Computed Tomography Angiography-Based Evaluation of Anatomical Variations of the Celiac Trunk and Renal Arteries
International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Forensic Medicine,
Vol. 10 No. 3 (2020),
27 September 2020
Background: The abdominal aorta and its main branches, such as the celiac trunk and the renal arteries are manipulated during various radiologic, surgical, and oncologic procedures. This study aimed at evaluating the anatomical pattern of these vessels to assist surgeons and radiologists reduce the risk of intra- as well as postoperative complications.
Methods: A retrospective analysis of 536 Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA) studies of living potential kidney donors was conducted from January 2012 to December 2018.
Results: The anatomical variations of the celiac trunk was found in 9.5% of the cases. Among these cases, the most frequent variation was the Left Gastric Artery (LGA) as the first branch of the celiac trunk (80.4% of the cases). Gender was not overall significantly associated with the variations of the celiac trunk (P=0.670); however, there was a significant correlation between male gender and the most prevalent form of the celiac trunk variation (P=0.004). Variations of the renal artery occurred in 22.94% of the cases, with the left accessory renal artery being the most common variant (28.45% of the cases). Gender and the involved side (right / left) were not significantly related to the renal artery variations (P=1.000 & P=0.546, respectively). No concomitant variation of the celiac trunk and the renal artery was detected in our study.
Conclusion: The anatomical variations of the celiac trunk and the renal arteries occur commonly; thus, the branching pattern of these arteries should be assessed prior to any procedure concerning them.
- anatomical variation
- celiac trunk
- renal artery
- computed tomography angiography
How to Cite
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