Introduction: Testicular torsion is an emergency at any age; the aim of this study is to evaluate the role of mean platelet volume to assess the viability of the testes before surgery
Materials and methods: We retrospectively analysed the medical records of consecutive patients who underwent surgical exploration for acute scrotal pathology between January 2014 and December 2016 in our institution.
Patients: were divided into two groups (detorsion of testes and orchyectomy); a third group was created as control group. All patients underwent blood exam before surgery; inclusion and exclusion criteria were created. We also evaluated the association between mean platelets volume and the testicular recovery during surgery
Result: After reviewing medical charts following the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 8 patients were enrolled in
Group 1 and 11 patients in Group 2. 33 healthy controls were enrolled in Group 3. MPV value in Group 1 resulted
significantly different (p < 0.01) from the value in Group 2 and 3. The duration of symptoms was shorter than
6 hours in 4/8 (50%) patients in Group 1; this early referral to hospital allowed prompt detorsion and testicular
recovery. In these “early-presenting” patients, MPV value was significantly lower than in patients with torsion of
testicular appendage (p = 0.01) and in controls (p = 0.001).
Conclusion: MPV could be a useful adjunct in diagnosing TT, aiding its differential diagnosis with Torsion of the
testicular appendage. The lower MPV value in “early-presenting” patients with TT suggests a role in predicting the
testis viability, and therefore the appropriate treatment.