Plastic Bronchitis in a Five-Year-Old Boy Treated Using Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation; a Case Report
Archives of Academic Emergency Medicine,
Vol. 9 No. 1 (2021),
1 January 2021
Plastic bronchitis is an uncommon disorder marked by the production of bronchial casts and acute respiratory failure development. In pediatric cases, influenza infection sometimes results in the obstruction of bronchi and leads to this potentially life-threatening condition. We report the case of a five-year-old boy with plastic bronchitis related to influenza A infection, which could only be recovered by the use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). ECMO could effectively provide sufficient oxygenation for patients suffering from severe reversible acute respiratory failure. If patients infected with the influenza virus present acute respiratory distress with total lung atelectasis, clinicians should consider the diagnosis of plastic bronchitis and the subsequent treatment interventions with ECMO in a severe cases.
- Influenza A virus
- extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
- respiratory distress syndrome
How to Cite
Deng J, Zheng Y, Li C, Ma Z, Wang H, Rubin BK. Plastic bronchitis in three children associated with 2009 influenza A(H1N1) virus infection. Chest. 2010;138(6):1486-8.
Zhang X, Vinturache A, Ding G. Plastic bronchitis in a 3-year-old boy. CMAJ. 2019;191(48):E1336.
Okada Y, Okada A, Narumiya H, Iiduka R, Katsura K. Bloody Bronchial Cast Formation Due to Alveolar Hemorrhage Associated with H1N1 Influenza Infection. Intern Med. 2017;56(20):2747-51.
Kim S, Cho HJ, Han DK, Choi YD, Yang ES, Cho YK, et al. Recurrent plastic bronchitis in a child with 2009 influenza A (H1N1) and influenza B virus infection. J Korean Med Sci. 2012;27(9):1114-9.
Brogan TV, Finn LS, Pyskaty DJ, Jr., Redding GJ, Ricker D, Inglis A, et al. Plastic bronchitis in children: a case series and review of the medical literature. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2002;34(6):482-7.
Seear M, Hui H, Magee F, Bohn D, Cutz E. Bronchial casts in children: a proposed classification based on nine cases and a review of the literature. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1997;155(1):364-70.
Rubin BK. Plastic Bronchitis. Clin Chest Med. 2016;37(3):405-8.
Heath L, Ling S, Racz J, Mane G, Schmidt L, Myers JL, et al. Prospective, longitudinal study of plastic bronchitis cast pathology and responsiveness to tissue plasminogen activator. Pediatr Cardiol. 2011;32(8):1182-9.
Soyer T, Yalcin S, Emiralioglu N, Yilmaz EA, Soyer O, Orhan D, et al. Use of serial rigid bronchoscopy in the treatment of plastic bronchitis in children. J Pediatr Surg. 2016;51(10):1640-3.
Madsen P, Shah SA, Rubin BK. Plastic bronchitis: new insights and a classification scheme. Paediatr Respir Rev. 2005;6(4):292-300.
- Abstract Viewed: 331 times
- pdf Downloaded: 119 times