Comparing the effects of group discussion and lecture educational methods on preventive behaviors of high blood pressure in Eslamshahr women
Researcher Bulletin of Medical Sciences,
Vol. 24 No. 1 (2019),
31 August 2020
Introduction: Nowadays, high blood pressure is a major risky factor for heart disease, stroke and kidney diseases and education is one of the effective factors that reduces high blood pressure. This study was designed and conducted to compare the effects of group discussion and lecture methods on preventive behaviors of high blood pressure in Eslamshahr school students’ mothers.
Materials & Methods: In this experimental study, a two-stage cluster sampling was conducted and 168 students were selected. Then, these students were divided into three groups of 56 members each. In addition, their mothers were invited to participate in the study. Samples into three groups (two case groups and a control group) were divided into three stages and with a questionnaire which consists of demographic information questions and questions related to knowledge, attitude, behavior developed by the researcher, were evaluated. provide educational content, lectures and group discussion methods were to used. Data collected using software SPSS-21 and ANOVA, chi-square test and Kruskal-Wallis test were used.
Results: The test showed significant differences between the two methods in the confidence level of 0.95, so that the ratings of knowledge and attitudes and preventive behaviors were higher in grou discussion (p<0.001). These results suggest that education in group discussion in comparison with lecture method is more effective and encouraging.
Conclusion: The results showed that the group discussion method is more effective than lecture is. therefore recommended to pay more attention to high blood pressure in mothers, in this educational method, especially in the education of preventive behaviors.
- High blood pressure;Knowledge; Attitude; Behavior; Education
How to Cite
2. Mirmiran P, Bahadoran Z, Mirzaei S, Golzarand M, Azizi F. Association between some dietary factors and risk of hypertension: Tehran lipid and glucose study (2008-11). Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences 2015;17(1): 54-5. [Persian].
3. World Health Organization World. Health Day 2013: measure your blood pressure, reduce-your-risk. 2013 Available from: URL:http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news. Accessed may17, 2015.
4. World Health Organization. Raised blood pressure. 2014. http://www .who.int/gh o/ncd /risk_factors/blood_pressure_prevalence_text/en/index. Available from: URL:html . Accessed may 17, 2014.
5. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. High Blood Pressure 2015. URL: http://www.cdc.gov/bloodpressure/ . Accessed june 9, 2015.
6. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. State Heart Disease and Stroke Preve ntion Program Addresses High Blood Pressure. 2015 Available from: URL:http://www.cdc .gov/d hdsp/data_statistics/fact_sheets/fs_state_hbp.htm. Accessed june 8, 2015.
7. World Health Organization.World Health Day message on blood pressure 2013. URL: http://www.who.int/dg/speeches/2013/world_health_day_20130403/en/. Accessed decemberl 6, 2014.
8. World Health Organization. Raised blood pressure (SBP≥140 OR DBP≥90) Data by WHO region 2015. Available from: URL: http://apps.who.int/g ho/data/ view .main.2540 . Accessed june 8, 2015.
9. World Health Organization . Prevalence of raised blood pressure ages 18+ 2010–2014 (age standardized estimate) Male: 201490) Data by WHO region 2015. Available from: URL: http://wwwwho.int/gho/ncd/risk_factors/blood_ pressure_prevalence/en/. Accessed june 8, 2015.
10. World Health Organization. High blood pressure: everyone has a role. 2015. Available from: URL:http://www.emro.who.int/media/world-health-day/partners-factsheet-2013.html Accessed june10, 2015.
11. Ramachandran L, Darmalyngam T; health education. Translated by Shafi'I F,Azargashb.5th ed. Publishing and Printing Institute of Tehran University 2008.
12. Ezzati E, Anoosheh M, Mohammadi E. The impact of group discussion with high school youth on lifestyle of their parents having high blood pressure. Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences (J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci) 2012; 16(6): 445-456. [Persian].
13. Izadi Rod M, Masoudi G, Zarban I, Shahraki poor M, Jadgal K. the effect of educational program based on blood pressure in patients with hypertension Basnef. Journal of Torbat University of Medical Sciences 2013; 1 (2): 22-31. [Persian].
14. World Health Organization. Policy directions to improve women’s health beyond reproduction.2013. Available from: URL: http://www.who.int/bulletin/volumes/91/9/12-109785/en / . Accessed july 18, 2015.
15. Speller V. Health knowledge. Organization. Principles and Practice of Health Promotion: Health Promotion Models and Theories. 2011. URL: http://www. Healthknowl edge .org . Accessed march 29, 2015.
16. Aghapour S.A, Vakili M.A, Karbasi M. Badeli R. Comparison the Effect of Student-Based Group Discussion and Lecture Methods Teaching on Midwifery Student's Learning Level. Educ Strategy Med Sci 2015;8(5):281-286. [Persian].
17. Arias A, R Scott, PetersO, McClainE, Gluskin A. Educational Outcomes of Sma ll-GroupDiscussion Versus Traditional Lecture Format in Dental Students’ Learning and Skills Acquisition. Journal of Dental Education 2016 ;80(4):459-465.
18. Mahram M, MahramB, Mousavinasab S.N. Comparison between the Effect of Teaching through Student-Based Group Discussion and Lecture on Learning in Medical Students . Journal of Medical Education Development Center 2008; 5(2):71-79 [Persian].
19. Bafghi A, Karimi H, Anvari M H, Barzegar K. Comparison of the Effectiveness of Two Teaching Methods of Group Discussion and Lecturing in Learning Rate of Laboratory Medicine Students . Strides Dev Med Educ 2013; 4 (1) :51-56
20. Esfahankalate S, Hasheminsab S M, Esfahankalate A. Effect of Lecture and Group Discussion on Improving the Nutritional knowledge of Pregnant Women in Gorgan. jgbfnm 2014; 11 (2) :31-37. [Persian].
21. shirazi M, rahimkhani R. Comparison the teaching methods In the learning on Laboratory Sciences undergraduate students 2015; ( 27). [Persian].
22. Didarloo AR, Shojaeizadeh D, mohamadyan H. Programming in health promotion based on changing behaviour models. Tehran: Nashre Sobhan 2009. [Persian].
- Abstract Viewed: 0 times
- e19 Downloaded: 0 times