ethical standards of the journal.

D: Publishing ethics issues

• The editorial board will monitor and safeguard the publishing ethics of the journal

• The guidelines for retracting articles are as follows: - Articles that are seriously unreliable will be retracted. Redundant articles (published in other journals) will be retracted. Minor errors or authorship changes will not lead to retraction but require a correction notice.

- Notices of retraction will clearly state the reason and the retracted article will be clearly marked in all electronic versions of the journal, and a retraction notice will be published in the print copy of the journal.

• The journal will not compromise intellectual or ethical standards in favor of the business needs of the journal.

• The editorial board will maintain the integrity of the academic record of the journal.

• The editorial board will always be willing to publish corrections, clarifications, retractions and apologies when needed.

• No plagiarism and no fraudulent data will be tolerated in this journal.


1) Plagiarism

We accept all terms and conditions of COPE about plagiarism and in case, any attempt of plagiarism is brought to our attention accompanied with convincing evidence, we act based on flowcharts and workflows determined in COPE.

2) Conflict of Interest and Funding Disclosure

Funding sources and relevant conflicts of interest should be disclosed. The disclosure of a potential conflict of interest does not necessarily exclude an article from consideration for publication; the goal of disclosure is transparency.

Any existing financial arrangements between an author and a company whose product figures prominently in the submitted manuscript or between the author and any company or organization sponsoring the research reported in the submitted manuscript should be brought to the attention of the Editor at manuscript submission.

All authors must declare all sources of funding for research reported in their manuscript and report all potential conflicts of interest in separate footnotes on the manuscript title page. If an author has no conflicts of interest, the footnote should list the author's name, followed by "no conflicts of interest".

Potential conflicts of interest include:

1. Having a close relative or a professional associate with financial interest in the research outcome.

2. Serving as an officer, director, member, owner, trustee, or employee of an or as an expert witness, advisor, consultant, or public advocate (with or without compensation) on behalf of an organization with a financial interest in the outcome;

3. Receiving support, including grants, contracts or subcontracts, fellowships, consulting agreements, or gifts (eg, chemicals, experimental diets, trips) with a company or organization having a financial interest in the outcome at present, during the time the research was conducted, the near past and the near future.

Applied Food Biotechnology retains the right to reject any manuscript on the basis of unethical conduct of either human or animal studies.


Preparation of Manuscript: Manuscripts that do not adhere to the following instructions will be returned to the corresponding author for technical revision before undergoing peer review. Submissions should be double-spaced and line-numbered word-processing files (.doc). The top, bottom and side margins should be 30 mm. All pages should be numbered consecutively in the center of bottom, beginning with the title page.

Title page

Title page has to be submitted separately and should be arranged as follows:

1) Title, which should be concise as well as descriptive.

2) First and last names of each author.

3) Name and address of department and institution to which work should be attributed.

4) Running title (no more than 40 characters).

5) Name, full postal address, telephone, fax number and academic e-mail address of author responsible for correspondence.

Main manuscript file has to be submitted as the main document file and it must not be included the title page items (name of authors and their affiliations, email/airmail addresses, Tel/Fax) to ensure the blind revision. Main document should be started with the title followed by the abstract etc. It should be mentioned that other files containing cover letter, title page, figures (in excel) and tables must be submitted as supplementary files. According to editorial framework, all figures have to be submitted by original format such as excel, SPSS, or any other statistical software.


Should include separate items as below:

1) Title of manuscript

2) A summary of the complete manuscript containing background and bjective, materials and methods, results and conclusion. All of these items should be included as a separate heading within the abstract. The abstract must be factual and comprehensive.

3) The abstract should not be more than 300 words.

4) A maximum of six key words or phrases (in alphabetical order) should be included at the end of the abstract.

Graphical Abstract is a single, concise, pictorial and visual summary of the main findings of the article to captures the content of the article for readers at a single glance. It could either be the concluding figure from the article or a figure that is specially designed for the purpose. For more information click here.

Article Body

Organize the manuscript into seven main headings:

1) Introduction should provide the reader with enough information to understand the objective of the study.

2) Material and Methods should describe the detail of the study, methods, instrument and techniques used, and statistical methods. Ethical considerations should be mentioned here.

3) Results and Discussion Results must describe the findings of the study clearly. Discussion should focus on the findings in your current work and compare the results with other previous studies.

4) Conclusion should describe and summarize the major finding(s) of the study.

5) Acknowledgements may contain all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship e.g. editing help and departmental head that provided general support. Financial support must also be acknowledged and any conflict of interest noted.

6) Conflict of interest

7) References

 Maximum 20 and 40 references for short communication and original research paper/case study, respectively.

 Journal abbreviations source

Journal names should be abbreviated according to:

Web of Science Journal Title Abbreviations: http://images.webofknowledge.com/WOK46/help/WOS/A_abrvjt.html

CAS Source Index (CASSI) Search Tool: http://cassi.cas.org/search.jsp

NLM Catalog: Journals referenced in the NCBI Databases: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nlmcatalog/journals

Citation in text 
Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). All references should be mentioned by ascending numerical format (Vancouver style) in the manuscript. Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either 'Unpublished results' or 'Personal communication'. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication.

