100 CHILDREN WITH ACUTE ATAXIA; A SURVEY IN MOFID CHILDREN'S HOSPITAL
Iranian Journal of Child Neurology,
Vol. 1 No. 2 (2006),
27 April 2009
The term "Ataxia" refers to disturbances of body posture and movement that are normally controlled by the cerebellum, frontal lobes and the posterior columns of the spinal cord. The primary symptom and the most prominent feature of ataxia is abnormal gait which is characterized by lurching and wide base walking.
Ataxia was considered acute, if it had occurred within the two preceding weeks. Knowing how frightening acute-onset Ataxia is for the family is not surprising that the condition prompts an immediate visit to the physician.
Material & Methods:
In view of the lack of information in our country, on the etiology of sudden-onset Ataxia, the authors enrolled 100 children with the chief complaint of acute loss of equilibrium, who came to the attention of the Pediatric Neurology Department over a two year duration (Sept.2001-Sept 2003); they were admitted to the Mofid Childrens' Hospital and all necessary investigations were carried out.
Results & Conclusion:
The results revealed that Acute Cerebellar Ataxia was the most common cause of the problem, the second most frequent being drug intoxication, which most commonly occurred in patients, 2- 4years old. The remaining causative factors in order of descending frequency consisted of infectious polyneuropathy, migraine, opsoclonus-myoclonus, brain tumor, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, multiple sclerosis, and epilepsy.
Key words:Acute ataxia, Children, Acute cerebellar ataxia
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