The Journal accepts only manuscripts through the online submission system, easy to use and easy to track, thus by conducting all procedures electronically your submission will be done rather faster. Once you submit an article, it will be forwarded to one of the editors and afterwards to at least two of the peer-reviewers. At once after submission, the author will be notified of both the submission process by means of email and the follow-up ID code. It is recommended to save the sent ID code for all the future correspondence regarding each article separately. More information: https://authorservices.taylorandfrancis.com
Type of Articles
Type of articles is based on PubMed definitions. For more info please refer to: http://dtd.nlm.nih.gov/publishing/tag-library/3.0/n-w2d0.html
Article reporting on primary research (The related value “review-article” describes a literature review, research summary, or state-of-the-art article.) Clinical trials is categorized in this group. Original Articles:
The content of the paper must justify its length. For reports of original investigative work, traditional division into sections is required: Title, Keywords, Addresses and which author address for correspondence, Structured/nonstructured abstract, Background, Objectives (optional), Methods, Results, Discussion, References and Acknowledgements, Legends for display items (Figures and Tables).
Research articles should contain 2500 - 3500 words, maximum number of references is 55, maximum Number of illustrations/Tables is 5.
Review or state-of-the-art summary article (The related value “research-article” describes original research.) Systematic review or Meta-analysis is categorized in this type. Only invited review articles will be accepted.
Review Articles should contain 3500 - 4000 words, maximum number of references is 80, maximum number of illustrations/Tables is 5. In a review article both abstract (if structured) and text of the manuscript, include following items:
1) Context: Include 1 or 2 sentences describing the clinical question or issue and its importance in clinical practice or public health.
2) Evidence Acquisition: Describe the data sources used, including the search strategies, years searched, and other sources of material, such as subsequent reference searches of retrieved articles. Explain the methods used for quality assessment and the inclusion of identified articles.
3) Results: Address the major findings of the review of the clinical issue or topic in an evidence-based, objective, and balanced fashion, emphasizing the highest-quality evidence available.
4) Conclusions: Clearly state the conclusions to answer the questions posed if applicable, basing the conclusions on available evidence, and emphasize how clinicians should apply current knowledge.
Case study, case report, or other description of a case. A case report is a case study, case report, or other description of a case that should contain 1500 - 2000 words with a structured abstract of 200 words maximum. Case reports should comprise sections of Introduction, Case Presentation, and Conclusions in Abstract and Introduction, Case Presentation, and Discussion in full text with not more than 2 tables or figures and up to 20 references.
Opinion piece, policy statement, or general commentary, typically written by staff of the publication (The similar value “article-commentary” is reserved for a commentary on a specific article or articles, which is written by an author with a contrasting position, not an editor or other publication staff.)
Letter to a publication, typically commenting upon a published work. Letters to the Editor about a recent journal article
Letters referring to a recent article in this journal must be received within three months of its publication. For example, a letter referring to an article published in the January issue must be submitted online no later than March 31st. Letters submitted after the allowed time will not be considered.
The text, not including references, must not exceed 700 words. A maximum of three authors and 10 references are allowed. Neither tables nor figures are allowed.
Letters to the Editor NOT referring to a recent journal article
Original research that is of interest but does not fulfill all the requirements needed for publication as a full-length manuscript can be submitted as a letter to the editor. The letter must have a title and a maximum of three authors.
The text, not including references, tables, figures or legends must not exceed 700 words. No more than 10 references and either one table or one figure are allowed.
Word Count Limit: Letters should contain 500 - 700 words, maximum number of references is 10, maximum Number of illustrations/Tables is 1.
Title: choose a title that is long enough to cover the main points and by considering the importance of shortness. Only the first letter of the first word of each title and also abbreviations should be in upper case.
Running title: a shorter version of the title (40 characters at most) is needed for page footer.
Authors & Affiliations (so important)
Author(s): full name of all authors should be mentioned.
Method: [First Name] [Middle Name] [Last Name]
Exapmle: Marek Jan Brensht
Affiliation: Author's affiliation contains only department and university not author's degree or position.
