The role of gender dysphoria and mother’s parenting style on predicting comorbid mental disorders
Researcher Bulletin of Medical Sciences,
Vol. 23 No. 1 (2018),
2 March 2019
Aim: The aim of the current study is to examine the role of parenting style and mental health disorders on individuals with gender dysphoria.
Material and Methods: In this study applied research method correlation and research strategies were utilized for data analysis. A total number of 123 patients with gender dysphoria waiting for sex reassignment surgery were recruited from Navidbakhsh clinic in Isfahan and Emergency Social Welfare in Shiraz. The study population was patients with gender dysphoria in Iran (19 males-to-females and 104 female-to-male) were accompanied by their mothers that gender dysphoria them diagnosed by Legal Medicine Organization and they were waiting for sex reassignment surgery from January 2016 to October 2016 have referred to these centers.
Results: The data obtained using multiple regressions to standard methods (simultaneous) using SPSS 19 software. Findings from the study showed that between authoritarian parenting style and mental disorders and permissive parenting style and mental disorders there is a negative relationship and between authoritative parenting style and mental disorders there is positive relationship.
Conclusions: Each, parenting styles have different relationship with mental disorders, which according to results the best and worst parenting style, authoritarian and authoritative styles are in order.
- Gender dysphoria
- Mental disorders
- Parenting styles
How to Cite
Ganji M. Essentials of DSM-5 Changes. Tehran: Savalane; 2015. [Persian]
Halgin RP & Whitbourne SK. Abnormal Psychology: Clinical Perpective on Psychological Disorders, DSM-5 Update. 7 th ed. Translated by: Seyed Mohammadi y. Tehran: Ravan; 2015. [Persian]
Ganji M. Abnormal Psychology based on DSM-5. Tehran: Savalane; 2014. [Persian]
Black DW & Grant JE. DSM-5 Guidebook the Essential Companion to the diagnostic and atatistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Translated by: Mansouri Rad A. Tehran: Arjmand; 2015. [Persian]
Sadock B, Sadock V & Ruiz P. Kaplan and Sadock's Synopsis of Psychiatry; Updates whit DSM-5. 11 th ed. Translated by: Ganji M. Tehran: Savalane; 2015. [Persian]
Hepp U, Kraemer B, Schnyder U, Miller N, &DelsignoreA.Psychiatric comorbidity in gender identity disorder. Journal of psychosomatic research 2005; 58(3): 259-261.
Asgari M, Saberi SM, Rezaii O & Doulatshahi B. The prevalence of mental disorders in patient's whit gender identity disorder. Scientific Journal of Forensic Medicine 2007; 13(3): 181-186. [Persian]
Mohammadi Kh, Zamani R, Vaezi SA & Hadadi Koohsar AA. Personality characteristic in conversion of sex. Journal of Psychology University of Tabriz 2010; 5(17): 107-127. [Persian]
Heylens G, Elaut E, Kerukels BPC, Paap MCS, Cerwenka S, Richter-Appelt H, Cohen-Kettenis PT, Haraldsen IR, &Cuypere GD.Psychiatric characteristics in transsexual individuals: multicentre study in four European countries. The British Journal of Psychiatry 2013; DOI: 10.1192/bjp.bp.112.121954. P: 1-6.
MazaheriMeybodi A, Hajebi A, &Ghanbarijolfaei A. Psychiatric Axis I Comorbidities among Patients with Gender Dysphoria.Psychiatry Journal 2014; http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/971814.p: 1-5.
Javaherian F & Koocakian Z. Gender identity disorder and social dimensions: The phenomen of sexual dissatisfaction in Iran. Social Welfare Quarterly 2006; 5(21): 265-292. [Persian]
Kazdin AE. Parent management training: Treatment for oppositional, aggressive, and antisocial behaviour in children and adolescents. New York: Oxford university press; 2005.
Kazdin A E, Marciano PL & Whitley MK.The therapeutic allinance in cognitive – behavioral treatment of children referred for oppositional, aggressive, and antisocial behavior. Journal of consulting and clinical psychology 2005; 73: 726-730.
Kazdin AE. Arbitrary metrics: I implications for identifying evidence – based treatments. American psychologist 2006; 61: 42-49.
Kazdin AE & Whitley MK. Comorbidity, case complexity, and effects of evidence – based treatment children referred for disruptive behavior. Journal of consulting and clinical psychology 2006; 74: 455-467.
Delos Reyes A &Kazdin AE.Conceptualizing change in behaviour in intervention research: The Rong of possible change mode. Psychological Review 2006; 113: 554-583.
