A Qualitative Study on theConcept of Healthy Lifestyle and Factors Affecting the Dormitory Students' Lifestyle of Shahid Beheshti University
International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences,
Vol. 8 No. 3 (2021),
Introduction: Healthy lifestyle can play a significant role in the health and quality of students' life. The purpose of this study was to investigate the concept of healthy lifestyle among students living in dormitories and factors affecting their lifestyle.Methods: This qualitative exploratory study was conducted as a semi-structured interview with 18 female students residing in the dormitory of Shahid Beheshti University. These students were selected through purposive sampling. Interviews were analyzed in four contexts: the concept of healthy lifestyles, examining students' lifestyles, evaluating their lifestyles, and factors affecting their lifestyles. Content analysis was used to analyze the data.Results: The results showed that there are two distinct areas regarding the concept of a healthy lifestyle from the students' perspective: first, the dimensions that the healthy lifestyle contains and second, the principles on which a healthy lifestyle should be based. There were also five groups of factors affecting students' lifestyles: avoidance of family (e.g. independence), internal factors (e.g. individual characteristics), university and dormitory conditions (e.g. time), relationships (e.g. Roommate), macro factors (e.g. social, economic).Conclusion: According to the results, it seems that the educational and cultural authorities of the universities need to pay more attention to the lifestyle of the students.
- Dormitory Students' Lifestyle, Healthy Factors, University Students
How to Cite
Deforche B, Van Dyck D, Deliens T, De Bourdeaudhuij I. Changes in weight, physical activity, sedentary behaviour and dietary intake during the transition to higher education: a prospective study. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2015;12(1):1–10.
Ribeiro ÍJ,Pereira R, Freire IV, de Oliveira BG, Casotti CA, Boery EN. Stress and quality of life among university students: A systematic iterature review. Health Prof Educ. 2018;4(2):70–7.
Robinson N, Andrews S, Yoder BE. Student lifestyle choices and perceptions of stress based on majors. Exercise Science Senior Research Projects. 2016;5.
Tankamani N, Jalali M. A Comparative aggressiveness and assertiveness in coping styles students. Int J Appl Behav Sci. 2017;4(2):8–12.
Shirsavar HR, Zahedi S, Hashemnia S, Lotfi S. Model Structure of Social Network Addiction among Male and FemaleStudents. Int J Appl Behav Sci.2020;7(3):1–12.
Kaldi A, Kabiran Einoddin H, Mohagheghi Kamal SH, Reza Soltani P. The evaluation of relationship between health-promoting lifestyle and quality of life (case of study: university of social welfare and rehabilitation sciences students in Tehran). J Iran Soc Dev Stud. 2014;6(4):87–95.
Sepah Mansour M, Bagheri F. Predicting Health promoting lifestyle from health locus of control and attachment style. Q J Health Psychol. 2017;6(22):131–44.
Baceviciene M, Jankauskiene R, Balciuniene V. The role of body image, disordered eating and lifestyle on the quality of life in Lithuanian university students. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(5):1593.
Karami K, Rezadoust K, Abdizadeh S, Chebisheh F. Factors affected Health-oriented life style in students of Jundi Shapur University of Medical Sciences and Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz. Q J Soc Dev Previously Hum Dev.2015;10(1):97–126.
Ganji K, Niyusha B, Zabihi R. The Structural modeling of the health and dangerous behaviors based on psychological capital and hardiness among students of Tehran universities: time horizon as a mediator. Int J Appl Behav Sci. 2020;7(3):36–46.
Von Ah D, Ebert S, Ngamvitroj A, Park N, Kang D-H. Predictors of health behaviours in college students. J Adv Nurs. 2004;48(5):463–74.
Hanawi SA, Saat NZM, Zulkafly M, Hazlenah H, Taibukahn NH, Yoganathan D, et al. Impact of a Healthy Lifestyle on the Psychological Well-being of University Students. Int J Pharm Res Allied Sci. 2020;9(2).
Olfert MD, Barr ML, Charlier CC, Greene GW, Zhou W, Colby SE. Sex differences in lifestyle behaviors among US college freshmen. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019;16(3):482.
