The role of difficulty in emotion regulation and body image disorder in prediction unhealthy eating behavior and attitude in adolescent girls
Researcher Bulletin of Medical Sciences,
Vol. 26 No. 1 (2021),
30 October 2021
Objective: One of the most important traumatic problems among adolescent girls is unhealthy eating behaviors and attitudes among them, which can increase stress in normal relationships and also damage their physical and mental health. Therefore, the present study aims to determine the role of difficulty in emotion regulation and body image disorder in prediction unhealthy eating behaviors and attitudes in adolescent girls in Kermanshah.
Materials and Methods: The method of the present study was descriptive of correlation type and the statistical population included all adolescent girls in Kermanshah in 2019. By available sampling method and based on Morgan table, 350 people were selected as a sample. Research instruments included the Unhealthy Eating Behaviors and Attitudes Scale, the Grater and Roemer emotion regulation scale, and the Lillton body image anxiety questionnaire, all three of which were valid and reliable. To analyze the data, Pearson correlation and stepwise regression analysis were used simultaneously, which the data were finally analyzed by SPSS-22 software.
Results: the components of difficulty in emotion regulation and body image disorder have a significant effect on unhealthy eating behaviors and attitudes. The predictor variables of both can accurately explain 9% of unhealthy eating behaviors and attitudes.
Conclusion: The results showed that unhealthy eating behaviors and attitudes in adolescent girls could be a challenge in the mental and physical health of this group. Therefore, it is suggested that health counselors and therapists pay attention to this important issue.
- Unhealthy eating; Emotion regulation; Body image; Girls
How to Cite
2. Hoseinzade A, Homan,H Salehi M,Koshki SH. Maternal Bonding and vulnerability related to eating, The mediational Role of Eating Disorder beliefs and Alexithymia.silence, Journal of Evolutionary psychology,2012,9 (34 ), PP 129-142.
3. Gander M, Sevecke K, Buchheim A. Eating disorders in adolescence: attachment issues from a developmental perspective.Front Psychol, 2015 Aug:6:1136
4. Roustaee R, Haji Faraji M, Dezhkam M, Hoshiarrad A, Mehrabi Y, Zowghi T. Prevalence of eating disorder and some of the factors related to them among high school female student in the City of Tehran in 2010, Iranian Journal of Nutrition Sciences Technology, 2013, 8(1). 135-144(Persian).
5. Chithambo TP, and Stanley J, Huey Jr. Internet-delivered eating disorder prevention: A randomized controlled trial of dissonance-based and cognitive-behavioral interventions. International Journal of Eating Disorders.2017, 50(9), 995–1118.
6. Hoerr SL, Bokram R, Lugo B, Bivins T, Keast DR. Risk for disordered eating relates to both gender and ethnicity for college students. J Am CollNutr, 2002, 21(4):307–14
7. Alvarenga MS, Scagliusi FB, Philippi ST. Development and validity of the disordered eating attitude scale (DEAS). Percept Mot Skills, 2010,110:379–95.
8. Canals J, Sancho C, Arija M. V. Influence of parent's eating attitudes on eating disorders, in-school adolescents. European child, adolescent psychiatry, 2009, 18 (6), pp.353-359
9. Hatamian P, Moradi A. Comparing Unhealthy Eating Behaviors and Attitudes and Negative Repeating Thoughts in Night Shift and Day Shift Nurses, psychiatric nursing journals, 2018 (5) 6, 31-35. 9.Calkins.
10. Calkins SD. Commentary: conceptual and methodological challenges to the study of emotion regulation and psychopathology. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 2010;32:92-5.
11. Hilbert A,Tuschen-Caffier B, Karwautz A, Niederhofer H, Munscch S. Eating disorder examination –questionnaire:evaluation der deutschsprachigen ubersetz, 2007, 22, D48149.
12. Heatherton TF, Wagner DD. Cognitive neuroscience of self-regulation failure. Trends Cogn Sci, 2011; 15(3): 132-9.
13. Lehar EJ, Krohmer K, Schag K, Dresler T, Zipfel S, Giel KE. Emotion regulation model in binge eating disorder and obesity-a systematic review. Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2015; 49: 125-34.
14. Lavender JM,GratzKL,Tull MT.Exploring the relationship between facets of mindfulness and eating pathology in women.CBT, 2011;40:174-82.
15. Smolin L. A, Grosvenor M. B. Nutrition and eating disorders, second edition, Chelsea House Publishers; second edition. 2011, p 543-9.
16. Mohammadzadeh H, Borhani H, Ghavami A, Mahmoudi G. The relationship between eating disorders, physical dissatisfaction with the stages of physical behavior change in female students of Tabriz University, Research in University Sports, 2014, 3(1); 122-107. (Persian).
17. Chithambo TP, and Stanley J, Huey Jr. Internet-delivered eating disorder prevention: A randomized controlled trial of dissonance-based and cognitive-behavioral interventions. International Journal of Eating Disorders.2017, 50(9), 995–1118.
18. Grits K, Roemer L. Multidimensional Assessment of Emotion Regulation and Dysregulation: Development, Factor Structure, and Initial Validation of the Difficulties in emotion Regulation Scale. J Psychopath Behav Assess. 2004, 41-5
19. Aftab R. Mediator role of interpersonal difficulties in the relationship between experiential avoidance and depression and anxiety. J Appl Psychol. 2016;10(4):523-42. (Persian).
20. Littleton Hl, Axsom DS, Pury CL.Development of the body image concern inventory.BehavResTher.2005:43(2):22941.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2003.12.006PMID:15629752.
21. Alavizadeh S, Entezari M. Relationship between fear of body bias and suicidal ideation among women and men referring to skin, hair, and weight clinics in Tehran. Psychological Research. 2011;14(1):147-50. (Persian).
22. Williamson D. Assessment of eating disorders: Obesity, anorexia and bulimia nervosa. New York: Pergamum, 1990.
23. Pricilla N. Gitimu, Molly M. Jameson T, Rachel pk. Appearance issues depression, and disorder eating among college females, Cogent Psychology 2016,3 (1):1196512.
24. Maria D. T, Ana T., Mariana V. M Jorge M. S, Antonio F. D. Eating behaviors, body image, perfectionism, and self-esteem in a sample of Portuguese girls.2016, ORIGINAL ARTICLE Jul
25. Khodapanah M, Sohrabi F, Ahadi H, Taghiloo S. The Mediating Role of Cognitive Emotion Regulation in the Relationship between Brain-Behavioral Systems with eating behavior in individuals with overweight and obesity. rph. 2018; 11 (4):55-73. (Persian).
26. Rezaei M, Aflakseir A, Ghayour M. Prevalence of eating disorders and obesity in the female student of Shiraz University]. Iran Nurs Res. 2015;10(3):36-42. (Persian).
- Abstract Viewed: 25 times