Predicting Mental Well-being Based on Personality Dimensions and Emotional Intelligence Mediated Treatment Adherencein Diabetic Patients
International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences,
Vol. 8 No. 3 (2021),
Introduction: One of the biggest challenges of the 21st century for health systems around the world is the increasing burden of chronic diseases such as diabetes. Accordingly, the aim of the present study was to predict mental well-being based on personality dimensions and emotional intelligence mediated by adherence to treatment in diabetic patients.Methods: This research is a descriptive-correlational type, which has been analyzed using multivariate regression method. The statistical population of this study included all diabetic patients aged 30 to 60 years, who in the third quarter of the year 2019 referred to the office of endocrinologists, kidney and internal medicine specialist in 5 areas (north-south-center-east-west) of Tehran Municipality. Out of 714 people who referred to these centers, 267 people were selected as the sample by targeted sampling method and answered the Reef psychological well-being questionnaire, neo personality dimensions, shot emotional intelligence and following Modanlu treatment. SPSS software was used to analyze the statistical data. Results: The results of multivariate regression showed that 70% of the variance of psychological well-being in diabetic patients is explained by the variables of neuroticism, emotional intelligence, conscientiousness and extraversion, while the variables of openness to experience, pleasantness and adherence to psychotherapy did not have significant relation with psychological well-being.Conclusion: The results of this study, which are largely consistent with other research findings, indicate that high levels of emotional intelligence, conscientiousness and extraversion, and low levels of neuroticism increase the psychological well-being of diabetic patients.
- Mental well-being, Personality dimensions, Emotional intelligence, Adherence to treatment, Diabetes
How to Cite
Peytremann-Bridevaux I, Ebert ST, Senn N. Involvement of family physicians in structured programs for chronic diseases or multi-morbidity in Switzerlan. European Journal of Internal Medicine.2015 Mar;26(2):150-151. Available from: doi: 10.1016/j.ejim.2015.01.007.
International Diabetes Federation. Diabetes. 2012. Available from: http://www.idf.org/diabetesatlas/5e/diabetes.
Ogurtsova K, da Rocha Fernandes JD, Huang Y, Linnenkamp U, Guariguata L, Cho NH, Cavan D, Shaw JE, Makaroff LE. IDF Diabetes Atlas: Global estimates for the prevalence of diabetes for 2015 and 2040. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2017 Jun;128:40-50. Available from: doi: 10.1016/j.diabres.2017.03.024.
World Health Organization. Global report on diseases .2016. Geneva, Switzerland.
Misra A, Sattar N, Tandon N, Shrivastava U, Vikram NK, Khunti K, Hills AP. Clinical management of type 2 diabetes in south Asia. The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology.2018; 71(7), 850-857. Available from: doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/s2213-8587(18)30199-2
Hills AP, Arena R, Khunti K, Yajnik CS, Jayawardena R, Henry CJ, Street SJ, Soares MJ, Misra A. Epidemiology and determinants of type 2 diabetes in south Asia. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol. 2018 Dec;6(12):966-978. Available from: doi: 10.1016/S2213-8587(18)30204-3.
Pustilnik, S. Adapting Well-Being into Outpatient Child Psychiatry, Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 2019; Volume 28, Issue 2, Pages 221-235, Available from:
Robinson DJ, Coons M, Haensel H, Vallis M, Yale JF. Diabetes and Mental Health. Can J Diabetes. 2018 Apr;42 Suppl 1:S130S141.doi:10.1016/j.jcjd.2017.10.031.
Silva JA, Souza ECF, Echazú Böschemeier AG. et al. Diagnosis of diabetes mellitus and living with a chronic condition: participatory study. BMC Public Health. 18, 699 (2018). Available from: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-5637-9
Massey Ch N, Feig EH, Duque-Serrano L, Wexler D, Tedlie J, Huffman J. Well-being interventions for individuals with diabetes: A systematic review. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice.Volume 147, January 2019; Pages 118-133. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2018.11.014.
Boehm JK, Trudel-Fitzgerald C, Kivimaki M, Kubzansky LD. The prospective association between positive psychological well-being and diabetes. Health Psychol. 2015 Oct;34(10):1013-21. Available from: doi: 10.1037/hea0000200. Epub 2015 Jan 19.
Huhtala M, Kaptein M, Feldt T. How perceived changes in the ethical culture of organizations influence the well-being of managers: a two-year longitudinal study. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology.2015; 25 (3), 335-352. Available from: doi:10.1080/1359432X.2015.1068761.
Macía P, Gorbeña S, Gómez A, Barranco M, Iraurgi I. Role of neuroticism and extraversion in the emotional health of people with cancer. Heliyon. 2020 Jul 3;6(7):e04281. Available from: doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e04281.
Margolis S, Stapley AL, Lyubomirsky S. The association between Extraversion and well-being is limited to one facet. J Pers. 2020 Jun;88(3):478-484. Available from: doi: 10.1111/jopy.12504. Epub 2019 Sep 6.
