The Relationship Between Emotional Self-efficacy, Sensation Seeking, and the Quality of Child-Parent Relationships With Quality of Life Mediated by High-Risk Sexual Behaviors in Students
International Clinical Neuroscience Journal,
Vol. 8 No. 2 (2021),
27 March 2021
Background: Considering the importance of quality of life which is related to various physical, psychological, social, and political dimensions of the individual and the importance of the class which plays a decisive role in forming a successful and healthy society. Also, considering the importance of high-risk behaviors in today’s society and the harm that these behaviors create, five variables of quality of life, type of parent-child relationship and sensation seeking, self-efficacy, and high-risk sexual behaviors have been studied together.
Methods: The research method was descriptive-correlational with structural equation modeling (SEM). The statistical population included all male and female undergraduate students of Bandar Abbas Branch of Azad University who were studying in the first semester of the 2018-2019 academic year. 260 people were selected through purposive sampling. The inclusion criteria were being an undergraduate student, conscious satisfaction with the implementation method and research process. Data were gathered by the Child-Parent Relationship Quality Questionnaire (PCRS), Zuckerman Sensation Seeking Scale, Quality of Life Questionnaire, High-Risk Sexual Behaviors Questionnaire and Emotional Self-efficacy Scale. Data were analyzed using structural equations with Amos software, version 8.80.
Results: The path coefficient between high-risk sexual behaviors and quality of life was -0.84, which indicates the negative and inverse effect of high-risk sexual behaviors and quality of life. The path coefficient between the quality of the parent-child relationship and high-risk sexual behaviors was -0.86, which indicates the negative and inverse effect of the quality of the parent-child relationship and high-risk sexual behaviors.
Conclusion: High-risk sexual behaviors mediate the quality of the parent-child relationship and the quality of life of students.
- Emotional self-efficacy, Excitement and quality of child-parent relationship with quality of life, High-risk sexual behaviors
How to Cite
Milic M, Gazibara T, Pekmezovic T, Kisic Tepavcevic D, Maric G, Popovic A, et al. Tobacco smoking and health-related quality of life among university students: mediating effect of depression. PLoS One. 2020;15(1):e0227042. doi: 10.1371/ journal.pone.0227042.
Foran HM, Fraude I, Kubb C, Wamboldt MZ. Assessment of the parent-child relationship. In: Wampler KS, McWey LM, eds. The Handbook of Systemic Family Therapy. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell; 2020. p. 35-54. doi: 10.1002/9781119788393.ch2.
Szkody E, Rogers MM, McKinney C. Risky sexual behavior: the indirect effects between parent-child relationship quality and quality of life in emerging adults. Qual Life Res. 2018;27(10):2639-45. doi: 10.1007/s11136-018-1919-z.
Beri N, Jain M. Personal growth initiative among undergraduate students: Influence of emotional self efficacy and general well being. Rupkatha J Interdiscip Stud Humanit. 2016;8(2):43-56. doi: 10.21659/rupkatha.v8n2.05.
Singh B, Udainiya R. Self-efficacy and well-being of adolescents. J Indian Acad Appl Psychol. 2009;35(2):227-32.
Yazdi-Ravandi S, Taslimi Z, Jamshidian N, Saberi H, Shams J, Haghparast A. Prediction of quality of life by self-efficacy, pain intensity and pain duration in patient with pain disorders. Basic Clin Neurosci. 2013;4(2):117-24.
Soleimani B, Rahimi A, Bayesti Z, Abolghasemi A. Investigating the relationship between happiness, quality of life and excitement with marital satisfaction. The First National Conference on Psychology and the Family; 2015. [Persian].
Fardis M. Expression and Regulation of Emotions in Romantic Relationships [dissertation]. Missoula, Montana: University of Montana; 2007.
Zuckerman M. Behavioral Expressions and Biosocial Bases of Sensation Seeking. New York: Cambridge University Press; 1994.
Shadkam S, Molazadeh J, Yavari A. Study of the mediating role of emotion regulation difficulties in the relationship between exposure to traumatic events and risky sexual behavior among substance abusers. Yafteh. 2016;18(3):78-87. [Persian].