Web references 
As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given.

Reference style 
Text: All citations in the text should refer by numerical format (Vancouver style) by the sign of []. For example, "The same results were observed at previous studies [1]."

List: References should be arranged in ascending order. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters 'a', 'b', 'c', etc., placed after the year of publication. 
Reference to a journal publication: 

§ Journals:

[1] Asgary S, Eghbal MJ, Parirokh M, Ghoddusi J, Kheirieh S, Brink F. Comparison of mineral trioxide aggregate's composition with Portland cements and a new endodontic cement. J Endod. 2009;35 (4):243-250.

§ Books Chapter:

Rosenberg PA. Case selection and treatment planning. In: Cohen S, Hargreaves KM. Pathway of the pulp, 9th Edition. St. Louis, CV Mosby, 2006: 80-96.

§ Books:

South J, Blass B. The future of modern genomics. Blackwell, London, 2001: 30-45.

§ Web pages and e-books: (As mentioned above please do not cite Wikipedia/Wikimedia as a reference or source)

Smith W. Qualitative research methods, London, National Centre for Social Research. Available from: http://www.natcen.ac.uk/natcen/pages/hw_qualitative.htm [Accessed 14 August 2006].

§ Legislation:

USDA. ‘Food contact system notification system: final rule’, Federal Register 2002;67 (98), 36582-36596.

Always use the standard abbreviation of a journal’s name according to the ISSN List of Title Word Abbreviations, see

The authors can also see http://www.efm.leeds.ac.uk/~mark/ISIabbr/.

Add DOI to the end of each reference, if it is available:

A digital object identifier (DOI) is a unique alphanumeric string assigned by a registration agency (the International DOI Foundation) to identify content and provide a persistent link to its location on the Internet. The publisher assigns a DOI when your article is published and made available electronically.

All DOI numbers begin with a https://doi.org/10. and contain a prefix and a suffix separated by a slash. The prefix is a unique number of four or more digits assigned to organizations; the suffix is assigned by the publisher and was designed to be flexible with publisher identification standards.

We recommend that when DOIs are available, you include them for both print and electronic sources. The DOI is typically located on the first page of the electronic journal article, near the copyright notice. The DOI can also be found on the database landing page for the article.

9) Figures and Tables should be created/scanned then saved and submitted as either a TIFF or JPEG file. Line art must have a resolution of at least 300 dpi (dots per inch). All scanned images including electronic photographs/radiographs, CT scans, etc., must have a resolution of at least 300 dpi.

Regardless of the application used other than Microsoft Office, when your electronic artwork is finalized, please 'Save as' or convert the images to one of the following formats (note the resolution requirements for line drawings, halftones, and line/halftone combinations given below):
EPS (or PDF): Vector drawings, embed all used fonts.
TIFF (or JPEG): Color or grayscale photographs (halftones), keep to a minimum of 300 dpi.
TIFF (or JPEG): Bitmapped (pure black & white pixels) line drawings, keep to a minimum of 1000 dpi.
TIFF (or JPEG): Combinations bitmapped line/half-tone (color or grayscale), keep to a minimum of 500 dpi.

If fonts (Times New Roman) are used in the artwork, they must be converted to paths or outlines, or they must be embedded in the files. All figure legends should be typed on a separate page. Each table with its legend must be typed double-spaced on a separate page at the end of the manuscript. Tables should not have the vertical lines and horizontal lines within the tables should be removed.

Original separated files for Figures (with at least 300 dpi), chart and Tables are required.

All Figure legends and Tables captions should be unique, so, it should show aim and general information of the study. Avoid using abbreviation in them.  If abbreviated is necessary give complete words as foot notes. Statistical information is needed. 

1. Ensure that display items are self-explanatory (Some readers (and certainly reviewers and journal editors) turn their attention to the tables and figures before they read the entire text, so these display items should be self-contained).

2. Refer, but don’t repeat: Use the text to draw the reader’s attention to the significance and key points of the table/figure, but don’t repeat details. So for example, you could highlight your main finding (e.g., “We found that the treatment was effective in only 24% of the cases, as shown in Figure 1”), but don’t repeat exact values (e.g., “As Table 2 shows, 32% of the subjects chose Option 1, 12% chose Option 2, 10% chose Option 3, and 46% chose Option 4”). This defeats the very purpose (efficiency and clarity) of having a table or figure. 

3. Be consistent:Ensure consistency between values or details in a table (e.g., abbreviations, group names, treatment names) and those in the text.

Style and formatting in Tables: Style base on Simple 1, without inner lines and colored cell. Font; times new roman, 9 un-bold.

Graphs: The charts should be drawn with following characters (excel software would be preferable), Line: 1.25, black, Tickmark: inside, Without chart border. Legends: font; times new roman, 9, un-bold with standard error bars. Without gridline

Color images:

Publication of color illustrations is possible at the editors’ discretion. Color images must be created/scanned then saved and submitted as CMYK files. Authors will be responsible for the cost of color prints.

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).