Anglim J, Horwood S, Smillie L, Marrero R, Wood J Predicting Psychological and Subjective Well-Being From Personality: A Meta-Analysis. Psychological Bulletin. 2020; 146(4): 279-323. Available from: doi:10.1037/bul0000226.
Baumert A, Schmitt M, Perugnin M. Towards an explanatory personality psychology: Integrating personality structure, personality process, and personality development. Personality and Individual Differences, 147 (2019) 18–27. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2019.04.016
Goldberg LR. The development of markers for the Big-Five factor structure. Psychological Assessment. 1992; 4, 26- 42.
Wiggins JS, Pincus AL. Personality: Structure and assessment. Annual Review of Psychology. 1992; 43, 473-504.
Digman JM. Personality Structure: Emergence of the Five-Factor Model. Annual Review of Psychology. 1990. 41, 417-440.
Löckenhoff CE, Duberstein PR, Friedman B, Costa PT Jr. Five-factor personality traits and subjective health among caregivers: the role of caregiver strain and self-efficacy. Psychol Aging. 2011 Sep;26(3):592-604. Available from: doi: 10.1037/a0022209.
Axelsson M, Brink E, Lundgren J, Lötvall J. The influence of personality traits on reported adherence to medication in individuals with chronic disease: an epidemiological study in West Sweden. PLoS One. 2011 Mar 28;6(3):e18241. Available from doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0018241.
K. M. Deneve and H. Cooper.“The Happy Personality : A Meta-Analysis of 137 Personality Traits and Subjective Well-Being,”. 1998; vol. 124, no. 2, pp. 197–229.
Abdullahi AM, Rita O, Rabiu AM, Abdullahi AK. Personality and Subjective Well-Being: Towards Personalized Persuasive Interventions for Health and Well-Being. Online J Public Health Inform. 2020; 12(1): e1. Available from: doi: 10.5210/ojphi.v12i1.10335.
Francis LJ. Happiness is a thing called stable extraversion: a further examination of the relationship between the Oxford happiness Inventory and Eysenck's dimensional model of personality and goals. Personality and Individual Differences.1999; pp, 26, 5-11. Available from: doi:10.1016/S0191-8869(98)00185-8.
Arabzadeh Baniasadi R, Rahmati A. Perceived Social Support from Family as a Mediator between Personality Dimensions and Psychological Well-Being among School Counselors. QJFR. 2015; 12 (3) :33-50. Available from: http://qjfr.ir/article-1-45-fa.html
Avsec A, Masnec P, Komidar L. Personality traits and emotional intelligence as predictors of teachers' psychological well-being. Psihološka Obzorja / Horizons of Psychology. 2009; 18(3), 73–86.
Abbasabad Arabi H, Bastani F, Navab E, Haghani H. Investigating Quality of Life and its Relationship with Emotional Intelligence (EQ) in Elderly with Diabetes. IJPCP. 2015; 21 (3) :215-224. Available from: http://ijpcp.iums.ac.ir/article-1-2473-fa.html.
Benzo R, Kirsch J, Dulohery M, Abascal B. Emotional Intelligence: A Novel Outcome Associated with Wellbeing and Self-Management in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Annals of the American Thoracic Society. 2015; 18, 3, 73-86 (2009). Available from: Doi:10.1513/AnnalsATS.201508-490OC.
Schinckus L, Avalosse H, Van den Broucke S, Mikolajczak M. The role of trait emotional intelligence in diabetes self-management behaviors: The mediating effect of diabetes-related distress. Personality and Individual Differences. 2018; 131, 124–131. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2018.03.028.
Killgore WDS, Sonis LA, Rosso IM, Rauch SL. Emotional intelligence partially mediates the association between anxiety sensitivity and anxiety symptoms. Psychological Reports. 2016;118(1),23–40.Available from: https://doi.org/10.1177/0033294115625563.
Gomez-Baya D, Mendoza R, Paino S, de Matos MG. Perceived emotional intelligence as a predictor of depressive symptoms during mid-adolescence: A two-year longitudinal study on gender differences. Personality and Individual Differences.2017; 104, 303–312. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2016.08.022.
Lloyd SJ, Malek-Ahmadi M, Barclay K, Fernandez MR, Chartrand MS. Emotional intelligence (EI) as a predictor of depression status in older adults. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics. 2012; 55(3), 570–573. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2012.06.004.
Armstrong AR, Galligan RF, Critchley CR. Emotional intelligence and psychological resilience to negative life events. Personality and Individual Differences. 2011; 51(3), 331–336. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2011.03.025.
Minet L, Mohler S, Vach W, Wagner L, Henriksen J. Mediating the effect of self-care management intervention in type 2 diabetes: A meta-analysis of 47 randomized controlled trials. Patient Educ Couns. 2010; 80(1): 29-41.
