Comparison of adolescent mental health in monogamy and polygamy families
Social Determinants of Health,
Vol. 9 (2023),
1 January 2023
Background: Family shapes children's mental health and is a safe environment to ensure their mental health. This study aimed at comparing the mental health of adolescents in monogamy and polygamy families based on maternal psychological, economic, and social variables.
Methods: This is a causal-comparative study, which was carried out on all adolescents aged 14-18 years old in the monogamy and polygamy families of Saravan city in the academic year of 2020-2021 with their mothers. Two hundred forty people were selected by convenience sampling method. Goldberg and Hillier General Health Questionnaire, Ghodrat-Nama Socioeconomic Status Questionnaire, and Drogaits Symptom Check list-90-Revised (SCL-90-R) were used. SPSS-26 was used to analyze the data. The results were analyzed using independent t-test, and multivariate analysis of variance.
Results: The results showed that there was a significant difference between the mental health of adolescents in monogamy and polygamy families (P=0.034). Adolescents in monogamy and polygamy families were significantly different in only one component of mental health which is hostility (P<0.05), but in terms of other components there were no significant differences (P>0.05). Adolescents in polygamy families had lower mental health than children of monogamy families with moderate mental symptoms (P=0.003). Moreover, the high socio-economic status of mothers brought about a significant difference in adolescents' mental health (P=0.020).
Conclusion: According to the results, the mental health and socio-economic status of mothers affect the mental health of adolescents, so comprehensive programs to promote mental health and attention to the socio-economic status of mothers can increase it in adolescents.
- Mental health
- Socio-economic status
How to Cite
Rediy, S., Tefera, B. A Family-Based Behavioral Intervention to enhance Family Communication and Family Cohesion among Siblings in Polygamous Family,2020.
Rahmanian, P., Munawar, K., Mukhtar, F., Choudhry, FR. Prevalence of mental health problems in women in polygamous versus monogamous marriages: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Arch Womens Ment Health, 2021; 24(3): 339-351.
Shamseddin, M., Mardani-Hamooleh., M., Seyedfatemi, N., Ranjbar, M., Haghani, S. Effects of Virtual Life Skills Training on the Performance of the Families of Patients with Chronic Mental Disorders: A Quasi-experimental Study. IJN, 2021; 34 (131): 44-54.
Hizmi, H., Allahverdipour., H, Safaeian, A. Stress and Predicting Factors of Psychological Well-being among Adolescents. TB, 2016; 15 (3): 78-91.
Mohseni, S., Hosseini, SA., Kohki, F., Hosseini,SF., Mirshakari, L. Relationship between frustration, mental health and metacognition with high-risk behaviors in adolescents, 2018; 9(1) :15-25.
Shahraki-Sanavi, F., Ansari-Moghaddam, A., Mohammadi, M., Bakhshani, NM., Salehiniya, H. Effectiveness of school-based mental health programs on mental health among adolescents. Journal of education and health promotion, 2020; 9, 142.
Teymouri fard, A., zarghamhajeb, M., Monirpoo, N. The effectiveness of family strengthening program on increasing adolescents' mental health. refahj, 2022; 22 (84): 51-90.
Zeitzen, MK. Polygamy (Polygyny, Polyandry). The International Encyclopedia of Anthropology, 2018; 1–2.
Etemadi, A., Ebrahimi, J. An analysis of the mental health of children in monogamy and bigamy families. Women in Development & Politics, 2011; 8(4): 5-26.
Vidourek, RA., Burbage, M. Positive mental health and mental health stigma: A qualitative study assessing student attitudes. Mental Health & Prevention, 2019; 13, 1–6.
Khajenouri, B., Dehqani, R. Adolescents' Problems and their Relationship with Family Institution: The Case Study of Parental Conflicts and Adolescents' Mental Health. Biquarterly Journal of Sociology of Social Institutions, 2016; 3(7), 66-37.
Erfani Khanghahi, M., Tayeri, S. Prioritizing Factors Affecting Women's Health and Ways to Promote: Using the Hierarchical Analysis Process. jhosp, 2019; 17(4): 99-102.
Ataei, Z., sadeghi., N., moghimian, M. The effect of group discussion on mother-child conflicts admitted to child psychiatric wards. JPEN, 2021; 7(4): 65-73.
Shah, S., Khan, M. Relationship between Personality Profiles and Parental Acceptance/Rejection of Children of Non-Working Mothers. INSIGHT Journal of Applied Research in Education ISSN 0975-0665, 2016; 21: 9-15.
karimi, N., Soltanizadeh, M. The Role of Family Atmosphere, Mother-Daughter Relationship, Social Skills, and mothers' mental disorders in Predicting Child Abuse of High School Female Students. Knowledge & Research in Applied Psychology, 2022; 22(4): 120-133.
Namani, E., Ghorbani, SA. The Relationship Between Mental Health and The Quality of Life among Abused Children 7 to 12 Years Old: Moderating effect of Perceived Social Support. refahj, 2018; 18 (69): 77-55.
Mirzaei, F., Hossein Khanzadeh, AA, Asghari F, Shakerinia I. The Role of Family Cohesion in Prediction of Aggressive Behaviors of Children. J Child Ment Health, 2015; 2 (2): 73-84.