  2. The submission file is in Microsoft Word document file format (insert an EndNote citation into your paper).

  3. The authors can introduce three peer reviewers by detailes (full name, affiliation, field of study, email, Tel/Fax numbers) as a supplementary file during submission process or in the title page of submitted manuscript. 

Copyright Notice

Agreement Form

A signature of author below certifies compliance with the following statements:

Copyright transfer; in signing this Agreement:

1. I hereby warrant that this article is an original work, has not been published before and is not being considered for publication elsewhere in its final form either in printed or electronic form.

2. I hereby warrant that you have obtained permission from the copyright holder to reproduce in the Article (in all media including print and electronic form) material not owned by you, and that you have acknowledged the source.

3. I hereby warrant that this article contains no violation of any existing copyright, moral rights or other third party right or any material of an obscene, indecent, defamatory or otherwise unlawful nature and that to the best of your knowledge this Article does not infringe the rights of others.

4. I hereby warrant that in the case of a multi-authored Article you have obtained, in writing, authorization to enter into this Agreement on their behalf and that all co-authors have read and agreed the terms of this agreement.

5. I warrant that any formula or dosage given is accurate and will not if properly followed injure any person.

6. I have made a significant scientific contribution to the study and I have read the complete manuscript and take responsibility for the content and completeness of the final surmised manuscript.

7. I will indemnify and keep indemnified the Journal's Editor against all claims and expenses (including legal costs and expenses) arising from any breach of this warranty and the other warranties on your behalf in this Agreement.

Conflict of interest 

Definition: Conflict of interest exists when an author (or the author's institution), reviewer, or editor has financial or personal relationships that inappropriately influence (bias) his or her actions (such relationships are also known as dual commitments, competing interests, or competing loyalties). These relationships vary from those with negligible potential to those with great potential to influence judgment, and not all relationships represent true conflict of interest. The potential for conflict of interest can exist whether or not an individual believes that the relationship affects his or her scientific judgment. Financial relationships (such as employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony) are the most easily identifiable conflicts of interest and the most likely to undermine the credibility of the journal, the authors, and of science itself. However, conflicts can occur for other reasons, such as personal relationships, academic competition, and intellectual passion.

Authors must acknowledge and declare any sources of funding and potential conflicting interest, such as receiving funds or fees by, or holding stocks and shares in, an organization that may profit or lose through publication of your paper. Declaring a competing interest will not lead to automatic rejection of the paper, but we would like to be made aware of it. Questions regarding conflict of interest should be directed to the Editor-in-Chief: k.khosravi@sbmu.ac.ir.

 Privacy Statement: The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose.

Special Issue

In order to better serve our academic community and concentrate on highly interest, special issues of any subjects in science or social science are welcome at any time. A special issue should be organized by accomplished experts in a given area and it should attract articles of the highest quality. Proposals of special issue should include the following information:

1. A suggested title for the Special Issue

2. The journal for which the Special Issue is intended

3. Proposed Aims and Scope with an outline of the Special Issue's intended focus and a list of the topics to be covered

4. Names of Guest Editors who are willing to manage the Special Issue with their emails, affiliations, and an one-paragraph biography of each of the Guest Editors

All proposals should be submitted to special.issues@scirp.org, and they are subjected to approval by the journal editorial board.

Plagiarism Policy
The Editorial Team of the Applied Food Biotechnology takes the necessary measures to examine the submitted manuscripts on their originality. Similarity of submitted manuscript are measured before peer- review process and once again before publication by common plagiarism checker software. As the plagiarism is unacceptable, so, editorial board of the journal establishes the following policies that state-specific actions (penalties) if plagiarism is identified in a manuscript submitted for publication.
Authors should ensure that they submit only entirely original works. "Plagiarism in any forms, including quotations or paraphrasing of substantial parts of another’s article (without attribution), “passing off” another’s article as the author’s own or claiming results from research conducted by others, constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable".
The authors must ensure that the submitted manuscript:
- describes completely the original work;
- is not plagiarism;
- has not been published before in any language;
- the information used or words from other publications are appropriately indicated by reference or indicated in the text.
Existing copyright laws and conventions must be observed. The Applied Food Biotechnology takes responsibility to assist a scientific community in all aspects of publication ethics policy, particularly in case of multiple submission/publication and plagiarism. The editors reserve the right to check the received manuscripts for plagiarism. Textual similarity in the amount of more than 20% is unacceptable.

Preprint Policy

A preprint is a paper that is made available publicly via a community preprint server prior to submission to a journal. Preprint help safety of a manuscript during peer –review process, increase speed of dissemination of knowledge and citation of article after publication.

Applied Food Biotechnology allows for the submission of manuscripts which have already been made available on such a server. Allowing submission does not, of course, guarantee that an article will be sent out for review; it simply reflects a belief that availability on a preprint server should not be a disqualifier for submission.

Applied Food Biotechnology will consider for review articles previously available as preprints. Authors are requested to point to DOI of preprint in first page of manuscript update any pre-publication versions with a link to the final published article. Authors may also post the final published version of the article immediately after publication.