Implementation of Watson's Theory in a Patient with Breast Cancer: A Case Study
Advances in Nursing & Midwifery,
Vol. 29 No. 1 (2020),
15 January 2020
Introduction: Patients who are suffering from breast cancer have numerous problems. Watson's Theory of Human Caring seems to be proper in caring for these patients. This theory stresses the humanistic aspects of nursing as they interfere with scientific knowledge and nursing practice. This study implemented Watson's theory in preparing a Persian woman with breast cancer to accept the treatment process. Methods: In this case study, the patient was selected from the patients referring to a hospital in a city in Iran. Open-ended interview and observation were used to collect the required data. The process of the study was done in five stages. Results: After implementation of Watson's theory in a five-step interview, the patient's disappointment and despair were reduced and the patient agreed to continue the treatment process. Conclusions: Watson's theory of caring is likely to bring love and hope back to patients with breast cancer in bad physical and mental conditions. By applying 10 caring factors of this theory, a humanitarian relationship is established with the patient; this relationship is based upon love and hope. The patient is able to express her feelings and continue the treatment process by trusting God, applying her spirituality, and gaining supports from family and friends.
- breast cancer
- breast neoplasms
- Watson’s theory of human caring
- case study
How to Cite
Taques pessoa da silveira J, Sanches maziero E, Loewen wall M, Rossi kissula souza S, Forlin D, de morais chaves A. Application of theories in studies on breast cancer: Integrative review. J Nurs UFPE line. 2014;8(5):1357-63.
American Cancer Society. Breast Cancer Facts and Figures 2013–2014. usa: American Cancer Society; 2013.
Sharifian A, Pourhoseingholi MA, Emadedin M, Rostami Nejad M, Ashtari S, Hajizadeh N, et al. Burden of Breast Cancer in Iranian Women is Increasing. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2015;16(12):5049-52. doi: 10.7314/apjcp.2015.16.12.5049 pmid: 26163639
Roohparvarzade N. Prevalence of risk factors for breast cancer in women (20 to 69 Years old) in Isfahan 2012-2013. Iran Q J Breast Dis. 2014;7(1):52-61.
Noori Daloii M, Tabarestani S. Molecular genetics, diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer: Review article. J Sabzevar Univ Med Sci. 2010;17(2):74-87.
Andreoli T, Cecil R. Blood diseases and cancer. M JMEbAF-A, editor. Tehran: Andisheh Rafi; 2007.
Shields CG, Rousseau SJ. A pilot study of an intervention for breast cancer survivors and their spouses. Fam Process. 2004;43(1):95-107. doi: 10.1111/j.1545-5300.2004.04301008.x pmid: 15359717
Bagheri Zanjani Asl Monfared L, Entesar Foumany G. The effectiveness of group based hope-therapy on increasing resilience and hope in life expectancy in patients with breast cancer. J Health Promot Manage. 2016;5(4):58-64.
Moursy AME-S, Ead AYS. Self care practices of chemotherapy patients. Life Sci J. 2014;11(4):212-22.
Fawcett J, Desanto-Madeya S. Contemporary nursing knowledge: Analysis and evaluation of nursing models and theories. Philadelphia: FA Davis; 2012.
Watson J. The philosophy and science of caring, revised edition. Colorado: University of Colorado; 2008.
Jesse E. Watson's philosophy of nursing practice' 2006. 103-29 p.
Yeter Durgun Ozan PhD B. Implementation of Watson's theory of human caring: a case study. Int J Caring Sci. 2015;8(1):25.
Abolhassani S, Taleghani F, Yazdannik A. The Use of Qualitative Case Study in Nursing. J Q Res Health Sci. 2017;6(1):103-11.
Bayuo J. Case Study in Caring Application of Watson's Theory of Human Caring to End of Life Care in the Burns Intensive Care Unit: A Case Report. International Journal of Human Caring. 2017;21(3):142-4. doi: 10.20467/1091-5710.21.3.142
Moghaddam TF, Jasemi M, Soltani H, Esmaeili R. Survey of social adjustment of women with breast cancer Under chemotherapy in Boukan in 1394. RJMS. 2017;24(161):13-20.
Suliman WA, Welmann E, Omer T, Thomas L. Applying Watson's nursing theory to assess patient perceptions of being cared for in a multicultural environment. J Nurs Res. 2009;17(4):293-7. doi: 10.1097/JNR.0b013e3181c122a3 pmid: 19955886
- Abstract Viewed: 2492 times
- pdf Downloaded: 1745 times