Amyloid Precursor Protein Processing in Alzheimer’s Disease
Iranian Journal of Child Neurology,
Vol. 6 No. 1 (2012),
14 March 2012
How to Cite this Article: Bhadbhade A, Cheng DW. Amyloid Precursor Protein Processing in Alzheimer’s Disease. Iranian Journal of Child Neurology2012;6(1):1-5.
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder and a leading cause of dementia. The AD is characterized by presence of intraneuronal tangles and extracellular plaques in the brain. The plaques are composed of dense and mostly insoluble deposits of amyloid beta peptide (Aβ), formed by sequential cleavage of the Amyloid Precursor Protein (APP), by two pathways amyloidogenic and non-amyloidogenic. Tangles are composed of paired helical fragments, which aggregate to form, microtubular protein tau. Although Aβ plaques are established to be the cause of the disease, there exist genetic factors and other pathological identifications in addition to these which are an integral part of the disease. This article gives an overview into the mechanism of APP action, genetic factors and other pathological identifications contributing to Alzheimer’s disease formation.
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- Amyloid precursor protein
- Amyloid plaques
- Neurofibrillary tangles
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