Method: [name of department], [name of university], [city], [country]
Example: Molecular Biology Department, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
Corresponding author: one of the authors should be picked out for possible correspondence before and after publication. Their address, telephone and fax number and email should be written.
[Name of Recipient]
[Full Postal Address]
[Tel] Method: +[country code] [city code] [Phone Number]
[Cellphone]: +[country code] [Phone Number]
Example: Abraham RanstPetersbon Street 2c, 6432 GC, Hoensbroek, The Netherlands Tel: +98 21 1234566 Cellphone: +98912-1222211
Abstract & Keywords
[Required for original articles, review articles, case reports]
An abstract of 350-400 words should be provided to state the reason for the study, the main findings and the conclusions drawn from the observation. Abstract of original articles and brief reports should be structured under the following headings: Background, Objectives, Methods, Results and Conclusions.
The Case Reports should follow these headings: Introduction, Case Report or Case Presentations and Conclusion.
A list of 3-5 keywords must be provided for indexing purposes. All keywords should be provided according to MeSH terms at: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/MBrowser.html. Note that the preferred expression is indicated by the label "MeSH Heading" and not "Entry Term." The desired terms may then be copied from the MeSH Browser. Another way of finding appropriate headings is to search PubMed to find articles on similar topics, and review the MeSH headings assigned to those articles. To read more about Keywords refer here.
Choose the proper classification(s) based on your manuscript.
To send electronically, manuscripts should be in Word Document (Microsoft Word 97, 2003, 2007). Please double check the article for spelling, structure and format mistakes.
Word Count Limits
These numbers shows this journal word count limitations:
- Research Articles: 2500 - 3500 words (Maximum number of references is 55, Maximum Number of illustrations/Tables is 5)
- Review Articles: 3500 - 4000 words (Maximum number of references is 80, Maximum Number of illustrations/Tables is 5)
- Systematic Review Articles/Meta-Analyses: 4000 - 4500 words (Maximum number of references is 100, Maximum Number of illustrations/Tables is 6)
- Case Report: 1500 - 2000 words (Maximum number of references is 20, Maximum Number of illustrations/Tables is 2)
- Letters to the Editor: 500 - 700 words (Maximum number of references is 10, Maximum Number of illustrations/Tables is 1)
- Editorials: 500 - 1000 words (Maximum number of references is 10, Maximum Number of illustrations/Tables is 1)
- Other articles: 1000 - 2000 words (Maximum number of references is 20, Maximum Number of illustrations/Tables is 2)
To distinguish different parts of the article, it is recommended to use the font Times New Roman size 12 for the body, size 12 bold for subheadings, size 14 for headings and size 14 bold for the title.
Full-text of the manuscript must be a a word file. This file should contain all parts of the manuscript including: Title page, Abstract, Article Body, Figures, Tables, Acknowledgments, Financial Disclosure, Appendices, and all other supplements in the format of Microsoft Word 97 or 2003. A complete list of parts can be found in Instruction for Authors. References can be in ENDNOTE format.
References should be in simple text (not in ENDNOTE format). Beides, we cannot accept tranck changed word files via this session. *** Note: This file will be converted to the PDF.
[Especially required for original articles]
The rest of the article differs according to the article type you are submitting but generally includes the following headings: Introduction, Material and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion, Acknowledgement, Conflict of interest and References.
This should summarize the purpose and the rationale for the study. It should neither review the subject extensively nor should it have data or conclusions of the study. Author(s) should declare objectives/aims of the study.
Materials and Methods
This should include exact method or observation or experiment. If an apparatus is used, its manufacturer's name and address should be given in parenthesis. If the method is established, give reference but if the method is new, give enough information so that another author is able to perform it. If a drug is used, its generic name, dose and route of administration must be given. Statistical method must be mentioned and specify any general computer program used. The Info system used should be clearly mentioned.
It must be presented in the form of text, tables and illustrations. The contents of the tables should not be all repeated in the text. Instead, a reference to the table number may be given. Long articles may need sub-headings within some sections (especially the Results and Discussion parts) to clarify their contents.
