Henna-induced Hemolysis and Acute Kidney Injury in an 85-year-old Man; a Case Report
Archives of Academic Emergency Medicine,
Vol. 8 No. 1 (2020),
7 January 2020
Henna is a commonly used traditional cosmetic agent, which also holds medical potentials and is used to treat skin lesions including seborrheic dermatitis or fungal infections and also has possible anti-inflammatory effects. It contains lawsone (2-hydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone) and, therefore, has the potential to induce oxidative hemolysis. Henna-induced hemolysis has been previously reported in children with Glucose 6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency. Here, we report an 85-year-old man who developed hemolytic anemia and acute kidney injury following oral consumption of henna to help his dyspnea. He was treated with hydration, bicarbonate, and dexamethasone. Over the course of hospitalization, the patient developed ventilator-associated pneumonia and was treated with antibiotic. He was discharged after one month. This finding is of high importance due to common use of henna, especially among people with false beliefs regarding traditional and herbal medicine, and highlights the role of a full history taking.
- Case reports; hemolysis; Lawsonia plant; toxicity; herbal medicine; anemia, hemolytic; acute kidney injury
How to Cite
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