Effectiveness of applied behavior analysis in the self-help skills and stereotyped behaviors of children with autism spectrum disorder in Isfahan
Social Determinants of Health,
Vol. 3 No. 3 (2017),
Background: Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is applicable for children and adults with different psychological disorders, developmental disabilities, and learning disabilities. The goal of the present study was to examine the effectiveness of ABA in the increase of self-help skills and reduction of stereotyped behaviors of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in Isfahan, Iran.
Methods: this was a quasi-experimental study. The study population included 512 children diagnosed with ASD in Isfahan, Iran during 2015-2016. Using a convenience sampling method, 26 participants were randomly divided into experimental and control groups (13 participants in each group). The study instruments included: the Self-Help Skills Developmental Chart and the Gilliam Autism Rating Scale that were administered at both pretest and posttest. The experimental group received an ABA intervention for 20 sessions (each session: 2 hours) over 3 months. Data analysis was done using IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 22.0.
Results: The results showed that there was a significant difference between autistic children in the experimental and control groups in self-feeding (t=7.01, P=0.01), personal hygiene (t=11.12, P=0.003), mobility impairments and unusual behaviors (t=63.63, P<0.001), verbal and non-verbal behaviors (t=11.58, P<0.001), interaction with people, objects, and situations (t=11.81, P=0.003), and developmental impairments (t=88.28, P<0.001).
Conclusion: The ABA appears to be an effective method for increasing self-help skills and reducing stereotypic behaviors in children with ASD. Educational psychologists can use behavioral activation therapy to treat the learning problems of children with ASD.
- Applied Behavior Analysis
- Autistic Disorder
- Autism Spectrum Disorder
- Developmental Disabilities
- Stereotyped Behavior
How to Cite
Sonuga-Barke EJ, Brandeis D, Cortese S, Daley D, Ferrin M, Holtmann M,et al; European ADHD Guidelines Group. Nonpharmacological interventions for ADHD: systematic review and meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials of dietary and psychological treatments. Am J Psychiatry. 2013;170(3):275-89.
Christensen DL, Baio J, Van Naarden Braun K, Bilder D, Charles J, Constantino JN, et al; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Prevalence and Characteristics of Autism Spectrum Disorder Among Children Aged 8 Years--Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, 11 Sites, United States, 2012. MMWR Surveill Summ. 2016;65(3):1-23.
Wong C, Odom SL, Hume KA, Cox AW, Fettig A, Kucharczyk S, et al. Evidence-Based Practices for Children, Youth, and Young Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Comprehensive Review. J Autism Dev Disord. 2015;45(7):1951-66.
Mohammadzaheri F, Koegel LK, Rezaee M, Rafiee SM. A randomized clinical trial comparison between pivotal response treatment (PRT) and structured applied behavior analysis (ABA) intervention for children with autism. J Autism Dev Disord. 2014;44(11):2769-77.
Bishop-Fitzpatrick L, Minshew NJ, Eack SM. A Systematic Review of Psychosocial Interventions for Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders. J Autism Dev Disord. 2013; 43(3): 687–694.
Mohammadzaheri F, Koegel LK, Rezaei M, Bakhshi E. A Randomized Clinical Trial Comparison Between Pivotal Response Treatment (PRT) and Adult-Driven Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) Intervention on Disruptive Behaviors in Public School Children with Autism. J Autism Dev Disord. 2015;45(9):2899–2907.
Roane HS, Fisher WW, Carr JE. Applied Behavior Analysis as Treatment for Autism Spectrum Disorder. J Pediatr. 2016;175:27-32.
Bradshaw J, Steiner AM, Gengoux G, Koegel LK. Feasibility and effectiveness of very early intervention for infants at-risk for autism spectrum disorder: a systematic review. J Autism Dev Disord. 2015;45(3):778-94.
Lecavalier L, Smith T, Johnson C, Bearss K, Swiezy N, Aman MG, Sukhodolsky DG, Deng Y, Dziura J, Scahill L. Moderators of Parent Training for Disruptive Behaviors in Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. J Abnorm Child Psychol. 2017;45(6):1235-1245.
Moskowitz LJ, Walsh CE, Mulder E, McLaughlin DM, Hajcak G, Carr EG, Zarcone JR. Intervention for Anxiety and Problem Behavior in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Intellectual Disability. J Autism Dev Disord. 2017;47(12):3930-3948.
Samadi SA, McConkey R. The utility of the Gilliam autism rating scale for identifying Iranian children with autism. Disabil Rehabil. 2014;36(6):452-6.
Samadi SA, McConkey R. Screening for Autism in Iranian Preschoolers: Contrasting M-CHAT and a Scale Developed in Iran. J Autism Dev Disord. 2015;45(9):2908-16.
Frank K, Esbensen AJ. Fine motor and self‐care milestones for individuals with Down syndrome using a Retrospective Chart Review. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 2015;59(8):719-29.
Zwaigenbaum L, Bauman ML, Choueiri R, Kasari C, Carter A, Granpeesheh D, Mailloux Z, Smith Roley S, Wagner S, Fein D, Pierce K, Buie T, Davis PA, Newschaffer C, Robins D, Wetherby A, Stone WL, Yirmiya N, Estes A, Hansen RL, McPartland JC, Natowicz MR. Early Intervention for Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder Under 3 Years of Age: Recommendations for Practice and Research. Pediatrics. 2015;136 Suppl 1:S60-81.
Peterson KM, Piazza CC, Luczynski KC, Fisher WW. Virtual-care delivery of applied-behavior-analysis services to children with autism spectrum disorder and related conditions. Behavior Analysis: Research and Practice. 2017;17(4):286.
Welch CD, Polatajko HJ. Applied Behavior Analysis, Autism, and Occupational Therapy: A Search for Understanding. Am J Occup Ther. 2016;70(4):7004360020p1-5.
Bagaiolo LF, Mari JJ, Bordini D, Ribeiro TC, Martone MCC, Caetano SC, Brunoni D, Brentani H, Paula CS. Procedures and compliance of a video modeling applied behavior analysis intervention for Brazilian parents of children with autism spectrum disorders. Autism. 2017;21(5):603-610.
Chang K, Zaroff CM. Applied Behavior Analysis in Autism Spectrum Disorders in China and Hong Kong. Acta Psychopathol. 2017;3(5):52.
Bryson SA, Ostmeyer KF. Increasing the effectiveness of community mental health center social skills groups for children with autism spectrum disorder: a training and consultation example. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2014;41(6):808-21.
Guinchat V, Cravero C, Diaz L, Périsse D, Xavier J, Amiet C, et al. Acute behavioral crises in psychiatric inpatients with autism spectrum disorder (ASD): recognition of concomitant medical or non-ASD psychiatric conditions predicts enhanced improvement. Res Dev Disabil. 2015;38:242-55.
- Abstract Viewed: 1543 times
- PDF Downloaded: 617 times