Journal of Clinical Physiotherapy Research 2022-04-17T08:41:03+00:00 Dr. Laleh Joulahi Open Journal Systems <p>The Journal of Clinical Physiotherapy Research (JCPR) is a quarterly publication owned by Physiotherapy Research Center of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences and aims to publish of reporting current regional and international researches in the field of topics relevant to</p> <ul> <li class="show">Physiotherapy (Geriatric, Sports, Musculoskeletal, Cardio, Women &amp; Men Health, Manual Therapy, Electrotherapy, Neurology)</li> <li class="show">Physiotherapy equipment and MSK sonography</li> <li class="show">Physiotherapy aspects (Anatomical, Biomechanical, Physiological)</li> <li class="show">Orthopedics</li> <li class="show">Trauma</li> <li class="show">Musculoskeletal Disorders</li> <li class="show">Sports medicine</li> <li class="show">Orthopedic Abnormalities and Corrective Surgery</li> <li class="show">Prevention, and treatment of movement disorders</li> <li class="show">Fitness Training</li> <li class="show">Behavioral medicine in physiotherapy</li> <li class="show">Physical activity in health promotion and rehabilitation</li> <li class="show">Obesity and other lifestyle disease modifications</li> </ul> <p>The Journal of Clinical Physiotherapy Research welcomes contributions in these fields in the form of original research articles, case reports, letter to the editor, and review articles.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> A Comparison of Kinematic Symmetry of Lower Limbs during Running at Different Speeds 2022-04-11T06:22:19+00:00 Ali fatahi Rozhin Molavian Mehrangiz Salehi Razieh Alizadeh <p><strong>Introduction</strong>: Symmetry and asymmetry of lower limbs are introduced as main critical challenges of human movement. The aim of this study was to compare the kinematic symmetry of lower limbs during running at different speeds. <strong>Material and Methods</strong>: The study was conducted as a quasi-experimental design. Twenty-eight professional runners (aged: 34.75±6.63 years) voluntarily participated in this study. Running at three progressive speeds (2.5, 3.5 and 4.5 m/s) was conducted by each subject on a treadmill while kinematic data were captured at 150 Hz. Peak angle of hip, knee and ankle joints during flexion were derived in the stance phase of running. Independent T-test were performed to examine the symmetry of peak flexion angles of hip, knee and ankle joints during running at different speeds using SPSS ver. 22 (<em>P</em>&lt;0.05). <strong>Results</strong>: Findings showed no significant difference between two limbs in peak flexion angles of lower joints at every speed. <strong>Conclusions</strong>: Symmetry exists in peak flexion angles of lower joints in stance phase during running at the different progressive speeds. Coaches and biomechanists would achieve benefits of kinematic symmetry of lower joints in order to prevent injuries and optimize athletes’ running performance.</p> 2021-09-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Clinical Physiotherapy Research The Effect of a Debilitating Fatigue Session on Shoulder Muscle Strength of Young Bodybuilders 2022-04-17T08:41:03+00:00 Reza Lotfi Seyed Kazem Mousavi Sadati Abdolrasoul Daneshjoo <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> shoulder muscle fatigue in exercise is very common among bodybuilders. Fatigue can lowers the performance quality and seriously damage athletes’ shoulder joints. This study aimed to determine the effect of fatigue on the force of flexor, extensor, elevator, depressor, retractor, and abductor shoulder muscles in young bodybuilders after a session of debilitating fatigue.<strong> Materials and Methods: </strong>In this quasi-experimental study with a pre-test and post-test design, 25 active athletes in the field of bodybuilding (age: 26.12±2.78 years, height: 1.82±0.035 m, weight: 78.92±4.23 kg, BMI: 23.71±1.40 kg / m2, and sport history: 2.96±0.97 years) were selected. Before and after the fatigue, the force of flexor, extensor, elevator, depressor, retractor, and abductor muscles of shoulder was evaluated using a portable tensile-compression tachometer. To analyze the statistical part, the paired samples t-test was used to compare the fatigue protocol. <strong>Results: </strong>The results of the study showed a reprise of debilitating fatigue reduced the force of flexor (<em>P</em>=0.001), extensor (<em>P</em>=0.001), elevator (<em>P</em>=0.001), depressor (<em>P</em>=0.001), retractor (<em>P</em>=0.001), and abductor (<em>P</em>=0.001) of shoulder muscles.<strong> Conclusion: </strong>In general, the results of the present study showed the effect of fatigue on the reduction of flexor, extensor, elevator, depressor, retractor and abductor muscles of the shoulder, and this force decrease can be a factor for reducing performance quality in fatigue conditions and probably increasing the risk of injury in athletes.