Mosquito Coil Poisoning with Neurological Manifestation
International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Forensic Medicine,
Vol. 5 No. 2(Spring) (2015),
Background: Mosquito coil (allerthrin) is a type of pyrethroid. Few reports describe severe poisoning after ingestion of this common household product. This is the first ever report on severe form of mosquito coil poisoning in adult.
Case Report: A case of allerthrin poisoning with neurological and gastrointestinal manifestation reported. A 19 year old house wife belonging to Bengali Hindu community presented after ingesting six pieces of mosquito coil. Initial manifestations were nausea, vomiting, sore throat. During hospital stay she had three episodes of generalized seizure. Level of consciousness altered. She received supportive management as no specific antidote exists. Recovery occurred by several days.
Conclusion: Mosquito coil (allerthrin) ingestion can infrequentl induce medical emergency.
- Mosquito control
How to Cite
Ardhanari A, Srivastava U, kumar A, Saxena S. management of a case of prallethrinpoisoning-an unusual agent for suicidal ingestion. Sri Lankan Journal of Anaesthesiology.2011;19(1):51-2.
Bradberry SM, Cage SA, Proudfoot AT, Vale JA. Poisoning due to pyrethroids.Toxicol Rev. 2005;24(2):93-106.
Khokon MK, Islam AHMS, Basher A, Alam MR, Faiz MA. Patterns of Self Poisoning by
Household Substances. International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Forensic Medicine. 2011;1(2):59-64.
Lucas G. A hospital based prospective study of acute childhood poisoning .Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health. 2006;35:12-9.
Prajapati T, Prajapati K, Tandon R, Merchant S. Acute Chemical and Pharmaceutical Poisoning Cases Treated in Civil Hospital, Ahmedabad: One year study, APJMT. 2013;2(2):63-7.
PankajGarg, PrahladGarg. Mosquito Coil (Allethrin) Poisoining in Two Brothers. Indian Pediatrics. 2004;41:1177-8.
He F, Wang S, Liu L, Chen S, Zhang Z, Sun J. Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of acute pyrethroid poisoning. Arch Toxicol. 1989;63(1):54-8.
Yang PY, Lin JL, Hall AH, Tsao TC, Chern MS. Acute ingestion poisoning with insecticide formulations containing the pyrethroidpermethrin, xylene, and surfactant: a review of 48 cases. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol. 2002;40(2):107-13.
Ahmad M, Mazumder MRU, Al-Azad MAS, Rahman FN, Rahman MM. A study of autopsy cases of suspected poisoning victims in an urban medical college morgue. Journal of Armed Forces Medical College Bangladesh.2012; 8(1):46-52.
United States Environmental protection Agency. Red Facts. Oil of Citronella. USA: EPA; 1997. Available from:http://www.epa.gov/oppsrrd1/REDs/factsheets/3105fact.pdf
World Health Organization. WHO specifications and evaluations for public health pesticides: d-allerthrin. Geneva: WHO; 2002. Available from: http://www.who.int/whopes/quality/en/dAllethrin_spec_eval_March_04.pdf
Tisserand R, Young R.Essential Oil Safety: A Guide for Health Care Professionals .Second ed. China: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier; 2014.
- Abstract Viewed: 2069 times
- PDF Downloaded: 2767 times