Epidemiologic Evaluation of Mortality of Children aged 2 to 15 years Referring to the Emergency Department of Imam Khomeini Hospital in Jiroft in 2016-2019
Iranian Journal of Emergency Medicine,
Vol. 9 No. 1 (2022),
Introduction: One of the important indicators of development and health in countries is the child mortality rate. In recent years, the child mortality rate in Iran has decreased; yet, it remains higher than other developing countries. Therefore, this study epidemiologically investigates mortality of children aged 2 - 15 years referring to the emergency department of Imam Khomeini Hospital in Jiroft, Iran, in 2016-2019.
Methods: The present study is a descriptive-analytical cross-sectional study. In this study, 84 cases were reviewed. A researcher referred to the archives of Imam Khomeini Hospital in Jiroft, extracted the information of all deceased patients, and entered them in the checklists, and patients whose files were incomplete were excluded from the study. Lastly, the information was analyzed using SPSS 22 software and descriptive statistics (frequency distribution tables and graphs) and inferential statistics (Chi-square test).
Results: The mean age of the studied children was 7.4 ± 4.8 years. Minimum age was 2 and maximum age was 15 years. The most common causes of death in children were: unintentional accidents with 50 cases (59.5%), non-congenital diseases with 17 cases (20.2%), congenital diseases with 14 cases (16.7%), and, finally, intentional incidents with 3 patients (3.6%). Also, 56 (66.7%) of the children lived in rural areas and 28 children (33.3%) lived in urban regions.
Conclusion: The results illustrated that the most common cause of death among children referring to Imam Khomeini Hospital in Jiroft was unintentional accidents, which is preventable and can be reduced to some extent. Therefore, designing interventions and educating parents and children about the prevention of accidents and raising the awareness of parents about the signs and symptoms of diseases seem necessary for reducing child mortality. In addition, measures should be taken to prevent child mortality through cooperation of all relevant organizations.
- Child, Preschool
How to Cite
Mirzaei M, Naderi Beni M, Fadaei MR, Safarai A. Investigation the mortality rate of children (infants) in west area of Isfahan province from 2006 to 2012. International Journal of Epidemiologic Research. 2016;3(4):371-5.
Mohammadi Y, Karami M, Derakhshanzadeh N. Rural-urban disparity of under-five mortality rate in Iran from 1990 to 2015. Iran J Public Health. 2020;49(4):744.
FathAlizadeh S, Mohammadi P.2018, Epidemiological study of neonatal mortality in Mashhad based on the program of registration and classification of causes of mortality between 2016-2017.https://civilica.com/doc/1117388
Djalalinia S, Moghaddam SS, Peykari N, Kasaeian A, Sheidaei A, Mansouri A, et al. Mortality attributable to excess body mass index in Iran: implementation of the comparative risk assessment methodology. International journal of preventive medicine. 2015;6.
Ministry of Health, Treatment and Medical Education of the Islamic Republic of Iran .www.health.gov.ir/sitep ages/home.aspx.2020
Alavi M . Vice Chancellor for Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Mortality of children under 5 years old, News Community Analysis a,2020, https://www.alef.ir/news/3990325014.html
Rostami M, Mohammadi Y, Jalilian A, Nazparvar B. Modeling spatio-temporal variations of substance abuse mortality in Iran using a log-Gaussian Cox point process. Spatial and spatio-temporal epidemiology. 2017;22:15-25.
Ushie B, Fayehun O, Ugal D. Trends and patterns of under‐5 vaccination in N igeria, 1990–2008: what manner of progress? Child: care, health and development. 2014;40(2):267-74.
Safarpour M, Tiyuri A, Mohamadzade P, Dadjoo M, Hashemy SA, Mohamadzade M, et al. Mortality Rate and Causes of Death in Children Aged 1-59 Months in Northeastern Iran During 2011-2017. J Pediatr Res. 2020;7(1):64-70.
haeri Mehrizi AA, Panahi R, Tavousi M, RostamiR . Investigating Traffic Accidents Leading to Injuries and Deaths in Children and Adolescents: A Review Study. Rahavard Health Magazine , 2019; 4 (2): 25-36.
Izadi N, Shetabi HR, Bakhtiari S, Janatalmakan M, Parabi M, Ahmadi K. The Rate and Causes of Infant Mortaliry in the Hospitals of Kermanshah Province During 2011-2014. Journal of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences. 2016;15(2):129-38.
Tajedini F, Ahmadi SD, Ehdaievand F, Moghimi-Dehkordi B, Farsar AR, Nejad ST. Review of Injuries Leading to Death in Children Aged 1to59 Months in the Area Covered by ShahidBeheshti University of Medical Sciences from March 2011-March 2013, Journal of Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention. 2014; 1 (4): 205-11.9.
Behzadnia S, Shahmohammadi S. Road traffic injuries among Iranian children and adolescents: an epidemiological review. Journal of pediatrics review. 2016;4(1):0-.
Karlsson O, Kim R, Joe W, Subramanian S. Socioeconomic and gender inequalities in neonatal, postneonatal and child mortality in India: a repeated cross-sectional study, 2005–2016. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2019;73(7):660-7.
Azizi H, Mobasheri F, Rastbaf F. The Epidemiological Pattern of Injuries among Children under 15 Years of Age in Fasa in 2013. Journal of Advanced Biomedical Sciences. 2016;6(1):69-78.
Soltani S, Kamali S, Salehi E, Moradi S. A five-year review on death of 1-59 month children due to drowning in Hormozgan province. Journal of injury and violence research. 2019;11(3 Suppl 1).
Okwaraji YB, Cousens S, Berhane Y, Mulholland K, Edmond K. Effect of geographical access to health facilities on child mortality in rural Ethiopia: a community based cross sectional study. Plos one. 2012;7(3):e33564.
Jones R, Kantono EB. Interventional based study to reduce child mortality in rural Uganda. Tropical doctor. 2013;43(3):103-5.
Zhu Y, Zhu X, Deng M, Wei H, Zhang M. Causes of death in hospitalized children younger than 12 years of age in a Chinese hospital: a 10 year study. BMC pediatrics. 2018;18(1):1-7.
- Abstract Viewed: 41 times
- pdf (فارسی) Downloaded: 31 times