The role of personality traits and perceived parenting styles in predicting cognitive developmen
International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences,
Vol. 3 No. 2 (2016),
24 July 2017
Introduction: Cognitive development continues into adulthood in which the way of thinking in a person changes from an absolute state to a relativistic state and then a dialectical state. This growth and the stages expected to be achieved can be influenced by the individual characteristics or environment is his/her life. The aim of this study was to describe the associations between personality factors and perceived parenting styles with the stages of cognitive development. Methods: 381 students (192 females, 189 males) from Hakim Sabzevari University in Khorasan Razavi province of Iran were selected by a categorical cluster random sampling. The participants of the study filled out 3 questionnaires: Parenting style inventory 2 (PSI-II), a short form of NEO personality inventory (NEO -FFI) and social paradigm belief inventory (SPBI). The research was of a descriptive and correlational type. Results: The results of multiple regression indicated that personality traits and perceived parenting styles could significantly predict 10% of the variance of dialectical thinking. Openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness could positively predict dialectical thinking but neuroticism, responsiveness, and neglect predicted dialectical thinking negatively. Conclusion: Overall the results showed that personality traits and perceived parenting styles can predict the current stage of cognitive development of a person. Declaration of Interest: None.
- Personality Traits
- Parenting Styles
- Cognitive development
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