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The Diagnostic Value of Anthropometric Characteristics of Ilium for Sex Estimation Using Pelvic Radiographs

Masoumeh Varzandeh, Mitra Akhlaghi, Maryam Vasheghani Farahani, Farinaz Mousavi, Somayeh Karimi Jashni, Vahid Yousefinejad
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Abstract

Background: Sex estimation is an essential part of forensic identification. This study was conducted on the Iranian people to determine pelvic bones anthropometric characteristics.
Methods: Radiography of 180 pelvic bones (90 males and 90 females) was studied. We measured the height of ilium, inter-acetabular distance, acetabular diameter, the greatest breadth of the pelvis, breadth of pelvic inlet, and the presence of the beaklike bony extension in both sexes.
Results: We found a significant difference between men and women regarding their mean height of ilium, acetabular diameter, inter-acetabular distance, breadth of the pelvic inlet in all studied X-rays. The highest accuracy for sex estimation was related to the height of ilium (77%). The prevalence of the beaklike bony extension was 43% in the studied population, 70% in males and 18% in females.
Conclusion: When human skeletal remains containing pelvic bones are available, standard radiographic images along with other findings can be helpful in predicting the sex.

                                                     

 


Keywords

Anthropometric characteristics, Ilium, Sex estimation, Acetabular diameter

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22037/ijmtfm.v9i1%20(Winter).22624