This should emphasize the present findings and the variations or similarities with other work done in the field by other workers. The detailed data should not be repeated in the discussion again. Emphasize the new and important aspects of the study and the conclusions that follow from them. It must be mentioned whether the hypothesis mentioned in the article is true, false or no conclusions can be derived.
In conclusion you restate your research question and summarize your main points of evidence for the reader. You can usually do this in one paragraph. The ending paragraph should summarize all the basic ideas presented within an essay or research paper. While drawing conclusions, keep in mind an important point that never add any new information in the last part of your essay. In ending paragraph, audience or readers do not expect anything new. Conclusion should have precise information. Do not repeat concepts and words that have been already mentioned. However, you should have enough synonyms and related words that can make your conclusion more attractive.
Authors should acknowledge any scientific, technical, statistical and financial supports. Contributors other than coauthors may be very briefly acknowledged in a separate paragraph at the end of the paper. All sources of funding should be declared.
Conflict of Interest
The authors must declare any conflict of interests of contributed authors very briefly in a separate paragraph at the end of the paper. All sources of funding should be declared; unless otherwise the following sentence should be given “Authors declare no conflict of interests”.
All Manuscripts must be in word format (Doc or Docx) in 2 separate file (one of them with author names and one of them without names)
All tables must be included at the end of the manuscript.
(Figures must be submitted as separate files)
- Authors should declare in the cover letter that all figures of their manuscripts are original, otherwise the original source of figures should be mentioned and reprint form must be uploaded in the attachments.
- Scanned graph from other resources will not be accepted to publish.
- All Figures should be in the form of JPG (.jpg) or JPEG.
- Please scan all images in at least 300dpi.
- We will NOT accept any images with resolution below 300 dpi.
Units, Symbols and Abbreviations
Internationally accepted units (International System of Units), symbols, and abbreviations must be used. Abbreviations should be used sparingly and must be introduced in parentheses upon first mention. Abbreviations that have meaning only within the context of the specific manuscript should be avoided.
This Journal accepts references according to a style based on Vancouver style (with some minor changes). Vancouver, a numbered style, follows rules established by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. Writing references as an ENDNOTE or REFMAN file will be considered as an advantage when submitting a manuscript.
****Please dont cite any Persian language refrences.****
If you are using Endnote software to download the latest style based on Vancouver please click HERE and unzip the file.
In the Vancouver system, the only indication required in the text of a paper is a number, allocated in ascending sequence, and presented in the text either in brackets, some or in superscript. For example: "Recent randomized controlled trials in primary care showed benefits for patients with depression from increased telephone support, better cooperation between primary care and mental health professionals, and more systematic follow up.7"
If the same source is cited again later in the text, the same number is used once more. If multiple references are cited, use a hyphen to join an inclusive range of numbers thus: 2-5. Use commas without spaces to separate non-inclusive numbers in a multiple citation thus: 2-5,7,10.
A bibliography is a list of references cited given at the end of an essay, dissertation etc. Each individual reference is made by putting together all the details needed to find a piece of information, in a specified order. Different details are needed for different formats of information. It is important to use the same style, punctuation and order of details throughout your piece of work. In this topic you will look at how individual references are constructed. In particular you will learn how to reference.
Books and other Monographs
Below are the details needed to construct a book reference. All the details should be put in the exact order, with identical punctuation. Each element of the reference is separated from the next by a full stop.
If only a part is cited, add the page numbers, and volume number in the case of multi-volume works, at the end of the reference. Below is a sample book reference.
--Ford MJ, Munro JF. Introduction to Clinical Examination. 7th ed. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone; 2000.
If you need to reference a book written by more than six authors, list the first six authors' names followed by "et al" thus:
--Cohen J, Brown A, Smith B, Jones G, Murphy M, McKay P et al.
- Personal author(s)
--Murray PR, Rosenthal KS, Kobayashi GS, Pfaller MA. Medical microbiology. 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2002.
- Editor(s), compiler(s) as author
--Gilstrap LC 3rd, Cunningham FG, VanDorsten JP, editors. Operative obstetrics. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002.
