Ethical Considerations:

Submissions containing copies or self-plagiarism will be rejected. Authors are encouraged to carefully proofread their manuscripts before submission. To prevent plagiarism and copyright violation, the use of software such as iThenticate is recommended.

Microsoft Word is the preferred text file format. Submitted files must be editable; do not submit pdf files of your text.

Authors Responsibilities

  1. All authors must be:
  • scientifically senior in the field of research
  • accountable for the accurateness of the article
  • able to certify that the manuscript is their original work and has not been previously published elsewhere; even simultaneous submissions being under review in another journal are prohibited
  • accountable to all the data provided in the paper; these data should be authentic
  • and responsible about their data and report any potential or possible errors being discovered in the manuscript before submission, during assessment and, after acceptance or publishment of their paper to the journal editors
  • although it is the responsibility of the corresponding author to complete the correspondence in the requested timeline, all authors must actively participate in the peer review process and participate actively and responsibly in formulating responses to the views raised by the peer reviewers.

  • this journal does not charge authors for the submission or publication of manuscripts
  1. All potential and factual conflicts of interest relating to the manuscript content, preparation, and financial support must be declared. The authors have to inform the Editors of any conflicts of interest.
  2. Authors presenting work involving human experimentation must:
  1. Authors presenting work involving animal experimentation must affirm in the Methods section that the study has been approved by an Animal Care Committee (IACUC) (
  2. The investigators are encouraged to register their clinical trials in run by the National Library of Medicine ( or other public trials registries, such as the International Standard Randomized Controlled Trial Number (ISRCTN) ( or Iranian Registry Clinical Trials (IRCT) ( The service is available at no charge. Also, this journal does not charge authors for submitting or publishing manuscripts. To be considered for publication, randomized, controlled trials involving medical interventions should be fully registered in one of the public trial registries before the conscription of the first patient. Well-controlled researches, including studies with negative results, are confident, more than ever.
    Where appropriate, CONSORT ( or if analytic research is being reported, STARD (, and diagrams must be included. Observational Studies should meet the STROBE guiding principles (Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology; Figures illustrating the appropriate diagram are requisite to be presented.
  3. The text should be clearly "plagiarism-free"; i.e., the authors should not reproduce verbatim the text of previously published articles or manuscripts submitted in other texts; even if a text by the same author has already been officially published.
  4. In each manuscript, all the authors of the article must have active, significant, and specific participation in conducting research and then in writing and editing the manuscript; this process should be based on the standard patterns of text writing and following the standards of the journal.