Developmental delay and related factors
Advances in Nursing & Midwifery,
Vol. 24 No. 85 (2015),
2 July 2015
Background & objective: The survival rates of high-risk infant have been improved as a result of advances
in medical knowledge, but future development of these children is becoming a matter of concern. After
infection and trauma, developmental and behavioral problems are the most common problems in pediatrics. A
range of factors are involved in behavior and development problems. Given the importance and prevalence of
developmental disorders, the lack of detailed information on risk factors, this article aims to explore some
factors associated with developmental delay in children.
Method and Material : This review was performed by searching PubMed, Ovid, SID, Scopus, Magiran and
Science Direct databases using following key words: Child Development, Socioeconomic statue, Violence,
Social support, Psychological factors, Unhealthy behavior, Social Determinants. A total of 55 article were
included in this review .
Results: The main causes of developmental disabilities remain unknown. Development of children affected
by prenatal factors, psychological, social and biological factors, genetic, environmental factors and is dynamic
interaction Biological and Acquired factors.
Key words: Developmental delay- Risk factors - Socioeconomic risk factors -Biological risk Factors-environmental
- Developmental delay- Risk factors - Socioeconomic risk factors -Biological risk Factors-environmental risk factors
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