- Author(s) and editor(s)
--Breedlove GK, Schorfheide AM. Adolescent pregnancy. 2nd ed. Wieczorek RR, editor. White Plains (NY): March of Dimes Education Services; 2001.
- Organization(s) as author
--Advanced Life Support Group. Acute medical emergencies: the practical approach. London: BMJ Books; 2001. 454 p.
--American Occupational Therapy Association, Ad Hoc Committee on Occupational Therapy Manpower. Occupational therapy manpower: a plan for progress. Rockville (MD): The Association; 1985 Apr. 84 p.
--National Lawyer's Guild AIDs Network (US); National Gay Rights Advocates (US). AIDS practice manual: a legal and educational guide. 2nd ed. San Francisco: The Network; 1988.
- A chapter in a book
Sometimes you may wish to refer to a particular chapter in an edited book. Any quotation from the book should be listed under the author of the chapter from which it is quoted.
Below is a sample reference for a chapter from an edited book.
--Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome Alterations in Human Solid Tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, editors. The Genetic Basis of Human Cancer. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002. p. 93-113.
- Conference proceedings
--Harnden P, Joffe JK, Jones WG, editors. Germ cell tumours V. Proceedings of the 5th Germ Cell Tumour Conference; 2001 Sep 13-15; Leeds, UK. New York: Springer; 2002.
- Conference paper
--Christensen S, Oppacher F. An analysis of Koza's computational effort statistic for genetic programming. In: Foster JA, Lutton E, Miller J, Ryan C, Tettamanzi AG, editors. Genetic programming. EuroGP 2002: Proceedings of the 5th European Conference on Genetic Programming; 2002 Apr 3-5; Kinsdale, Ireland. Berlin: Springer; 2002. p. 182-91.
- Scientific or technical report
Issued by funding/sponsoring agency:
--Yen GG (Oklahoma State University, School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Stillwater, OK). Health monitoring on vibration signatures. Final report. Arlington (VA): Air Force Office of Scientific Research (US), Air Force Research Laboratory; 2002 Feb. Report No.: AFRLSRBLTR020123. Contract No.: F496209810049.
- Issued by performing agency
Russell ML, Goth-Goldstein R, Apte MG, Fisk WJ. Method for measuring the size distribution of airborne Rhinovirus. Berkeley (CA): Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Environmental Energy Technologies Division; 2002 Jan. Report No.: LBNL49574. Contract No.: DEAC0376SF00098. Sponsored by the Department of Energy.
Borkowski MM. Infant sleep and feeding: a telephone survey of Hispanic Americans [dissertation]. Mount Pleasant (MI): Central Michigan University; 2002.
Pagedas AC, inventor; Ancel Surgical R&D Inc., assignee. Flexible endoscopic grasping and cutting device and positioning tool assembly. United States patent US 20020103498. 2002 Aug 1.
If you can't find the place of publication, write (s.l.) to indicate that the place is unknown (sine loco).
1- Author's surname, followed by initials or first name; for articles by up to and including six authors, list all authors separated by commas
2- Title of the article, followed by a full stop
3- Title of the journal abbreviated (using this link: http://cassi.cas.org/search.jsp). No punctuation should be used.
4- Date of publication: year followed by month (abbreviated to three letters) and day followed by a semi-colon.
5- Volume and issue number, the latter in brackets, followed by a colon
6- Page numbers, followed by a full stop
Standard journal article
List the first six authors followed by et al. (Note: NLM now lists all authors.)
--Meydani SN, Leka LS, Fine BC, Dallal GE, Keusch GT, Singh MF, et al.Vitamin E and Respiratory Tract Iinfections in Elderly Nursing Home Residents: a Randomized Controlled Trial. JAMA. 2004 Aug 18;292(7):828-36.
--Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002 Jul 25;347(4):284-7.
- As an option, if a journal carries continuous pagination throughout a volume (as many medical journals do) the month and issue number may be omitted.
--Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002;347:284-7.
- More than six authors
--Rose ME, Huerbin MB, Melick J, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Regulation of interstitial excitatory amino acid concentrations after cortical contusion injury. Brain Res. 2002;935(1-2):40-6.
