10 February 2017
Background and Aim: In the third millennium, aging are appeared as a global reality more than before.Developments in controlling of the contagious diseases, nutrition and healthy environment resulted in increasing life expectancy. So the twentieth century challenge for surviving has been replaced by living stay with better quality and healthy aging. Present study was carried out in order to determining the knowledge, attitude and practice of the urban elders about healthy lifestyle in 2008.
Materials and Methods: In this descriptive analytic research, 450 elder people of Tehran residents with more than 60 years old were studied. The sampling method was random clustering and structured questionnaire was used for data collection. Interviewers completed questionnaires after referring to their homes. SPSS V.18 software was used for data analyses.
Results: 54.6 percent of elders were men. Mean scores in each of the three fields for men was more than women. Our findings show significant relation between age, sex, income and marital status of subjects with their knowledge, attitude and practice. So with increasing age their knowledge, attitude and practice were decreased respectively. Knowledge, attitude and practice of elders about healthy lifestyle was related to membership in public and national organizations, significantly (p=0.01).
Conclusion: Our findings indicate on need to comprehensive programming for health education about healthy life style, respecting social determinants of health and encourage elder residents of urban regions to membership in public organizations.
Key words: Elderly, Healthy Lifestyle, Knowledge, Attitude , Practice