The effect of Melatonin on Improving the benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Urinary Symptoms, a Randomized Clinical Trial
Vol. 19 No. 05 (2022),
Purpose: to investigate the effect of melatonin along with tamsulosin in improving BPH urinary symptoms.
Materials and Methods: A total of 108 men with BPH symptoms, age of ≥ 50 years, and International Prostate
Symptom Score (IPSS) ≥ 8 entered into the parallel group randomized, double-blind clinical trial with balanced
randomization. The treatment group received of 3mg melatonin plus 0.4mg tamsulosin and the control group received placebo plus 0.4mg tamsulosin. Patients and physicians were concealed by sealed and opaque envelopes.
Symptoms were assessed at baseline and 1 month after treatment. Finally all scores at the initial and end of the
study were compared and analyzed using SPSS software.
Results: This study showed that adding melatonin to the classic treatment of BPH patients with tamsulosin could
significantly reduce the likelihood of nocturia by 2.39 times (95% CI: 1.07-5.32, OR = 2.39, p = 0.033) and could
also reduce the frequency of urination by 2.59 times (95% CI: 1.15-5.84, OR = 2.59, p = 0.021). There was no
statistically significant difference between the two groups in IPSS, intermittency, incomplete emptying, straining,
urgency, and weak stream.
Conclusion: Melatonin plus tamsulosin treatment is associated with a significant improvement of nocturia and
frequency in patients with benign proststic hyperplasia. However, it is necessary to do more studies.
- Benign prostatic hyperplasia, melatonin, tamsulosin, nocturia, frequency
How to Cite
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