- Optional addition of a database's unique identifier for the citation
--Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002 Jul 25;347(4):284-7. PubMed PMID: 12140307.
--Forooghian F, Yeh S, Faia LJ, Nussenblatt RB. Uveitic foveal atrophy: clinical features and associations. Arch Ophthalmol. 2009 Feb;127(2):179-86. PubMed PMID: 19204236; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2653214.
- Optional addition of a clinical trial registration number
Trachtenberg F, Maserejian NN, Soncini JA, Hayes C, Tavares M. Does fluoride in compomers prevent future caries in children? J Dent Res. 2009 Mar;88(3):276-9. PubMed PMID: 19329464. ClinicalTrials.gov registration number: NCT00065988.
- Organization as author
Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group. Hypertension, insulin, and proinsulin in participants with impaired glucose tolerance. Hypertension. 2002;40(5):679-86.
- Both personal authors and organization as author (List all as they appear in the byline.)
-- Vallancien G, Emberton M, Harving N, van Moorselaar RJ; Alf-One Study Group. Sexual dysfunction in 1,274 European men suffering from lower urinary tract symptoms. J Urol. 2003;169(6):2257-61.
-- Margulies EH, Blanchette M; NISC Comparative Sequencing Program, Haussler D, Green ED. Identification and characterization of multi-species conserved sequences. Genome Res. 2003 Dec;13(12):2507-18.
- No author given
21st century heart solution may have a sting in the tail. BMJ. 2002;325(7357):184.
- Article not in English
--Ellingsen AE, Wilhelmsen I. Sykdomsangst blant medisin- og jusstudenter. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2002;122(8):785-7. Norwegian.
- Optional translation of article title
--Ellingsen AE, Wilhelmsen I. [Disease anxiety among medical students and law students]. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2002 Mar 20;122(8):785-7. Norwegian.
- Volume with supplement
--Geraud G, Spierings EL, Keywood C. Tolerability and safety of frovatriptan with short- and long-term use for treatment of migraine and in comparison with sumatriptan. Headache. 2002;42 Suppl 2:S93-9.
- Issue with supplement
--Glauser TA. Integrating clinical trial data into clinical practice. Neurology. 2002;58(12 Suppl 7):S6-12.
- Volume with part
--Abend SM, Kulish N. The psychoanalytic method from an epistemological viewpoint. Int J Psychoanal. 2002;83(Pt 2):491-5.
- Issue with part
--Ahrar K, Madoff DC, Gupta S, Wallace MJ, Price RE, Wright KC. Development of a large animal model for lung tumors. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2002;13(9 Pt 1):923-8.
Issue with no volume
--Banit DM, Kaufer H, Hartford JM. Intraoperative frozen section analysis in revision total joint arthroplasty. Clin Orthop. 2002;(401):230-8.
- No volume or issue
--Outreach: bringing HIV-positive individuals into care. HRSA Careaction. 2002 Jun:1-6.
- Pagination in roman numerals
--Chadwick R, Schuklenk U. The politics of ethical consensus finding. Bioethics. 2002;16(2):iii-v.
- Type of article indicated as needed
-- Tor M, Turker H. International approaches to the prescription of long-term oxygen therapy [letter]. Eur Respir J. 2002;20(1):242. -- Lofwall MR, Strain EC, Brooner RK, Kindbom KA, Bigelow GE. Characteristics of older methadone maintenance (MM) patients [abstract]. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2002;66 Suppl 1:S105.
- Article containing retraction
--Feifel D, Moutier CY, Perry W. Safety and tolerability of a rapidly escalating dose-loading regimen for risperidone. J Clin Psychiatry. 2002;63(2):169. Retraction of: Feifel D, Moutier CY, Perry W. J Clin Psychiatry. 2000;61(12):909-11.
- Article containing a partial retraction
--Starkman JS, Wolder CE, Gomelsky A, Scarpero HM, Dmochowski RR. Voiding dysfunction after removal of eroded slings. J Urol. 2006 Dec;176(6 Pt 1):2749. Partial retraction of: Starkman JS, Wolter C, Gomelsky A, Scarpero HM, Dmochowski RR. J Urol. 2006 Sep;176(3):1040-4.
