Organophosphorus Insecticide Poisoning Related Mortality and Neurotoxicity in Sabzevar
International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Forensic Medicine,
Vol. 10 No. 2 (2020),
21 June 2020
Background: This study aimed to assess mortality and neurotoxicity caused by the pesticide organophosphate and its correlation with the type of poison and treatment in patients admitted to Vasei Hospital of Sabzevar City, Iran, in 2018.
Methods: Out of 122 cases, 52 patients (43.3%) were male, and 70 patients (56.9%) were female. The Mean±SD age of the men was 32.65±29.15, and women was 30±15.30 years.
Results: Mortality in women and men was 10% and 17.3%, respectively. Among treated people, diazinon had the highest frequency of 76.4%, and among dead people from diazinon and malathion had the highest rates of 56.3% and 43.8%, respectively.
Conclusion: The prevalence of mortality in patients was 7.3% (n=9). As most people with organophosphorus poisoning have been exposed to diazinon toxins; therefore, strategies to prevent and reduce exposure to this toxin are essential.
- Organophosphorus poisons
How to Cite
Moghaddamnia AA. [Suruey of acute suicidal poisoning in the west of Mazandaran province during the years 1373-76 (Persian)]. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci. 1999; 9(22):18-25. http://jmums.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-919-en.html
Moghadamnia A, Hallagisani S. [Study of acute poisoning in Ramsar (Persian)]. J Qazvin Uni Med Sci. 1999; 3(2):43-9. http://journal.qums.ac.ir/browse.php?a_id=538&sid=1&slc_lang=en
Marx J, Walls R, Hockberger R. Rosen’s emergency medicine-concepts and clinical practice e-book: Elsevier Health Sciences; 2013. https://www.elsevier.com/books/rosens-emergency-medicine-concepts-and-clinical-practice-2-volume-set/marx/978-1-4557-0605-1
Paudyal BP. Poisoning: Pattern and profile of admitted cases in a hospital in central Nepal. JNMA J Nepal Med Assoc. 2005; 44(159):92-6. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16554862
Moghadamnia AA, Abdollahi M. An epidemiological study of poisoning in northern Islamic Republic of Iran. East Mediterr Health J. 2002; 8(1):88-94. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15330564
Ghorashi Z, Sultani Ahari H. [A study of the acute poisoning in patients admitted to Tabriz pediatrics medical center (Persian)]. J Ardabil Uni Med Sci. 2003; 3(9):59-64. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=28954
Kanchan T, Menezes RG. Suicidal poisoning in Southern India: Gender differences. J Forensic Leg Med. 2008; 15(1):7-14. [DOI:10.1016/j.jflm.2007.05.006] [PMID]
Razwiedani LL, Rautenbach P. Epidemiology of organophosphate poisoning in the tshwane district of south Africa. Environmental health insights. 2017; 11:1178630217694149. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28469445
Mahmoudi GH, Asaee R. [Epidemiologic study of Organophosphate and Organochlorate pesticides poisoning in hospitalized patients in Khorramabad Shohada Ashayer hospital from Mars to August 2006 (Persian)]. Yafteh. 2008; 10(1):3-10. http://yafte.lums.ac.ir/browse.php?a_code=A-10-1-150&slc_lang=en&sid=1
Gannur DG, Maka P, Nararyan Reddy KS. Organophosphorus compound poisoning in Gulbarga region - A five year study. Indian J Forensic Med Toxicol. 2008; 2(1):3-11. http://www.i-scholar.in/index.php/ijfmt/article/view/45739
Raouf Yazdinejad S, Emamhadi M, Okazi MA, Memarian A. Risk factors for mortality in organophosphate poisoned patients. Int J Med Toxicol and Forensic Med. 2014; 5(2):73-7. http://journals.sbmu.ac.ir/ijmtfm/article/view/IJMTFM-6980
Umakanth M. Prevalence of organophosphate poisoning in Batticaloa, Sri Lanka. Asia Pac J Med Toxicol. 2017; 6(4):115-7. http://apjmt.mums.ac.ir/article_10599.html
Banday TH, Tathineni B, Desai MS, Naik V. Predictors of morbidity and mortality in organophosphorus poisoning: A case study in rural hospital in Karnataka, India. N Am J Med Sci. 2015; 7(6):259-65. [DOI:10.4103/1947-2714.159331] [PMID] [PMCID]
Yurumez Y, Durukan P, Yavuz Y, Ikizceli I, Avsarogullari L, Ozkan S, et al. Acute organophosphate poisoning in university hospital emergency room patients. Intern Med. 2007; 46(13):965-9. [DOI:10.2169/internalmedicine.46.6304] [PMID]
Kang EJ, Seok SJ, Lee KH, Gil HW, Yang JO, Lee EY, et al. Factors for determining survival in acute organophosphate poisoning. Korean J Intern Med. 2009; 24(4):362-7. [DOI:10.3904/kjim.2009.24.4.362] [PMID] [PMCID]
- Abstract Viewed: 100 times
- PDF Downloaded: 72 times