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Endodontic Considerations in Three-canalled Premolars: A Practical Update

Zahed Mohammadi, Sousan Shalavi, Luciano Giardino, Saeed Asgary
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Abstract

The most difficult clinical considertions in orthograde root canal treatment are generally related to the anatomy of the teeth. Three-canalled maxillary and mandibular premolars (mini-molars) have been reported in several studies. The purpose of this paper was to review various aspects of three-canalled premolars including incidence, clinical and radiographic diagnosis, racial predisposition, access cavity preparation, instrumentation and obturation.

Keywords: Mandibular Premolars; Maxillary Premolars; Mini-Molars; Root Canal Anatomy; Three-Canalled Premolars



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22037/iej.v11i2.8338

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