Clinical Spectrum of Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections in Children Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections in Children
Journal of Pediatric Nephrology,
Vol. 10 No. 4 (2022),
15 Esfand 2023
Background and Aim: Urinary tract infection (UTI), is a common bacterial infection in
pediatric group, can be easily diagnosed, but its recurrence can indicate underlying serious
anatomical defects of the urogenital tract, leading to acute morbidity and chronic medical
condition, such as hypertension and renal insufficiency.
Objective: To know the clinical spectrum and the frequency of recurrent UTI among children
visiting our hospital.
Methods: This prospective study was conducted during the period from April 2020 to March
2021, in the department of pediatrics and pediatric nephrology, Governmental Medical
College, Srinagar. All children aged between 6 months to 18 years presenting with a history
of recurrent urinary tract were included in the study. A detailed history, relevant clinical
examination, and the ultrasonography of kidney ureters and bladder (USG KUB) followed
by voiding cystourethrography (VCUG), were carried out and subsequently analyzed.
Results: A total of 38 patients with recurrent UTI were evaluated during one year. The
commonest age group was 6 months to 2 years (68%), with female preponderance (F: M
3.2:1). Urine culture grew E. coli in 95% of patients, while USG abnormalities and the
presence of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) on voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) were seen
in 14 patients (36%).
Conclusion: Recurrent UTI are common between 6 months to 2 years, and E coli is the most
common cause. Children with the past history of UTI seem more predisposed to have another
- Urine culture
- Urinary tract infection (UTI)
- Vesicoureteral reflux
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