A Comparison between the Clinical Results of Salt Therapy and Surgery in the Treatment of Umbilical Granuloma in Infants
Iranian Journal of Pediatric Surgery,
Vol. 4 No. 1 (2018),
3 June 2018
Introduction: The most common umbilical disorders in infants is umbilical granuloma. To date, various therapeutic methods have been proposed to treat umbilical granuloma. This study aimed to compare the clinical results of salt therapy with surgery in the treatment of umbilical granuloma in infants.
Materials and Methods: In a clinical trial study, 50 infants with umbilical granuloma visited at the Children Educational-Medical Hospital of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences were selected and randomly allocated into two groups. In the first group, 25 patients were treated with sterile salt, and in the second group; 25 patients underwent surgery using electro cauterization. Patients were followed for three months, and the cure rate, relapse rate, and side effects of each method were evaluated.
Results: Results showed that cure rate in the salt therapy group was 96.0% but in the surgery group it was 100%. There was no statistically significant difference between the two group regarding the cure rate (p=1.000). No relapse or side effects were seen in any of the study groups.
Conclusion: Based on the findings of the present study, salt therapy is a safe and effective method in the treatment of umbilical granuloma which can be an alternative to surgical methods in this regard.