- Article retracted
--Feifel D, Moutier CY, Perry W. Safety and tolerability of a rapidly escalating dose-loading regimen for risperidone. J Clin Psychiatry. 2000;61(12):909-11. Retraction in: Feifel D, Moutier CY, Perry W. J Clin Psychiatry. 2002;63(2):169.
- Article partially retracted
--Starkman JS, Wolter C, Gomelsky A, Scarpero HM, Dmochowski RR. Voiding dysfunction following removal of eroded synthetic mid urethral slings. J Urol. 2006 Sep;176(3):1040-4. Partial retraction in: Starkman JS, Wolder CE, Gomelsky A, Scarpero HM, Dmochowski RR. J Urol. 2006 Dec;176(6 Pt 1):2749.
- Article republished with corrections
Mansharamani M, Chilton BS. The reproductive importance of P-type ATPases. Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2002;188(1-2):22-5. Corrected and republished from: Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2001;183(1-2):123-6.
- Article with published erratum
--Malinowski JM, Bolesta S. Rosiglitazone in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a critical review. Clin Ther. 2000;22(10):1151-68; discussion 1149-50. Erratum in: Clin Ther. 2001;23(2):309.
- Article published electronically ahead of the print version
--Yu WM, Hawley TS, Hawley RG, Qu CK. Immortalization of yolk sac-derived precursor cells. Blood. 2002 Nov 15;100(10):3828-31. Epub 2002 Jul 5.
Anonymous Books and Articles
If you can't find out who wrote the book or article you want to reference, begin the entry with the title. Do not use either "Anonymous" or "anon".
Below is a sample anonymous journal article reference.
Health and Dictatorship: Effects of Repression in Turkmenistan. Lancet. 2003 Jan 4;361(9351):69-70.
- In press or Forthcoming
(Note: NLM prefers "Forthcoming" rather than "In press" because not all items will be printed.)
--Tian D, Araki H, Stahl E, Bergelson J, Kreitman M. Signature of balancing selection in Arabidopsis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. Forthcoming 2002.
This letter should be uploaded through online system as a word file. By an official letter corresponding author should introduce the manuscript briefly and state that:
1- The manuscript is original work of author. All data, tables, figures, etc. used in the manuscript are prepared originally by authors, otherwise the sources are cited and a reprint permission should be attached.
2- The manuscript has not been and will not be published elsewhere or submitted elsewhere for publication.
3- Conflict of interest: To prevent the information on potential conflict of interest for authors from being overlooked or misplaced, mention this information in the cover letter.
4- Ethics of experimentation/Informed consent: The cover letter must include a statement declaring that the study complies with current ethical considerations.
5- Getting access to the template of cover letter, kindly click HERE.
The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.
Peer Review Process
All submitted manuscripts will be pre-reviewed by journal's editors in order to examine their format and scope. Manuscript will then be peer-reviewed by experts in the field. Editorial decision such as acceptance, rejection, or request for revision will be notified to the corresponding author. According to the policy of the journal the manuscripts will be reviewed about 4 weeks.
You can suggest the favorite editor to the Editor-in-Chief. Your suggestion will be considered in the review process.
New Guidelines for Authors
To improve success rate of publishing articles, authors can have a look at these checklists which will be considered as a checklist by Reviewers in the review process.
Checklist of items that should be included in reports of cross-sectional studies Read More...
Checklist of items that should be included in reports of case-control studies Read More...
Checklist of items that should be included in reports of cohort studies Read
Checklist of items that should be included in reports of observational studies Read More...
Checklist of information to include when reporting a randomised trial Read More...
Transparent reporting of systematic reviews and meta-analyses Read More...
Non-randomised evaluations of behavioural and public health interventions Read More...
Consolidated criteria for reporting qualitative research: a 32-item checklist for interviews and focus groups Read More...
We accept all terms and conditions of COPE about plagiarism and in case, any attempt of plagiarism is brought to our attention accompanied with convincing evidence, we act based on flowcharts and workflows determined in COPE.
All submissions will be checked with iTheticate software in 2 stages: New Submission and After Acceptance from the editorial boards.