Tanaka M, Watanabe Y. Association between lifestyle and school attendance in Japanese medical students: a pilot study.Health Educ J. 2012;71(2):165–72.
Adams ML, Katz DL, Shenson D. A healthy lifestyle composite measure: Significance and potential uses. Prev Med. 2016;84:41–7.
Cukrowicz KC, Otamendi A, Pinto JV, Bernert RA, Krakow B, Joiner Jr TE. The impact of insomnia and sleep disturbances on depression and suicidality. Dreaming. 2006;16(1):1.
Tanjani PT, Azadbakht M, Garmaroudi G, Sahaf R, Fekrizadeh Z. Validity and reliability of health promoting lifestyle profile II in the Iranian elderly. Int J Prev Med. 2016;7.
Babanejad M, Zarin HK, Sayehmiri K, Delpisheh A. Lifestyle investigation and its associated factors in students of Ilam University of Medical Sciences. Pajoohandeh J. 2012;17(5):252–7.
Dodd LJ, Al-Nakeeb Y, Nevill A, Forshaw MJ.Lifestyle risk factors of students: a cluster analytical approach. Prev Med. 2010;51(1):73–7.
Tunc GC, Bilgin NC, Cerit B. The Relationship Between International Students’ Health Perceptions and Their Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors. J Relig Health. 2021;1–14.
Vella-Zarb RA, Elgar FJ. The ‘freshman 5’: a meta-analysis of weight gain in the freshman year of college. J Am Coll Health. 2009;58(2):161–6.
Haas J, Baber M, Byrom N, Meade L, Nouri-Aria K. Changes in student physical health behaviour: an opportunity to turn the concept of a Healthy University into a reality. Perspect Public Health. 2018;138(6):316–24.
Broaddus AM, Jaquis BJ, Jones CB, Jost SR, Lang AS, Li A, et al. Fitbits, field-tests, and grades: The effects of a healthy and physically active lifestyle on the academic performance of first year college students. Int J Sport Exerc Psychol. 2021;19(1):90–101. 24. Tanaka M, Mizuno K, Fukuda S, Shigihara Y, Watanabe Y. Relationships between dietary habits and the prevalence of fatigue in medical students. Nutrition. 2008;24(10):985–9. 25. Afrazandeh SS, Ebrahimi M, Asadi F, Bahador F, Mosavi SZ, Rajabzadeh J. Survey the relationship between lifestyle and academic achievement motivation in students of Ferdows Paramedical and Health School of Birjand university of medical sciences. J Nurs Educ. 2018;7(2):1–7. 26. Taylor DJ, Bramoweth AD, Grieser EA, Tatum JI, Roane BM. Epidemiology of insomnia in college students: relationship with mental health, quality of life, and substance usedifficulties. Behav Ther. 2013;44(3):339–48. 27. Abbaszadeh M, Piryalghon S, Musavi A. Factors underlying the late sleep among female students of the dormitory of Tabriz university based on grounded theory. J Appl Sociol. 2017;28(65):1–18.
DeliensT, Deforche B, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Clarys P. Determinants of physical activity and sedentary behaviour in university students: a qualitative study using focus group discussions. BMC Public Health. 2015;15(1):1–9.
Morrison R, O’Connor RC. Predicting psychological distress in college students: The role of rumination and stress. J Clin Psychol. 2005;61(4):447–60.
Reshadatian T, Cheraghi M, HAGHIGHI ZM, Mohamadian H. Relationship between health promoting lifestyle with psychological distress of adults: Application of the Transtheoretical Model. Payesh. 2018;17(1):41-51.
Reeves MJ, Rafferty AP. Healthy lifestyle characteristics among adults in the United States, 2000. Arch Intern Med. 2005;165(8):854–7.
Mehri A, Solhi M, Garmaroudi G, Nadrian H, Sighaldeh SS. Health promoting lifestyle and its determinants among university students in Sabzevar, Iran. Int J Prev Med. 2016; 7:65.
- Abstract Viewed: 228 times
- PdF Downloaded: 134 times