Journal of Clinical Physiotherapy Research,
Vol. 6 No. 3 (2021),
21 June 2021
Volleyball is one of the most popular sports among the women. Although it doesn’t have collisions but has a lot of injuries. Knee injuries are one of the common types of injuries in volleyball and also ACL injury is one of the injuries that for therapy needs a lot of money and time. This study aims to systematically review the literature and synthesize the evidence for ACL injury focused on the volleyball players. A systematic review of the literature was conducted via searches in PubMed, EBSCO host (Medline Database, Sport Discus) and Science Direct for more than last 10 years (2011 to march 2021) using terms such as "anterior cruciate ligament", "knee injury" and "risk factors for prevention of injuries". Based on the evidences, although the internal and external risk factors for ACL injury have been extensively studied, the biomechanical factors that expose athletes to this injury are still unclear. To answer the specific question of the present study, biomechanical factors associated with ACL injury especially in women's athletes, a comprehensive review of basic and applied studies is necessary. In this paper after explain about ACL injuries extracted from articles, the role and application of ACL, its mechanics and patho-mechanics, has been discussed. Also, occurrences of ACL injury in volleyball ranks among the other sports, athlete/non-athletes, gender and age of players, is divided as well. It is believed that biomechanical and neuromuscular differences in the trunk and lower limbs are the most likely reason for the significant difference in the high prevalence of non-collision ACL injury in women compared to men.