Huang, S., Hou, J., Sun, L., Dou, D., Liu, X., Zhang, H. The Effects of Objective and Subjective Socioeconomic Status on Subjective Well-Being among Rural-to-Urban Migrants in China: The Moderating Role of Subjective Social Mobility. Frontiers in Psychology, 2017; 8.
Fassbender, I., Leyendecker, B. Socio-Economic Status and Psychological Well-Being in a Sample of Turkish Immigrant Mothers in Germany. Front Psychol, 2018 Oct 4;9: 1586.
Reiss, F., Meyrose, AK., Otto, C., Lampert, T., Klasen, F., Ravens-Sieberer, U. Socioeconomic status, stressful life situations and mental health problems in children and adolescents: Results of the German BELLA cohort-study. PLoS One, 2019 Mar 13;14(3): e0213700.
Elgar, FJ., Pförtner, TK., Moor, I., De Clercq, B., Stevens, GW., Currie, C. Socioeconomic inequalities in adolescent health 2002-2010: a time-series analysis of 34 countries participating in the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study. Lancet, 2015 May 23;385(9982):2088-95.
Dissa, Y. Polygamy in Mali: social and economic implications on families. International Journal of African and Asian Studies, 2016; 27, 99-108.
Delaware, A. Research Methods in Psychology and Educational Sciences. Tehran Fourth Edition: Publication. 2009.
Derogatis, LR. SCL-90-R: Administration, Scoring of Procedures Manual-II for the R (evised) Version and Other Instruments of the Psychopathology Rating Scale Series: Clinical Psychometric Research Incorporated. 1992.
Sereda, Y., Dembitskyi, S. Validity assessment of the symptom checklist SCL-90-R and shortened versions for the general population in Ukraine. BMC psychiatry, 2016; 16(1): 1-11.
Mosavyan, E., Nejati, S. The Investigation of Facial Affect Recognition in People with Psychological Symptoms Based on SCL-90-R Scale. Social Cognition, 2016; 5(1): 113-129.
Akhavan Abiri, F., Shairi, M. Validity and Reliability of Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R) and Brief Symptom Inventory-53 (BSI-53). Clinical Psychology and Personality, 2020; 17(2): 169-195.
Goldberg, DP., & Hillier, VF. A scaled version of the General Health Questionnaire. Psychological Medicine, 1979; 9(01), 139.
karami, K., mardani, A. Relationship between Mental Health and Quality of Life in Pregnant Women. Quarterly Journal of Health Breeze, 2014; 2(1): 10-17.
Naeinian, M., Nikazin, A., Shairi, M. Factor structure, Validity, and Reliability of General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28) in Iranian Adolescents. Clinical Psychology and Personality, 2014; 12(1): 159-172.
Hosseinzehi, E., Sahami, S. The Effect of Social Capital on the Mental Health of Educational Women. Journal of Iranian Social Development Studies, 2018; 10(1): 111-123.
Ghodratnama, A., Heidarinejad, S., davoodi, I. The Relationship between Socio – Economic Status and the Rate of Physical Activity in Shahid Chamran University Students of Ahwaz. Journal of Sport Management, 2013; 5(16): 5-20.
Eslami, A., Mahmoudi, A., Khabiri, M., Najafiyan Razavi, S. The role of socioeconomic conditions in the citizens' motivation for participating in public sports. Applied Research in Sport Management, 2014; 2(3): 89-104.
Al-Sharfi, MA. The Effect of Family Structure on Adolescents in Saudi Arabia: Acomparison between Adolescents from Monogamous and Polygamous Families. Ph. D. Disertation. University of Lincoln, 2017.
Shaiful Bahari, I., Norhayati, MN., Nik Hazlina, NH., Shahirul Aiman, CAAM., Nik Muhammad Arif, NA. Psychological impact of polygamous marriage on women and children: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth, 2021; 21, 823.
Hamdan, S., Auerbach, J., Apter, A. Polygamy and mental health of adolescents. European child & adolescent psychiatry, 2009; 18(12), 755–760.
Owuamanam, DO. Adolescents’ Perception of Polygamous Family and Its Relationship to Self-Concept. International Journal of Psychology,1984; 19(1-4): 593–598.
Al-Krenawi, A., Graham, JR., Slonim-Nevo, V. Mental health aspects of Arab-Israeli adolescents from polygamous versus monogamous families. J Soc Psychol. 2002; 142(4): 446–60.
Al-Krenawi, A., Slonim-Nevo, V. Psychosocial and familial functioning of children from polygynous and monogamous families. J Soc Psychol. 2008;148(6):745–64.
Jafari, A., Samadi Javaheri, M., Hesampour, F. The Comparison of Quality of Mother-Child Relationship and Anger Self-Regulation Skill Between Mothers of Normal and with ADHD Students. Socialworkmag, 2017; 5(4): 13-24.
Al-Krenawi, A., Kanat-Maymon, Y. Psychological Symptomatology, Self-Esteem and Life Satisfactions of Women from Polygamous and Monogamous Marriages in Syria. International Social Work, 2016; 60(1): 196–207.
- Abstract Viewed: 194 times
- PDF Downloaded: 90 times