Trindade A, Duarte J, Ferreira C, Coutinho M, Pinto-Gouveia J. The impact of illness‐related shame on psychological health and social relationships: Testing a mediational model in students with chronic illness. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy. 2018; 25(3): 408-414. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1002/cpp.2175.
Schinckus L, Avalosse H, Broucke SVD, Mikolajczak M. The role of trait emotional intelligence in diabetes self-management behaviors: The mediating effect of diabetes-related distress. Personality and Individual Differences. 2018; 131 (2018) 124–131. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2018.03.028
Kalra S, Jena BN, Yeravdekar, R. (2018). Emotional and Psychological Needs of People with Diabetes. Indian J Endocrinol Metab. 2018 Sep-Oct;22(5):696-704. Available from doi:10.4103/ijem.IJEM_579_17. Review.
Kalra S, Sridhar GR, Balhara YP, Sahay RK, Bantwal G, Baruah MP, et al. National recommendations: Psychosocial management of diabetes in India. Indian J Endocrinol Metab. 2013; May-Jun; 17(3): 376–395. Available from: doi: 10.4103/2230-8210.111608
Alexander TV, Albert K, Jakub M, Gabriela J. The Big Five and adolescent adjustment: An empirical test across six Cultures. Personality and Individual Differences. 2015; 83, pp, 234-244. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137439963_6.
Salavera C, Usán P, Teruel P, Antoñanzas JL. Eudaimonic Well-Being in Adolescents: The Role of Trait Emotional Intelligence and Personality. Sustainability 2020, 12, 2742. Available from: https://doi.org/10.3390/su12072742.
Huhtala M, Kaptein M, Feldt T. How perceived changes in the ethical culture of organizations influence the well-being of managers: a two-year longitudinal study. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology. 2016; 25 (3), pp, 335-352. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1080/1359432X.2015.1068761
Sobol-Kwapinska M. Calm down—It's only neuroticism. Time perspectives as moderators and mediators of the relationship between neuroticism and well-being. Personality and Individual Differences. 2016; 94, 64–71. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2016.01.004.
Wood AM, Joseph S, Maltby J. Gratitude predicts psychological well-being above the Big Five facets. Personality and Individual Differences. 2009; 46(4), pp, 443-47.
rahimi S, Hajloo N, basharpoor S. The prediction model of psychological well-being students based on the Personality traits with the mediation of mindfulness. RJMS. 2019; 26 (3) :67-78. Available from:
URL: http://rjms.iums.ac.ir/article-1-5556-en.html [In Persian]
Malkoc A. Big five personality traits and coping style predict subjective wellbeing. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2011; 12, pp, 577-581.
Momeni KH, Hossini H, Akbari M, Katami S. The role of personality traits and resiliency in perdiction of nurses psychological well-being. J Behav Sci. 2014; 7(4):307-313. [In Persian]
Augusto Landa JM, Martos MP, Lopez-Zafra E. Emotional intelligence and personality traits as predictors of psychological well-being in Spanish undergraduates. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal. 2010; 38(6), 783-794.
Hicks RE & Mehta Y. The Big Five, Type A Personality, and Psychological Well-Being. International Journal of Psychological Studies, 2018;10(1), 49-58. Available from: https://doi.org/10.5539/ijps.v10n1p49
Ahmadpour M, Borjali A, Eskandari H, Farrokhi NA. Develop and test the psychological well-being model of individuals based on personality components mediated by ethnic identity in the effort. Clinical Psychology and Personality (Behavior Scholar). 1397 [cited 2021April04]; 16 (1): 105-118. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/fa/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=508937. [In Persian]
Chang HJ, Chen WX, Lin ECL, Tung YY, Fetzer S, Lin MF. Delay in seeking medical evaluations and predictors of self-efficacy among women with newly diagnosed breast cancer: a longitudinal study. Int. J. Nurs. Stud. 2014; 51, 1036–1047. Available from: DOI: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2013.10.024
Hulbert-Williams N, Neal R, Morrison V, Hood K, Wilkinson C. Anxietyand quality of life after cancer diagnosis: what psychosocial variables best predict how patients adjust?. Psycho Oncol. 2012;
Perry LM, Hoerger M, Silberstein J, Sartor O, Duberstein P. Understanding the distressed prostate cancer patient: Role of personality. Psychooncology. 2018 Mar;27(3):810-816. Available from: doi: 10.1002/pon.4579. Epub 2017 Dec 7.
Krok JL, Baker TA. The influence of personality on reported pain and self-efficacy for pain management in older cancer patients. J Health Psychol. 2014 Oct;19(10):1261-70. Available from: doi: 10.1177/1359105313488976.
Luchetti M, Barkley JM, Stephan Y, Terracciano A, Sutin AR. Five-factor model personality traits and conscientious individuals live longer? A quantitative review. Health Psychology. 2008; 27(5), 505–512. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1037/0278-622.214.171.1245.
- Abstract Viewed: 95 times
- PdF Downloaded: 71 times