The Relationship Between Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder After Childbirth And Social Support And Marital Satisfaction
International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Forensic Medicine,
20 September 2021
Introduction & Objective: Childbirth is one of the most significant and pleasant events in a woman's life, this event is possible to be a traumatic event and a threat to the mother's mental health. This study aims to recognize the relationship between post-traumatic stress disorders (PTSD) after childbirth and social support and marital satisfaction.
This Crossectional -analytical study was carried out on a sample of 400 mothers who had delivered at Shohadaye-15-Khordad Hospital in Varamin (in two groups with and without PTSD). The research instruments include the Demographic, Midwifery, and Neonatal Factors checklist, Enrich Marital Satisfaction, Weinfeld and Tigman Social Support, and the PTSD Symptoms Scale. We used SPSS-V24 software to analyze the data in terms of descriptive and also Pearson correlation and logistic regression. A P-value of less than 0/05 was considered Significant.
Results: The prevalence of PTDS in this study was 16.8%. There was no significant correlation between the mean of the total score of PTSD in all its dimensions with social support (p> 0.05). Marital satisfaction significantly affected the probability of PTSD after childbirth (p = 0.001). There was a significant correlation between PTSD total score and dimension of avoidance symptoms and with infant gender (p = 0.038), and between gestational age and avoidance symptoms (p = 0.001) and type of nutrition feeding and with motivational symptoms (p = 0.041) of PTSD dimensions.
Conclusion: According to the relationship between marital satisfaction and PTSD, it is recommended to design suitable interventions to improve the marital status, and to diagnose timely the susceptible mothers to prevent the spread of this complication.
- Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
- Marital satisfaction
- Social Support
How to Cite
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