Rice FPh. Human development. 4 th ed. Translated by: Foroughan M. Tehran: arjmand; 2013. [Persian]
Halgin RP & Whitbourne SK. Abnormal Psychology: (Clinical Perspectives on Psychological Disorders). 4 th ed. Translated by: Seyed Mohammadi Y. Tehran: Ravan; 2013. [Persian]
Rezaii O, Saberi SM, Shahmoradi H & Malek Khosravi Gh. Family functional in patients whit gender identity disorder. J Rehabilitation 2007; 8(29): 58-63. [Persian]
Yazdanpanah L & Samadian F. study of gender identity disorder whit emphasis on the role of family: Comparative study visitor's welfare organization of Kerman province. Journal of Social Studies 2011; 5(1). [Persian]
Goshtasbi Asl S, Salehi M & Molaeinezhad M. Perception of people with and without gender dysphoria regarding family function in Isfahan. J Res Behave Sci 2015; 13(2): 165-173. [Persian]
Cohen-Kettenis PT &Gooren LJG.Transsexualism: A review of etiology, diagnosis and treatment. Journal of psychosomatic research 1999; 46(4): 315-333.
Parker G & Barr R.Parental representations of transsexuals.Archive of Sexual Behavior 1982; 11: 221-230.
Rekers GA, Mead SL, Rosen AC & Brigham SL.Family correlations of male childhood gender disturbance. Journal of Genetetic Psychology 1983; 142: 31-42.
Simon L,Zsolt U, Fogd D &Czobor P.Dysfunctional core beliefs, perceived parenting behavior and psychopathology in gender identity disorder; A comparison of male-to-female, female-to-male transsexual and nontranssexual control subjects. Behavior Therapy and Experimental psychiatry 2011; 42: 38-45.
Stoller R. Male childhood transsexualism.Journal of the American academy of child and adolescent psychiatry 1968; 7: 193-201.
Bleiberg E, Jackson L & Ross JL. Gender identity disorder and object loss. Journal of the American academy of child and adolescent psychiatry 1986; 25: 58-67.
Marantz S & Coates S. Mothers of boy's whit gender identity disorder: A comparison of matched controls. Journal of the American academy of child and adolescent psychiatry 1991; 30(2): 310-315.
Rahmati A, Etemadi A & Mehrabi Sh. Compare rate of mental disorders in adolescent girls due to parenting styles in schools in the city of jiroft. Journal of Psychological Studies 2008; 3(4): 9-23. [Persian]
Zahrakar K. Examine the relationship between parenting styles and mental health in adolescents in Islamshahr. Journal modern thoughts in Education 2008; 3(2): 77-91. [Persian]
Seifi Gandomani MY, Kalantari Meybodi S & Fat'h N. Typology in family parenting styles (the combination of maternal and paternal parenting)and its effect on anxiety and depressin in adolescents: New approach to parenting. Journal of Fundamentals of Mental Health 2009; 11(3): 185-194. [Persian]
Tozandehjani H, Tavakolizadeh J & Lagzian Z. The effect of parenting styles on self-efficacy and mental health of students. Journal of Gonabad University of Medical Sciences 2011; 17(3): 56-65. [Persian]
Ahangareanzabi A, Sharifi Daramadi P, farajzadeh R. The relationship between parenting styles and adolescents aggression in the city of shabestar.Researches of Cognitive and Behavioral Science 2012; 1(1): 1-8. [Persian]
Khanjani z, Esmaeili Anamage B & Gholamzadeh M. The role of parenting styles in predicting anxiety thoughts and obsessive compulsive symptoms in adolescents. J Shahid Sadoughi Unive Med Sci 2011; 20(1): 39-48. [Persian]
Gorji R & Mahmoudi A. Compare parenting style and general health inparents of deaf children and mental retardation. Journal of Exceptional Education 2013; 5(113): 15-24. [Persian]
Zare F, Bakhshipour B &Hassanzadeh R. Parenting style and mental health in iranian adolescents. Journal of Novel Applied Sciences 2014; 3(3): 274-277.
Nikoogoftar M &Seghatoleslam S.The role of Parenting Styles in Predicting Adolescent Behavioral and Emotional Problems.Practice in Clinical Psychology 2015; 3(1): 23-30.
Kordestani D &Siavoshi H.The Relationship between Parenting Styles and Psychological Disorders in Patients whit Drug and Psycho-stimulant Addiction. Journal of Applied Environmental and Biological Sciences 2015; 5(12S): 569-574.
Zhong X, Wu D, Nie X, Xia J, Li M, Lei F, Lim HA, Kua EH &Mahendran R. Parenting style, resilience, and mental health of community-dwelling elderly adults in China. BMC Geriatrics 2016; 16:135.DOI 10.1186/s12877-016-0308-0.
Saatchi M, Kamkari K & Asgarian M. Psychological tests. 3 th ed. Tehran: Virayesh; 2012. [Persian]
Fat'hi Ashtiani A & Dastani M. Psychological Tests Personality and Mental Health. Tehran: Besat; 2013. [Persian]
Aminpoor H & Zare H. The application of psychological tests. Tehran: Payam Noor University; 2014. [Persian]
- Abstract Viewed: 0 times
- PDF Downloaded: 0 times