Triple R adheres to international standards to prevent scientific misconduct, including fabrication, falsification, and plagiarism. Any suspected violations will be carefully evaluated, and actions will be taken following Core Practices and flowcharts regulated by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines.

Citation and Plagiarism: Authors must properly cite all sources of ideas, words, and materials used in their papers. Extracted sentences should be cited correctly and either placed in quotation marks or paraphrased accurately. Manuscripts must be free of plagiarism and include appropriate references to related literature.

Data Integrity: Falsification involves altering or omitting research materials, data, or processes, while fabrication entails inventing data or results. Both practices are fraudulent and compromise research integrity. Articles must be based on genuine data, and the use of falsified or fabricated data is strictly prohibited.

Image Manipulation: Authors are encouraged to submit original images. All digital images in accepted manuscripts will be scrutinized for inappropriate manipulation. No specific feature of an image should be enhanced, obscured, moved, removed, or introduced. Adjustments to brightness, contrast, or color balance are acceptable if applied to the entire image and do not distort original information, including the background. Editors may request original data to verify suspected manipulation.

Confidentiality: We keep readers' information private and confidential, not sharing it with third parties. Names and email addresses provided on the journal site are used solely for journal purposes and will not be disclosed for any other use.

Publication and Author Responsibilities:

  • Authors must confirm that informed consent was obtained from all human participants, and minors' guardians, if applicable.
  • The approving institutional review board's name must be stated.
  • Authors must indicate compliance with NIH guidelines or their institution's guidelines for the humane use of laboratory animals.
  • Authors must disclose funding sources and any potential conflicts of interest, such as financial interests in organizations that might be affected by the publication. Declaring a competing interest does not result in automatic rejection but must be disclosed.
  • Authors certify that the manuscript has not been published or is under consideration elsewhere in any language, except as noted in the cover letter, and any prior presentations of the paper are mentioned in the cover letter.
  • Authors should avoid redundant or multiple publications.
  • An "Ethical Approval Code" is required for all studies involving humans, medical records, or human samples.
  • Upon publication, authors agree that Triple R holds the copyright to the material. Users may copy, distribute, and display the work for noncommercial purposes with proper attribution.
  • Authors may reuse their material in presentations and subsequent publications they author or edit, provided that Triple R is notified in writing and acknowledged as the original publication.

Responsibility for Reviewers:

  • Reviews should be objective and constructive.
  • Reviewers should have no conflicts of interest.
  • Reviewers should highlight relevant published work not yet cited.
  • Reviewed articles should be kept confidential.
  • Reviewers advise, but the Editor-in-Chief makes the final decision.
  • Reviewers should provide constructive feedback to improve the article.
  • Reviewers are encouraged to follow COPE's ethical guidelines for peer reviewers.

Editorial Responsibilities:

  • The Editor-in-Chief has the final authority to accept or reject an article.
  • The Editor should have no conflicts of interest.
  • The journal maintains editorial freedom and independence.
  • The Editor-in-Chief is always ready to publish corrections.




We treat our readers' information as confidential and will not share it with third parties. The names and email addresses collected on this site are used solely for the journal’s purposes and are not shared for any other reason.

Confidentiality: Manuscripts are handled with strict confidentiality during the review process, protecting the identities of both reviewers and authors in accordance with COPE guidelines.

Data Handling: Personal data is managed securely and transparently, and used only for communication and publication purposes.

Compliance: The journal follows international data protection regulations and COPE principles to maintain the privacy of all involved parties.