Comparison the effectiveness of Emotion-Focused Couple and Acceptance and Commitment Therapies on Marital Forgiveness in Incompatible Couples
Social Determinants of Health,
Vol. 9 (2023),
1 January 2023
Background: Using effective interventions to reduce incompatibility among couples can play a role in preventing divorce in the family. The present study aimed to compare the effectiveness of emotion-focused couple therapy (EFCT) and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) on forgiveness in incompatible couples.
Methods: The present research is a quasi-experimental study that was done on couples referred to a family therapy clinic in Torbat-e-Jam City. Here, 24 incompatible couples were selected through purposive methods and randomly replaced in three groups. The first and second groups (8 couples in each group) received emotion-focused couples and acceptance and commitment therapies, respectively, and the third group as control (8 couples) did not receive any intervention during the study period. All three groups were evaluated before and after the intervention with a standard questionnaire of Bagarozi forgiveness (2001). Data were analyzed through SPSS software version 20 and covariance analysis.
Results: The findings revealed that both therapies of EFCT and ACT had a meaningful effect on forgiveness (P < 0.001, F = 41.73, and P = 0.031, F = 5.13; respectively); while the results indicated that the two groups under intervention have no significant difference in terms of effectiveness on the variable of forgiveness (P=0.63, F=0.23).
Conclusion: According to the results and effectiveness of the two therapy groups, it is recommended to use a combination of approaches according to the therapeutic goals.
- Acceptance and Commitment Therapy
- Couples Therapy
How to Cite
Saggino A, Martino M, Balsamo M, Carlucci L, Ebisch S, Innamorati M, et al. Compatibility quotient, and its relationship with marital satisfaction and personality traits in Italian married couples. Sexual and Relationship Therapy. 2016;31(1):83-94.
Davidson MM, Lozano NM, Cole BP, Gervais SJ. Relations between intimate partner violence and forgiveness among college women. Journal of interpersonal violence. 2015;30(18):3217-43.
Paleari FG, Regalia C, Fincham F. Marital quality, forgiveness, empathy, and rumination: A longitudinal analysis. Personality and social psychology Bulletin. 2005;31(3):368-78.
McCullough ME, Fincham FD, Tsang J-A. Forgiveness, forbearance, and time: the temporal unfolding of transgression-related interpersonal motivations. Journal of personality and social psychology. 2003;84(3):540.
Pronk TM, Buyukcan-Tetik A, Iliás MM, Finkenauer C. Marriage as a training ground: Examining change in self-control and forgiveness over the first 4 years of marriage. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships. 2019;36(1):109-30.
Mousavi S, Fatehizadeh M, Jazayeri Rs. The effect of couple training based on personality-systemic couple therapy model on marital adjustment. Research in Cognitive and Behavioral Sciences. 2018;7(2):83-106.
Farshchiyan Yazdi M, Bagherzadeh Golmakani Z, Mansouri A. Comparison of the Effectiveness of Emotionally Focused Therapy and Self-Compassion Skills Training on Differentiation of Self and Sexual Intimacy of Women Affected by Marital Infidelity. Razavi International Journal of Medicine. 2021;9(3):34-43.
Farahanifar M, Heidari H, Davodi H, Aleyasin SA. The effect of acceptance and commitment therapy on the conflict resolution styles of incompatible marital women. International Archives of Health Sciences. 2019;6(2):101.
Kashdan TB, Ciarrochi JV. Mindfulness, acceptance, and positive psychology: The seven foundations of well-being: New Harbinger Publications; 2013.
Johnson SM. The practice of emotionally focused couple therapy: Creating connection: Routledge; 2012.
Momeni A, Ramezani K, Mardpour A. Effectiveness of Emotion-Focused Couple Therapy on Improving Optimism and Communication Patterns of Couples Working at State Offices of the Ramhormoz County, Iran. Journal of Occupational Health and Epidemiology. 2020;9(4):231-8.
Zuccarini D, Johnson SM, Dalgleish TL, Makinen JA. Forgiveness and reconciliation in emotionally focused therapy for couples: The client change process and therapist interventions. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy. 2013;39(2):148-62.
