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Etiology of the Neonatal Seizures: An Epidemiological Study

Ali Zafari, Fatemeh Pajouhandeh, Mehran Arab Ahmadi
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Abstract

Background: Neonatal seizure is a rare neurologic condition. The current study aimed at determining the etiology of neonatal seizure.
Methods: The current study evaluated the data of 100 neonates who were hospitalized at neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) during 2015-2017. A pediatric neurologist made the final diagnosis of seizure. Patients’ medical records were used to review neonatal seizure variables. SPSS (version 16) was used to perform the statistical analyses.
Results: The current study enrolled 100 newborns (41% female) admitted to the NICU following the first episode of seizure and the body temperature of 36.8-39.2°C (mean: 37.2°C). Of 100 participants, 94 (94%) had acute symptomatic seizure and 6 (6%) were compatible with neonatal epilepsy syndrome criteria. According to the results, the commonest etiologies were the neonatal encephalopathy and hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy constituting 82% of participants.
Conclusion: The consequences of acute symptomatic seizures in neonates are determined mainly by the etiology of the seizures. Seizure burden and use of anti-seizure drugs may also have some impact, but this has yet to be fully defined.


Keywords

Newborns, Seizure, Neonatal Encephalopathy

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