The Value of Lactate Dehydrogenase in Predicting Rhabdomyolysis-Induced Acute Renal Failure; a Narrative Review
Archives of Academic Emergency Medicine,
Vol. 9 No. 1 (2021),
1 January 2021
Introduction: Determining the diagnostic value of available biomarkers in predicting rhabdomyolysis-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) is a priority. This study aimed to review the current evidence about the value of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in this regard.
Methods: In this narrative review, the papers in PubMed, Embase, and web of science were studied. The keywords prognosis, prognoses, prognostic, LDH, rhabdomyolysis, emergency patients, and acute kidney failure or AKI had been selected from MeSH medical dictionary. Related papers written in English and published from November 2007 to December 2020 were selected.
Results: Finally, 14 articles were accepted for analysis. Among the selected articles, four were randomized clinical trials, seven were cross-sectional, and three were case-control studies. The results of the present review showed that abuse of illegal drugs is the most common cause of rhabdomyolysis. AKI is the most serious complication of rhabdomyolysis reported in the studies. These studies have shown a three-fold increase in AKI following drug-induced rhabdomyolysis. The review of the included articles shows that high LDH can predicts AKI, especially in critical and emergency situations such as rhabdomyolysis where there is a risk of death if diagnosed late. These studies show that LDH increases in the presence of renal failure and tissue damage.
Conclusion: Serum LDH is an appropriate and cost-effective prognostic indicator that can be used for risk classification of patients at risk for rhabdomyolysis-induced AKI.
- L-Lactate Dehydrogenase
- Acute Kidney Injury
- Clinical Enzyme Tests
How to Cite
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