Estimating Stature and Gender by the Length of the Third, Fourth, and Fifth Fingers of Dominant Hand in Iranian Adults
International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Forensic Medicine,
Vol. 12 No. 1 (2022),
Background: Stature and gender are essential parameters of forensic anthropology. Moreover, their estimation is critical for medico-legal investigations to identify unknown remains. The present study aimed to estimate stature and gender by the anthropometric dimensions of the Iranian population’s third, fourth, and fifth fingers.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 199 individuals (99 men & 100 women) were included. Individuals’ demographic information was recorded. A caliper measured the length of the fingers. An anthropometer was used for the measurement of stature. The obtained data were analyzed using SPSS. A multivariate linear regression test was used to predict the stature of individuals based on finger length.
Results: In males and females, a solid and positive direct relationship was observed between the length of the third, fourth, and fifth fingers of the hand with the stature of individuals and between the length of the fingers with each other. In the coefficient table of the regression model of this study, in males, the length of the fingers was not predictive of stature, and only the length of the third finger in females had a predictive effect on stature.
Conclusion: According to the obtained results, stature is predictable in women through the third finger length using the derived regression equation.
- Third finger
- Forth finger
- Fifth finger
How to Cite
Kanchan T, Krishan K. Anthropometry of hand in sex determination of dismembered remains-A review of literature. Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine. 2011;18:14-7.
Cattaneo C. Forensic anthropology: developments of a classical discipline in the new millennium. Forensic Sci Int. 2007;165:185-93.
Ishak NI, Hemy N, Franklin D. Estimation of stature from hand and handprint dimensions in a Western Australian population. Forensic Sci Int. 2012;216:199 e1-7.
Salama N. Estimation of stature from hand and handprint measurements among some Egyptians using flatbed scanner. Ain Shams Journal of Forensic Medicine and Clinical Toxicology. 2013;21:89-97.
Uhrova P, Benus R, Masnicova S, Obertova Z, Kramarova D, Kyselicova K, et al. Estimation of stature using hand and foot dimensions in Slovak adults. Leg Med (Tokyo). 2015;17:92-7.
Jee SC, Yun MH. Estimation of stature from diversified hand anthropometric dimensions from Korean population. J Forensic Leg Med. 2015;35:9-14.
Pelin C, Zagyapan R, Yazici C, Kurkcuoglu A. Body height estimation from head and face dimensions: a different method. J Forensic Sci. 2010;55:1326-30.
Ozden H, Balci Y, Demirustu C, Turgut A, Ertugrul M. Stature and sex estimate using foot and shoe dimensions. Forensic Sci Int. 2005;147:181-4.
Habib SR, Kamal NN. Stature estimation from hand and phalanges lengths of Egyptians. Journal of forensic and legal medicine. 2010;17:156-60.
Rastogi P, Kanchan T, Menezes RG, Yoganarasimha K. Middle finger length--a predictor of stature in the Indian population. Med Sci Law. 2009;49:123-6.
Krishan K, Kanchan T, Asha N. Estimation of stature from index and ring finger length in a North Indian adolescent population. J Forensic Leg Med. 2012;19:285-90.
Mojaverrostami S, Mokhtari T, Malekzadeh M, Noori L, Kazemzadeh S, Ijaz S, et al. Stature Estimation Based on Fingers Anthropometry in Iranian Population. Anatomical Sciences Journal. 2019;16:87-92.
Rhiu I, Kim W. Estimation of stature from finger and phalange lengths in a Korean adolescent. J Physiol Anthropol. 2019;38:13.
Sen J, Kanchan T, Ghosh A, Mondal N, Krishan K. Estimation of stature from lengths of index and ring fingers in a North-eastern Indian population. J Forensic Leg Med. 2014;22:10-5.
Singh B, Krishan K, Kaur K, Kanchan T. Different predictive and accuracy models for sex and stature estimation from second- and fourth-digit lengths in the Kinnaur population of Himachal Pradesh, North India: Medico-legal and forensic implications. Med Sci Law. 2019;59:149-59.
Akhlaghi M, Sheikhazadi A, Khazaie F, Sadeghian M. The Role of Index and Ring Fingers in Gender Identifica-tion and Height Estimation. International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Forensic Medicine. 2019;9:75-82.
- Abstract Viewed: 328 times
- PDF Downloaded: 172 times