Republishing is a case of Plagiarism in our Journals
Our journals explicitly instruct authors not to submit papers or variations of papers on studies that have already been published elsewhere even in other languages than English. Especially those articles which are published in local journals (with local languages) are not permitted to be submitted in our journals.
Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement
Section A: Publication and authorship
1- All submitted papers are subject to strict peer-review process by at least two international reviewers that are experts in the area of the particular paper. Reviewers are being selected by Associate Editors and Editor in Chief. Author also can propose reviewers for some journals and article types.
2- The factors that are taken into account in review are relevance, originality, readability, statistical validity and language.
3- The possible decisions include acceptance, minor revisions, major revision or rejection.
4- If authors are encouraged to revise and resubmit a submission, there is no guarantee that the revised submission will be accepted.
5- Rejected articles will not be re-reviewed.
6- The paper acceptance is constrained by such legal requirements as shall then be in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism.
7- No research can be included in more than one publication, whether within the same journal or in another journal.
Section B: Authors’ responsibilities
1- Authors must certify that their manuscript is their original work.
2- Authors must certify that the manuscript has not previously been published elsewhere, or even submitted and been in reviewed in another journal.
3- Authors must participate in the peer review process and follow the comments.
4- Authors are obliged to provide retractions or corrections of mistakes.
5- All Authors mentioned in the paper must have significantly contributed to the research. Level of their contribution also must be defined in the “Authors’ Contributions” section of the article.
6- Authors must state that all data in the paper are real and authentic.
7- Authors must notify the Editors of any conflicts of interest.
8- Authors must identify all sources used in the creation of their manuscript.
9- Authors must report any errors they discover in their published paper to the Editors.
10- Authors must not use irrelevant sources that may help other researches/journals.
11- Authors cannot withdraw their articles within the review process or after submission, or they must pay the penalty defined by the publisher.
Section C: Peer review/responsibility for the reviewers
1- Reviewers should keep all information regarding papers confidential and treat them as privileged information.
2- Reviews should be conducted objectively, with no personal criticism of the author. No self-knowledge of the author(s) must affect their comments and decision.
3- Reviewers should express their views clearly with supporting arguments in 500 to 1000 words.
4- Reviewers may identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors.
5- Reviewers should also call to the Editor in Chief's attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge.
6- Reviewers should not review manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.
Section D: Editorial responsibilities
1- Editors (Associate Editors or Editor in Chief) have complete responsibility and authority to reject/accept an article.
2- Editors are responsible for the contents and overall quality of the publication.
3- Editors should always consider the needs of the authors and the readers when attempting to improve the publication.
4- Editors should guarantee the quality of the papers and the integrity of the academic record.
5- Editors should publish errata pages or make corrections when needed.
6- Editors should have a clear picture of a research's funding sources.
7- Editors should base their decisions solely one the papers' importance, originality, clarity and relevance to publication's scope.
8- Editors should not reverse their decisions nor overturn the ones of previous editors without serious reason.
9- Editors should preserve the anonymity of reviewers (in half blind peer review journals).
10- Editors should ensure that all research material they publish conforms to international accepted ethical guidelines.
11- Editors should only accept a paper when reasonably certain.
12- Editors should act if they suspect misconduct, whether a paper is published or unpublished, and make all reasonable attempts to persist in obtaining a resolution to the problem.
13- Editors should not reject papers based on suspicions; they should have proof of misconduct.
14- Editors should not allow any conflicts of interest between staff, authors, reviewers and board members.
15- Editors must not change their decision after submitting a decision (especially after reject or accept) unless they have a serious reason.
Section E: Publishing Ethics Issues
1- All editorial members, reviewers and authors must confirm and obey rules defined by COPE.
2- Corresponding author is the main owner of the article so she/he can withdraw the article when it is incomplete (before entering the review process or when a revision is asked for).
3- Authors cannot make major changes in the article after acceptance without a serious reason.
4- All editorial members and authors must will to publish any kind of corrections honestly and completely.
5- Any notes of plagiarism, fraudulent data or any other kinds of fraud must be reported completely to COPE.