Birditt KS, Wan WH, Orbuch TL, Antonucci TC. The development of marital tension: Implications for divorce among married couples. Developmental psychology. 2017;53(10):1995.
Madigan S, Plamondon A, Jenkins JM. Marital conflict trajectories and associations with children's disruptive behavior. Journal of Marriage and Family. 2017;79(2):437-50.
Corey G. Theory and practice of group counseling: Cengage Learning; 2015.
Seddighi A, Safarbeygi S, Mohebbi S, Shahseyah M. A Survey of the relationship between religious orientation and marital adjustment among couples. Religion and Health. 2014;2(1):49-56.
Carey MP, Spector IP, Lantinga LJ, Krauss DJ. Reliability of the dyadic adjustment scale. Psychological Assessment. 1993;5(2):238.
Falahzade H, Sanai Zaker B, Farzad VA. A Study On the Effectiveness of Emotionally Focused Couple Therapy and Integrated Systemic Couple Therapy on reducing Intimacy Anxiety. Journal of Family Research. 2012;8(4):465-84.
Goldfarb JG. The emergence, expression and integration of forgiveness: A psychodynamic exploration and case study: Alliant International University, San Diego; 2005.
Tutu D. Exploring forgiveness: Univ of Wisconsin Press; 1998.
Khodayari Fard M, Ghobari Bonab B, Faghihi AN, Vahdat Torbati S. Forgiveness Treatment with an Emphasis on Islamic Perspective: A Case Study. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology. 2002;8(1):39-48.
Heydarian Far N. Effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) in the Treatment of Distressed Couples. Biannual Journal of Applied Counseling. 2014;4(Vol.4 NO. 1):103-19.
Kavousian J, Haniffi H, Karimi K. The Efficacy of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) on Marital Satisfaction in Couples. Journal of Health and Care. 2017;19(1):75-87.
Worthington Jr EL, Wade NG, Hight TL, Ripley JS, McCullough ME, Berry JW, et al. Religious Commitment Inventory—10. Journal of Counseling Psychology. 2012.
Fani Sobhani F, Ghorban Shiroudi S, Khodabakhshi-Koolaee A. Effect of Two Couple Therapies, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy and Schema Therapy, on Forgiveness and Fear of Intimacy in Conflicting Couples. Practice in Clinical Psychology. 2021;9(4):271-82.
Honarparvaran N. The Efficacy of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) on Forgiveness and Marital Adjustment among Women Damaged by Marital Infidelity. Quarterly Journal of Women and Society. 2014;5(19):135-50.
Etemadi A, Barabadi Ha. The Effectiveness of Emotionally Focused group Couple Therapy on Marital Satisfaction in couples referred to Counseling Center Education District 2 Mashhad. Research in Clinical Psychology and Counseling. 2014;4(1):95-114.
Carroll TD. On the Road to Recovery from Alcohol and Drug Addiction: A Mixed Methods Investigation of Experiences of Self-Forgiveness in Emotion-Focused Therapy: University of South Alabama; 2020.
Ghahari S, Jamil L, Farrokhi N, Davoodi R. Comparing the Effects of Emotion-focused Couple Therapy and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy on Marital Conflict and Emotion Regulation. Practice in Clinical Psychology. 2021;9(2):121-32.
Nemati M, Dokaneheeifard F, Behboodi M. Comparing Effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Emotion-Focused Therapy (EFT) and Combining ACT & EFT in the Spiritual Well-being of Couples Referring to Counseling Centers in Sari: An Experimental Study. Journal of Pizhūhish dar dīn va salāmat. 2020;6(1):87-99.
Zakhirehdari N, Navabinejad S, Koraei A. Comparison of the Effectiveness of Cognitive-Behavioral and Emotion-Focused Couple Therapies on Marital Intimacy of Couples. International Journal of Behavioral Sciences. 2019;13(3):111-7.
- Abstract Viewed: 146 times
- PDF Downloaded: 80 times