The Effective Brain Areas in Recognition of Dyslexia
International Clinical Neuroscience Journal,
Vol. 7 No. 3 (2020),
21 June 2020
Background: The brain has four lobes consist of frontal, parietal, occipital, and temporal. Most researchers have reported that the left occipitotemporal region of the brain, which is the combined region of the occipital and temporal lobes, is less active in children with dyslexia like Sklar, Glaburda, Ashkenazi and Leisman.
Methods: There are different methods and tools to investigate how the brain works, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), positron emission tomography (PET), magneto-encephalography (MEG) and electroencephalography (EEG). Among these, EEG determines the electrical activity of the brain with the electrodes placed on the special areas on the scalp. In this research, we processed the EEG signals of dyslexic children and healthy ones to determine what the areas of the brain are most likely to cause the disease.
Results: For this purpose, we extracted 43 features, including relative spectral power (RSP) features, mean, standard deviation, skewness, kurtosis, Hjorth, and AR parameters. Then an SVM classifier is used to separate two classes. Finally, we show the particular brain activation pattern by calculating the correlation coefficients and co-occurrence matrices, which suggests the activation of the working memory region as an active area.
Conclusion: By identifying the brain areas involved in reading activity, it has expected that psychologists and physicians will be able to design the therapeutic exercises to activate this part of the brain.
- occipito-temporal lobe
- signal processing
How to Cite
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