Background: In addition to odor perception, the nose also plays an important role in breathing and speech. In Iran, 70% of plastic surgeries is performed on the nose.
Methods: In the present study, all patients underwent rhinoplasty during 5 years from April 2012 to March 2017 and were evaluated using a census method. A researcher-made questionnaire including the following variables were used: age, gender, level of education, season of performing the operation, length of hospitalization, occupational status, type of surgery, surgical procedure, and type of repair surgery. The obtained data were analyzed by SPSS.
Results: A total of 106 individuals, with the mean age of 27.37 years were enrolled into the study. Most of the rhinoplasty surgeries were performed in summer and the lowest frequency was in spring. Most clients had a diploma, and in terms of occupational status, most subjects were students.
Conclusion: There was a significant relationship between gender, educational level, and type of surgery.
Keyvan Ara M, Rabbani R, Zhianpour M. [Social stratification and physical improvements: Plastic surgery as a symbol for social class (Persian)]. Womens Strategic Studies. 2010; 12(47):73-98.
Rezaii A, Inanloo M. [Body management and its relation with social factors (among girls of Mazandaran University) (Persian)]. Womens Strategic Studies. 2010; 12(47):141-70.
Tavassoli Gh, Modiri F. [Women's tendency toward cosmetic surgery in Tehran (Persian)]. Womens Study. 2012; 10(1):61-80.
Farshidfar Z, Dastjerdi R, Shahabizadeh F. Acceptance of cosmetic surgery: Body image, self esteem and conformity. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2013; 84(9):238–42. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.06.542]
Mohammadpanah Ardakan A, Yousefi R. [Assessment of beliefs about appearance and inferiority feeling in cosmetic surgery candidates (Persian)]. Journal of Dermatology and Cosmetic. 2011; 2(2):85-97.
Swami V, Chamorro Premuzic T, Bridges S, Furnham A. Acceptance of cosmetic surgery: Personality and individual difference predictors. Body Image. 2009; 6(1):7-13. [DOI:10.1016/j.bodyim.2008.09.004] [PMID]
Kalantar-Hormozi A. A Brief history of plastic surgery in Iran. Archives of Iranian Medicine. 2013; 16(3):201-6. [PMID]
Henderson King D, Henderson King E. Acceptance of cosmetic surgery: Scale development and validation. Body Image. 2005; 2(2):137–49. [DOI:10.1016/j.bodyim.2005.03.003] [PMID]
Furnham A. Factors that motivate people to undergo cosmetic surgery. Canadian Journal of Plastic Surgery. 2012; 20(4):47–50. [DOI:10.1177/229255031202000406]
Delinsky SS. Cosmetic surgery: A common and accepted form of self improvement. Journal of Applied Social Psychology. 2005; 35(10):2012–28. [DOI:10.1111/j.1559-1816.2005.tb02207.x]
Sarwer DB, LaRossa D, Bartlett SP, et al. Body image concerns of breast augmentation. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. 2003; 112(1):83–90. [DOI:10.1097/01.PRS.0000066005.07796.51] [PMID]
Prak JS, Cho Ch. Factors explaining college students’ intention to receive cosmetic surgery in the future: A structural Equation Modeling approach. Journal of Medical Marketing. 2011; 11(2):127-43. [DOI:10.1057/jmm.2010.36]
Sarwer DB, Crerand CE. Body dysmorphic disorder and appearance enhancing medical treatments. Body Image. 2008; 5(1):50–8. [DOI:10.1016/j.bodyim.2007.08.003]
Swami V, Arteche A, Chamorro-Premuzic T, Furnham A, Stieger S, Haubner T, et al. Looking good: Factors affecting the likelihood of having cosmetic surgery. European Journal of Plastic Surgery. 2008; 30(5):211-8. [DOI:10.1007/s00238-007-0185-z]
Sperry S, Thompson JK, Sarwer DB, Cash TF. Cosmetic surgery reality TV viewership: Relations with cosmetic surgery attitudes, body image, and disordered eating. Annals of Plastic Surgery. 2009; 62(1):7-11.
Markey CH, Markey PM. A correlational and experimental examination of reality television viewing and interest in cosmetic surgery. Body Image. 2010; 7(2):165–71. [DOI:10.1016/j.bodyim.2009.10.006] [PMID]
Davis D, Vernon ML. Sculpting the body beautiful: Attachment style,neuroticism, and use of cosmetic surgeries. Sex Roles. 2002; 47(3/4):129–38. [DOI:10.1023/a:1021043021624]