Hosseinkhanzadeh AA, Taher M, Seyednuri SZ, Yahyazadeh A, Esapour M. Relationship between interaction parent-child with addictability rate and heterosexual orientation in students. Research on Addiction. 2014;7(28):59-74. [Persian].
Norbury A, Kurth-Nelson Z, Winston JS, Roiser JP, Husain M. Dopamine regulates approach-avoidance in human sensation-seeking. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol. 2015;18(10):pyv041. doi: 10.1093/ijnp/pyv041.
Sanaei Zaker B. Family and Marriage Scales. Tehran: Besat Publication; 2019. [Persian].
Momeni K, Karami J, Hoveyzizadehgan N. The relationship between sensation seeking, positive and negative affect, alexithymia and marital infidelity. Journal of Health and Care. 2018;19(4):221-31. [Persian].
WHOQOL SRPB Group.A cross-cultural study of spirituality, religion, and personal beliefs as components of quality of life. Soc Sci Med. 2006;62(6):1486-97. doi: 10.1016/j. socscimed.2005.08.001.
Hakiminya B, Poorafkari N, Ghafari D. Factors affecting quality of life with emphasis on social intelligence and social health (the case of Kermanshah city). J Appl Sociol. 2017;28(2):163- 78. doi: 10.22108/jas.2018.74645.0. [Persian].
Zarie F, Khakbaz H, Karami H. Determining the effectiveness of self-awareness skill training on reducing high-risk behaviors associated with the opposite sex addict. Research on Addiction. 2010;4(15):63-70. [Persian].
Schutte NS, Malouff JM, Simunek M, McKenley J, Hollander S. Characteristic emotional intelligence and emotional well-being. Cogn Emot. 2002;16(6):769-85. doi: 10.1080/02699930143000482.
Souri A. Comparison of emotional self-efficacy, self-regulation learning strategies and motivational beliefs in privileged and non-privileged students. J Sch Psychol. 2020;9(3):101-19. doi: 10.22098/jsp.2020.1067.
Gorji R, Keshavarzi Arshadi F, Hatami M, Dehghan A, Vahabi R. A study of the relationship between parenting styles and risky behavior in deaf students. J Except Educ. 2015;4(132):5- 12. [Persian].
Izadi A, Barzegar M. Investigating the relationship between emotional intelligence and quality of work life with self-efficacy of staff members of police headquarter commanders. J Resour Manag Police. 2017;(19):147-60. [Persian].
Yazdi-Ravandi S, Taslimi Z, Ahmadpanah M, Ghaleiha A. Adjustment to diabetes among diabetic patients: the roles of social support and self-efficacy. Avicenna Journal of Neuro Psycho Physiology. 2016;3(1):e37470. doi: 10.17795/ ajnpp-37470.
Wang Z, Vang M, Lookadoo K, Tchernev JM, Cooper C. Engaging high-sensation seekers: the dynamic interplay of sensation seeking, message visual-auditory complexity and arousing content. J Commun. 2015;65(1):101-24. doi: 10.1111/jcom.12136.
Brooks TL, Harris SK, Thrall JS, Woods ER. Association of adolescent risk behaviors with mental health symptoms in high school students. J Adolesc Health. 2002;31(3):240-6. doi: 10.1016/s1054-139x(02)00385-3.
Olchowski AE, Graham JW, Beverly EA, Dupkanick CW. Cigarette smoking, physical activity, and the health status of college students. J Appl Soc Psychol. 2009;39(3):683-706. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2009.00456.x.
Luseno WK, Field SH, Iritani BJ, Odongo FS, Kwaro D, Amek NO, et al. Pathways to depression and poor quality of life among adolescents in western Kenya: role of anticipated HIV stigma, HIV risk perception, and sexual behaviors. AIDS Behav. 2020. doi: 10.1007/s10461-020-02980-5.
- Abstract Viewed: 26 times
- PDF Downloaded: 46 times