</p> 2022-04-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Clinical Physiotherapy Research The effect of eight weeks of aerobic exerciseon the biomechanical variables of femoral arteriesinmiddle-aged men following percutaneous coronary intervention 2022-04-17T08:03:40+00:00 atefe mehrafrazi Heydar Sadeghi Mona Eghbal Mostafa Najarian <p><strong>Introduction &amp; Objective: </strong>Atherosclerosis is one of the leading causes of cardiovascular disease&nbsp; and research has shown that regular physical exercise with appropriate intensity and duration It can improve cardiovascular function, especially in patients with atherosclerosis, but little research has been done on the effect of different exercises (aerobic, resistance and strength) on arterial biomechanics (peripheral and central) and there are contradictory results. In addition, few studies have been done on middle-aged people. The main purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of eight weeks of aerobic training on selected variables bilateral femoral artery biomechanics in middle-aged men, three to seven days after coronary angioplasty. <strong>Methodology:</strong> Thirty patients with coronary angioplasty who underwent coronary angioplasty, ranging in age from 45 to 60 years, were randomly selected from the patients referred to the Rehabilitation Clinic of Tehran Cardiac Center. Arterial resting lumen diameter(LD) in systolic and diastolic phases and intima-medial thickness(IMT) of bilateral femoral artery, compliance and ratio of intima-media thickness to lumen diameter(IMT/LD) were measured before and after exercise. The aerobic exercise program was performed for eight weeks and three sessions per week, each session lasting 40 minutes on three devices: treadmills, an arm ergometer and a workhorse, for each patient. In this study, analysis of covariance tests at the significance level of 0.05, paired t-test and Will Coxon test were used. <strong>Results:</strong> The results showed that aerobic exercise on selected variables of vascular biomechanics [resting lumen diameter in systolic and diastolic phase] , Was confirmed at the significance level of 0.05 and Although the effect of aerobic exercise was not significant in some variables of vascular biomechanics [compliance and ratio of intima-media thickness to lumen diameter] . in some angioplasty patients; But in general, all variables have improved in order to improve and reach the norm of normal people. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> The present study concluded that aerobic exercise improves the biomechanical condition of the arteries and suggests that performing consistent exercises having is of paramount importance in heart patients to prevent further heart attacksheart patients.</p> 2022-04-11T06:25:43+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Clinical Physiotherapy Research Asymmetrical bilateral traumatic hip dislocation with posterior column acetabulum fracture, report of a rare case 2022-04-11T06:22:19+00:00 mohsen latifpoor Mohammad mahdi omidian mohammad mehdi sarzaeem alireza manafi rasi shahram sayyadi <p>Bilateral asymmetric hip dislocations are rare in comparison to unilateral dislocations. We present the case of a 20-year-old man who suffered from asymmetrical bilateral hip dislocation, anterior dislocation on the left, and posterior dislocation of acetabulum fracture on the right. In the operating room, all hip dislocations were manually decreased, and skeletal traction was used due to weakness on the right side. A week later, an open reduction and internal fixing were applied to the posterior&nbsp;wall and column fracturing of the right acetabulum</p> 2021-10-27T09:22:16+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Clinical Physiotherapy Research A Rare Cause of Elbow Pain, Osteoid Osteoma of The Coronoid Process of The Ulna: Report of a Case 2022-04-11T06:23:46+00:00 hasan barati Alireza Manafi Rasi Mojtaba Baroutkoub Masoud moqaddam reza tavakoli darestani <p>Osteoid osteoma is a moderately common bone lesion, accounting for 10-12% of benign bone tumors (1, 2).</p> <p>It primarily affects young people in their first two decades of life, with the majority of cases occurring between the ages of 5 and 30 (3). Men are 2-4 times more likely to be affected than women (4).</p> <p>The tumor can develop in almost any bone in the body; however, in more than 70% of cases, the long bones are the source of the tumor, with the femur and tibia being the most frequently affected (50-60%). The diaphysis or metaphysics of long bones are the most common sites for osteoid osteomas. With a frequency of around 10-13%, epiphyseal and intra-articular locations are deemed rare, with the hip being the most common site (4-7). Other less impacted areas include the ankle, elbow, wrist, and knee. When a lesion develops at the extremity of long bones, near or inside the joint, in a bone confined by the capsule, very close to it, and to the synovia, it is classified as intra-articular (3).</p> <p>This condition's etiology remains unclear and the incidence of a familial occurrence is exceptionally unlikely. Cytogenetic modifications such as the deletion of chromosome 22q have been identified in cases of osteoid osteoma, although further research is needed to definitively relate this individual to a clonal mutation (8, 9).</p> 2022-04-11T06:23:45+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Clinical Physiotherapy Research