Cytotoxic effect of Rosemary Extract on Gastric Adenocarcinoma (AGS) and Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma (KYSE30) Cell lines

Neamat Karimi, Jalil Rashedi, Behroz Mahdavi Poor, Sepideh Arabi, Maryam Ghorbani, Nahideh Tahmasebpour, Mohammad Asgharzadeh

Abstract


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Aim: The present study was conducted to survey the potential cytotoxic influence of freeze-dried aqueous extract of its fruits on gastrointestinal cell lines, namely AGS (human gastric carcinoma) and KYSE30 (human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.

Background: Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) is a wild medicinal plant shown to have anticancer activity. Carnosic and rosmarinic acids are compounds, obtained from it through several extraction methods.

Methods: The aqueous extract of the fruits of R.officinalis was freeze-dried, and KYSE30 and AGS cancer cell lines were treated with crude extract. Cytotoxic effect of the extracts on the cell lines was examined using 3-(4, 5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) and neutral red assay. Apoptotic cells were detected with ethidium bromide/acridine orange (EB/AO). Cell-cycle distributions were evaluated by flow cytometry.

Results: IC50 values were 4.1, 1.8 and 1.3 mg/mL for AGS cell lines after 24, 48 and 72 hours by MTT assay, respectively, and 4.4, 2.1 and 1.1 mg/mL by neutral red assay, respectively. IC50 values for KYSE30 cell lines were 600, 180 and 150 mg/mL after 24, 48 and 72 hours by MTT assay, and 860, 270 and 230 mg/mL by neutral red. EB/AO staining increased in apoptotic cells. After 24 h of treatment at different concentrations, significant increases and decreases in population were shown at G2/M and G1 phases, respectively.

Conclusion: The aqueous extract of the fruits of R.officinalis was freeze-dried, and KYSE30 and AGS cancer cell lines were treated with crude extract. Cytotoxic effect of the extracts on the cell lines was examined using 3-(4, 5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) and neutral red assay. Apoptotic cells were detected with ethidium bromide/acridine orange (EB/AO). Cell-cycle distributions were evaluated by flow cytometry.


Keywords


Rosmarinus; adenocarcinoma; cytotoxicity; esophageal

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22037/ghfbb.v0i0.1043

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GHFBB by Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases Research Institute is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

 

PISSN: 2008-2258

EISSN: 2008-4234


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