Iranian Journal of Child Neurology,
Vol. 13 No. 2 (2019),
4 March 2019
Movement disorders are common neurologic disturbances in childhood. There are two major types movement disorders. Hypokinetic disorders are with paucity of voluntary movements and are very uncommon in pediatric age group. Hyperkinetic movement abnormalities are very common in children and defined as abnormal repetitive involuntary movements. Movement disorders in childhood and even in adolescents are different in etiology, timing, treatment and prognosis versus adulthood movement abnormalities. In this brief article, we reviewed common types of hyperkinetic abnormal movements in children and adolescents with emphasis on etiologies, new classifications and recent treatment strategies.