Polymorphism of SMAD7 gene (rs2337104) and risk of colorectal cancer in an Iranian population: A case-control study
Gastroenterology and Hepatology from Bed to Bench,
Page Gastroenterol Hepatol Bed Bench 2014;7(4):198-205
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of intronic polymorphism of the SMAD7 (Mothers Against Decantaplegic Homolog 7) gene (rs2337104) on the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) and clinicopathological features in an Iranian population
Background: SMAD7 has been identified as an antagonist of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-b)-mediating fibrosis, carcinogenesis, and inflammation. Regarding to the recent genome-wide scan, a risk locus for colorectal cancer at 18q21 has been found, which maps to the SMAD7 gene.
Methods: This case-control study was performed on 109 CRC patients and 109 healthy controls recruited in Taleghani hospital. The genotyping of all samples were done by TaqMan assay via an ABI 7500 Real Time PCR System (Applied Biosystems) with DNA from peripheral blood. The association of this polymorphism with the risk of CRC and clinicopathological features was investigated.
Results: our results indicated that there were no any significant association between genotypic and allelic frequencies of SMAD7 polymorphism (rs2337104) and CRC risk in our population. Although the T allele is the most frequent one in this population and its frequency was 86.7% in patients compared with 91.7% in controls (OR=1.705, 95% CI= 0.916 -3.172). Also the SMAD7 genotypes were not associated with any clinicopathological characteristics in CRC patients (Pvalue>0.05).
Conclusion: For the first time, this study results revealed that this SMAD7 polymorphism couldn’t be a potential risk factor for CRC or a prognostic biomarker for prediction of clinicopathological features in an Iranian population. A large-scale case-control study is needed to validate our results.Key Words: SMAD7, Colorectal cancer, Single nucleotide Polymorphism
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