Three planar Symmetry of Hip, Knee and Ankle Joints’ moments during Running Three planar Symmetry of Hip, Knee and Ankle Joints’ moments during Running
Journal of Clinical Physiotherapy Research,
Vol. 6 No. 3 (2021),
21 June 2021
Aim and background: Symmetry and asymmetry are introduced as main critical challenges of human movement. The aim of this study was to investigate three planar symmetry of Hip, Knee and ankle joint’s moments during. Methods: 28 regular runner (age: 34.75±6.63year) participated in this study voluntarily. Running at constant speed was conducted by each subject at 2/5 m.s-1 on treadmill while kinematic and kinetic data were captures at 150 Hz and 300 Hz, respectively. The internal joint moments in each plane were represented in the joint-coordinate system and were calculated using a standard inverse-dynamics approach and were normalized by the subject’s body mass as well as running cycle over 101 time points. The homogeneity of variances assumptions of the dependent variables were tested using the Leven’s test. Independent t tests were conducted to examine the symmetry of hip, knee and ankle moments during running using SPSS ver. 22 (p<0.05). Results: results of the independent t test showed no significant difference between peak moments of lower joints in every three plane. Highest value of the peak moments in sagittal, frontal and transvers plane were derived in (knee, ankle, Hip), (hip, knee, ankle) and (knee, ankle, hip) respectively. Conclusion: symmetry exists in lower joints three planar moments during running at the constant speed. According to the results dominant and non- dominant lower joints play propulsive and absorbent roles cooperatively.
How to Cite
2. Kobayashi H, Kakihana W, Kimura T. Combined effects of age and gender on gait symmetry and regularity assessed by autocorrelation of trunk acceleration. Journal of neuroengineering and rehabilitation. 2014;11(1):109.
3. Kobsar D, Olson C, Paranjape R, Hadjistavropoulos T, Barden JM. Evaluation of age-related differences in the stride-to-stride fluctuations, regularity and symmetry of gait using a waist-mounted tri-axial accelerometer. Gait & posture. 2014;39(1):553-7.
4. Diop M, Rahmani A, Belli A, Gautheron V, Geyssant A, Cottalorda J. Influence of speed variation and age on the asymmetry of ground reaction forces and stride parameters of normal gait in children. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics B. 2004;13(5):308-14.
5. Hesse S, Werner C, Seibel H, von Frankenberg S, Kappel E-M, Kirker S, et al. Treadmill training with partial body-weight support after total hip arthroplasty: a randomized controlled trial. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation. 2003;84(12):1767-73.
6. Patterson KK, Nadkarni NK, Black SE, McIlroy WE. Gait symmetry and velocity differ in their relationship to age. Gait & posture. 2012;35(4):590-4.
7. Sadeghi H. Local or global asymmetry in gait of people without impairments. Gait & posture. 2003;17(3):197-204.
8. Sadeghi H, Allard P, Duhaime M. Functional gait asymmetry in able-bodied subjects. Human Movement Science. 1997;16(2-3):243-58.
9. Goble D, Marino G, Potvin J. The influence of horizontal velocity on interlimb symmetry in normal walking. Human movement science. 2003;22(3):271-83.
10. Rumpf MC, Cronin JB, Mohamad IN, Mohamad S, Oliver JL, Hughes MG. Kinetic asymmetries during running in male youth. Physical Therapy in Sport. 2014;15(1):53-7.
11. Rapp W, Brauner T, Weber L, Grau S, Mündermann A, Horstmann T. Improvement of walking speed and gait symmetry in older patients after hip arthroplasty: a prospective cohort study. BMC musculoskeletal disorders. 2015;16(1):291.
12. Agrawal V, Gailey R, O’Toole C, Gaunaurd I, Finnieston A. Influence of gait training and prosthetic foot category on external work symmetry during unilateral transtibial amputee gait. Prosthetics and orthotics international. 2013;37(5):396-403.
13. Dingwell J, Davis B, Frazder D. Use of an instrumented treadmill for real-time gait symmetry evaluation and feedback in normal and trans-tibial amputee subjects. Prosthetics and orthotics international. 1996;20(2):101-10.
14. Zifchock RA, Davis I, Hamill J. Kinetic asymmetry in female runners with and without retrospective tibial stress fractures. Journal of biomechanics. 2006;39(15):2792-7.
15. Carpes FP, Diefenthaeler F, Bini RR, Stefanyshyn D, Faria IE, Mota CB. Does leg preference affect muscle activation and efficiency? Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology. 2010;20(6):1230-6.
16. Seminati E, Nardello F, Zamparo P, Ardigò LP, Faccioli N, Minetti AE. Anatomically asymmetrical runners move more asymmetrically at the same metabolic cost. PloS one. 2013;8(9):e74134.
17. Lee JB, Sutter KJ, Askew CD, Burkett BJ. Identifying symmetry in running gait using a single inertial sensor. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 2010;13(5):559-63.
18. Mizrahi J, Verbitsky O, Isakov E, Daily D. Effect of fatigue on leg kinematics and impact acceleration in long distance running. Human movement science. 2000;19(2):139-51.
19. Mahon CE, Farris DJ, Sawicki GS, Lewek MD. Individual limb mechanical analysis of gait following stroke. Journal of Biomechanics. 2015;48(6):984-9.
20. Hopker JG, O'Grady C, Pageaux B. Prolonged constant load cycling exercise is associated with reduced gross efficiency and increased muscle oxygen uptake. Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports. 2017;27(4):408-17.
21. Stefanyshyn DJ, Stergiou P, Lun VM, Meeuwisse WH, Worobets JT. Knee angular impulse as a predictor of patellofemoral pain in runners. The American journal of sports medicine. 2006;34(11):1844-51.
22. Thelen DG, Chumanov ES, Hoerth DM, Best TM, Swanson SC, Li L, et al. Hamstring muscle kinematics during treadmill sprinting. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2005;37(1):108-14.
23. Morin J-B, Slawinski J, Dorel S, Couturier A, Samozino P, Brughelli M, et al. Acceleration capability in elite sprinters and ground impulse: push more, brake less? Journal of biomechanics. 2015;48(12):3149-54.
24. Hendrickson J, Patterson KK, Inness EL, McIlroy WE, Mansfield A. Relationship between asymmetry of quiet standing balance control and walking post-stroke. Gait & Posture. 2014;39(1):177-81.
25. Chester VL, Calhoun M. Gait symmetry in children with autism. Autism research and treatment. 2012;2012.
26. Hunter JP, Marshall RN, McNair P. Reliability of biomechanical variables of sprint running. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 2004;36(5):850-61.
27. Lee D-c, Brellenthin AG, Thompson PD, Sui X, Lee I-M, Lavie CJ. Running as a key lifestyle medicine for longevity. Progress in cardiovascular diseases. 2017;60(1):45-55.
- Abstract Viewed: 53 times