If authors or audiences find errors in their published article, especially errors that could affect the interpretation of data or reliability of information presented, they should notify the Editorial office by email at tipps@sbmu.ac.ir.

If, after reading the guidance, authors/audiences believe a correction or retraction is necessary for their article, they should contact the journal by email at tipps@sbmu.ac.ir.

All major errors are accompanied by a separate Erratum that provides clear details of the error and the changes that have been made to the article. This Erratum is electronically linked back to the original version. Also, a footnote on the original article displays the electronic link to the Erratum. This correction will be notified in the online issue of the journal.

Minor errors will not be accompanied by a separate Erratum. The corrected file will be replaced instead of the original version and a footnote will be added to the article detailing to the audience that the article has been corrected. Minor errors do not impact the reliability of, or the reader’s understanding of, the scientific content.

Retraction will be considered if there is clear evidence that the findings are unreliable, either as a result of misconduct (e.g. data fabrication or image manipulation) or honest error (e.g. miscalculation or experimental error), or if the findings have previously been published elsewhere (redundant publication or duplicate publication). If any violation of Ethical consideration becomes evident by the Editorial office, the article will be retracted. In these situations, the “Retracted” watermark to the published version of the article will be added.