PIRO, SOFA and MEDS Scores in Predicting One-Month Mortality of Sepsis Patients; a Diagnostic Accuracy Study
Archives of Academic Emergency Medicine,
Vol. 7 No. 1 (2019),
Introduction: Different scoring systems based on clinical and laboratory findings are designed for prediction of short-term mortality of patients with severe sepsis and septic shock. This study aimed to compare the screening performance characteristics of PIRO, SOFA and MEDS Scores in predicting one-month mortality of sepsis patients.
Methods: This diagnostic accuracy study was performed on septic shock and severe sepsis patients referring to emergency department of Loghmane Hakim Hospital, Tehran, Iran, from 2017 to 2018. The performance of MEDS, SOFA, and PIRO models in predicting 30-day mortality of patients was evaluated using discrimination and calibration indices.
Results: 200 patients with the mean age of 71.03Â±15.59 years were studied (61% male). During the 30 days, 66 patients died (mortality rate=33%). The area under the ROC curve of PIRO, MEDS, and SOFA scores were 0.83 (95% CI=0.78-0.89), 0.94 (95% CI=0.91-0.97) and 0.87 (95% CI=0.81-0.92), respectively. Based on Brier, BrierScaled and Nagelkerkeâ€™s R2 ofthe models, the best performance in predicting one-month mortality belonged to MEDS score. C-statistic showed that MEDS score had the highest value in the differentiation between the survived and non-survived cases.
Conclusion: This study showed that MEDS score performs better than PIRO and SOFA scores in predicting one-month mortality of patients with severe sepsis and septic shock.
- Decision support systems
- patient outcome assessment
How to Cite
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